First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Henry (Heinricus), the third of this name, son of the aforesaid emperor Conrad, was elected successor to his father by the electors in the Year of the Lord 1040; and he reigned seventeen years. He resembled his father not only in virtue, but was also more distinguished. While his father still lived he took in marriage a beautiful daughter of the king of England. She was falsely accused of adultery. However, through a child which she brought with her from England she was protected against the accuser, who was a large strong man; and through this child she obtained a victory over this same man. Afterwards she was voluntarily divorced from her husband, and concluded her life in a cloister. After this Henry married Agnes (Agnetem), sister of Duke William (Guilhelmi), of Poitiers, and he celebrated the marriage in royal manner at Inglesheim. He ordered all dangerous, frivolous and deceiving men driven out, and all he was accustomed to receive as a prince, by way of dress, horses, and money, he handed over to the poor. He was cheerful by nature, a joy to the people and unassuming; but he was feared by the enemy. He was good and kind to the poor. In the first year of his reign he proceeded against Ulalrich (Oldericum), the Bohemian king, with a powerful force. But this time he returned to Germany without results. The following year he went to Bohemia with a stronger and better-equipped army, and defeated King Ulalrich to such an extent that the Bohemians were obliged to pay tribute to a Roman prince for a number of years. During the same period the Hungarians were in civil revolt, some adhering to Peter, their king, the rest supporting another. Peter was driven out by force of arms, and another, called Alboin, was elevated to the kingship. Yet the discord between the nobles and the people did not abate. So at once Peter fled to Henry, appealing to him for help and support. Henry marched into Hungary with a strong force, drove out Alboin, reinstated Peter, and silenced the revolt. In the meantime dissensions, previously unheard of, occurred with regard to the papal chair. So Henry marched to Rome with a large army. Three popes were deposed, and a bishop of Bamberg (as aforesaid) was made pope. From him King Henry received the imperial crown. Finally Henry died and was buried at Spire.[Henry III (1017-1056), surnamed the ‘Black,’ Roman emperor, only son of the emperor Conrad II and Gisela, widow of Ernest I, duke of Swabia, was born October 28th, 1017, designated as his father’s successor in 1026, and crowned German king in 1028. In 1032 he took part in a campaign in Burgundy; in 1033 he led an expedition against Ulalrich, a prince of the Bohemians. In 1036 he married Gunhilda, afterwards called Kunigunde, daughter of Canute, king of Denmark and England. On his father’s death Henry became sole ruler of the empire. In 1042 his attention was directed to the Hungarians, who had driven out their king Peter, and set up one Aba Samuel, or Ovo, who attacked eastern Bavaria. Henry restored Peter to the throne, and brought Hungary completely under the German king. In 1038, Kunigunde died, and in 1043 Hungry married Agnes, daughter of William V, duke of Guienne. Then followed the deposition of the rival popes; and the king secured the election of Suidger, bishop of Bamberg, who crowned Henry as emperor in 1046. He was immediately recognized by the Romans as Patricius, an office which at this time carried with it the right to appoint the pope. Returning to Germany in 1047, Henry appointed two popes, Damasus II and Leo IX, in quick succession. On Leo’s death Henry nominated Gebhard, bishop of Eichstädt, to the vacant chair. The emperor died at Bodfeld in 1056. He was a peace-loving prince, favored church reforms, and sought to suppress private warfare. He was a patron of learning, a founder of schools, and completed cathedrals at Spire, Worms and Mainz.]

Several historians write of the miraculous origin of this Henry (Heinrici). Like emperor Conrad the Second, he spared no disturber of the peace. Count Leopold, having violated the peace, stood in danger of the emperor, and fled to a distant forest, called the Schwarzwald. There he lived with his wife in a small hut. Now it so happened that the emperor in the course of a chase, put up there for the night. In the same night the countess bore a boy. And the emperor heard a voice from heaven, thrice repeating, Emperor, this child will be your son-in-law and heir. In the morning the emperor commanded his attendants to slay the child; but they laid it on a tree, and brought forth to the emperor the heart of a rabbit in place of that of the child. Then the duke went forth and found the child and adopted it as his heir. Long afterwards the emperor saw the lad in the duke’s house, suspecting him to be the one whom he had ordered slain. And he took him up as a horseman, requesting him to take a letter to the queen. In the letter he commanded the queen to slay him as soon as she had seen the letter. But on the way the lad rested at the house of a priest, and fell asleep. The priest opened the letter, and wrote another to the effect that as soon as the queen had read the letter, she should give the youth to her daughter, if she prized her life. As soon as the youth arrived there he was given the queen’s daughter.

A large flaming beam or timber was seen in the heavens between east and south, above the sun, flying toward the west and falling to the earth.

While this noble Emperor Henry (Heinricus) commendably celebrated Pentecost at Mainz, in Germany, and the imperial vessels were being prepared shortly before the office of the holy mass, a tumult arose through devilish instigation between the arch-bishop and the servants of the abbot of Fulda as to which should sit next to the emperor. Various words led to blows, and the vestibule of the church flowed with blood. With the arrival of bishops and others, quiet was restored, the church cleansed, and the mass completed with much devotion. But when, among others, the verse, This day you have made celebrated, was sung in regular order, a devilish voice spoke from the air, This day I have made warlike. And immediately all the people succumbed to fear; and the emperor, noting the devil’s hilarity, said: You, the inventor of all evil, have filled this day with sorrow. So, by the grace of God we will make it a gracious one for the poor and the needy. After completion of the office, he caused the poor and needy to be brought forth, and with his own hands gave them rich foods.


A fiery beam is depicted as proceeding through midair.