First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Ulm (Ulma) is an ornament to Swabia, and an imperial city. Although some say that its origin and beginning are not known, yet its age and veneration are indicated by its name, which was derived from the natural condition of its moist, clayish soil, which is conducive to the growth of elms. After abandoning its rude state the city was given the Latin name of Ulma from these same elms.[Ulmus (Latin), ‘the elm’; Ulme (German), ‘the elm tree’.] This is a free city subject to no one except the Roman king. Together with Bamberg, Schlettstadt, and Magenau, it makes up the four villages dedicated to the Holy Roman Empire.[See illustration, Folio CLXXV recto.] Not that Ulm is a village now, but it may have been destroyed through the ravages of war, and thus left without walls for some time. However, it was rebuilt later and became a strong fortified place. The navigable Danube, rich in good edible fish, flows along a portion of the wall. Through the upper part of the city runs also a notable river, the Iller. By means of these rivers large quantities of wood for building and for fuel are brought to this city and to places above and below the same. The river Blau also runs through the city. Ulm is protected by deep moats and high towers and is filled with picturesque houses—