First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Stephen (Stephanus), king of Hungary, was a son of Geisa (Geyche) by his wife Sarolta (Sarolth), who was a daughter of Gyula. During his youth he conducted a just war against the mighty and powerful Duke Cupan, and was victorious. After receiving the royal crown he made war against Gyula, his mother’s brother; and him he defeated and sent to Hungary with his wife and children, assigning him a place in the forest. After Stephen had married Gisela (Geisila), sister of the aforementioned Henry (Heinrici), he was converted to the Christian faith with the assistance of Albertus, the bishop of Prague; and all of Stephen’s people were also converted. Afterwards King Stephen conducted a war against the exceedingly wealthy duke of Bulgaria; and with the estates, possessions and treasures that he took, he caused a monastery to be built at Old Buda in Saint Peter’s honor. Having subjugated all neighboring peoples, and having decided to give over the kingdom to Emeric, and to await his own end in contemplation and service of God, he became seriously ill, and he died in the 37th year of his reign, in the 1038th year from the Incarnation of the Lord. He was buried in the Albensis Basilica, which he had built in honor of the Mother of God. And there, together with his spouse, he was famous for their many miracles.[Stephen I (977-1038), a king of Hungary, was the son of Geza, duke of Hungary, and of Sarolta, one of the few Magyar Christian ladies. His tutors included the German priest Bruno, the Czech priest Radla, and an Italian knight Theodate of San Severino, who taught him arms and letters. In 996 he married Gisela, daughter of Duke Henry II of Bavaria. In the following year his father died and the young prince was confronted by a formidable pagan reaction. Stephen moved against the rebels, bearing before him the banner of St. Martin of Tours, whom he now chose to be his patron saint. He routed them in 998, and assumed the royal title immediately afterwards. The rest of Stephen’s life was spent largely in a struggle against the pagan nobles, which engrossed his energies, and compelled him to adopt a pacific policy toward the emperors of the east and west. He died in 1038 and was canonized in 1083.]

Emeric, a king of Hungary, was the son of the aforesaid Stephen (Stephani) and Gisela (Geisila). Stephen had other sons, but this one more so than his brothers was fortified by divine endowment against the inclinations of men, with righteousness, wisdom, mildness, mercy, kindness, humility and patience. He was loved by his God, and was acceptable to the people. His father had charged him with the care and rule of the kingdom. He was taken by death while still in a state of virginity and before he had known his wife, in order that his mind might not be corrupted. Because of his many miracles he was venerated by the people.[The young prince Emeric was dearly loved by his father and the people, and the clergy expected great things from his piety. Preparations were made for his coronation, which was to take place at Stuhlweissenburg in the stately church erected by his father, when messengers brought news of his death. He died six days before that appointed for his coronation.]

Ladislaus, king of the Hungarians, having a heavenly crown, never placed the royal one on his head. Having received the sovereignty, he comforted the unhappy, lifted up the oppressed, and was a good father to the orphans. The inhabitants of the kingdom called him a good king. He took Dalmatia and Croatia, and secured remarkable victories over the Cumans. He conquered Poland and Bohemia, and after making peace, returned homeward. Finally he died full of piety and virtue in the 19th year of his reign, in the Year of the Lord 1045 on the third day of the Kalends of August.[Saint Ladislaus I (1040-1095), king of Hungary, son of Bela I, was born in Poland where his father had taken refuge. Returning to Hungary, Ladislaus and his brother Geza refused to contest the throne against their cousin Salamon, whom they served in his campaigns against the Cumans and Pechenegs. But later the brothers quarreled with Salomon, expelling him, and Geza taking his throne. In 1077, Ladislaus succeeded Geza. He defeated an alliance between Salomon and the Cumans, and after crushing a second Cuman invasion by alleged divine aid, extended Hungary’s frontier in Transylvania. He supported the pope against Emperor Henry IV; married the daugher of Welf, duke of Bavaria, and is said to have refused the German crown for himself. By supporting the widow of Prince Stephen II of Croatia against his enemies, he secured Croatia for Hungary, introducing Catholicism into that country, and founding the bishopric of Agram (Zagreb). He extirpated non-Christian religious traditions in his dominions with great severity, and also introduced an elaborate legal code. He died suddenly in 1095 when about to take part in the First Crusade. The whole nation mourned for him for three years, and regarded him as a saint long before his canonization. A whole cycle of legends is associated with his name. His daughter Piriska married the Byzantine emperor John Comnenus.]

Robert, king of France, led a good and stately life at this time, exceeding all Christian kings in piety, scriptural learning and wisdom. He was so devoted to the service of God, that while not occupied with matters of war, he made it his regular business to sing daily with the priests. And it was said of him that while besieging a city of the enemy, and engaged in daily prayers, the towers and walls fell, and he took the city.[Robert II, the Pious, son of Hugh Capet, was born in 971 and died in 1031. He succeeded his father on the throne in 996. In 1004 he was compelled to divorce his first wife on account of his kin relationship to her, for Bertha of Burgundy, whom he had married, was his cousin. Because of this marriage, the kingdom of France was placed under an interdict by the pope. His second wife, Constance of Arles, embittered his life by his life by her greed for power and rank.]

Fulbert, a bishop, is said to have written many hymns of praise at this time, particularly to the Virgin Mary. For this reason during an illness he is said to have been cured by her milk.

Heribert, archbishop of Cologne, was illustrious in these times for his virtue and piety.[Heribert was born at Worms. His father was a gentleman of rank. His mother had been carried off into captivity by the Huns, and has been sold to an honest and good man, who restored her to her parents. She was granddaughter of Reginbald, count of Swabia. Heribert was educated in the abbey of Gorze, in Lorraine, in the diocese of Metz. His father having recalled him to Worms, the archbishop made him dean of his cathedral. Some years later, Otto III, who had not as yet received the imperial crown, made him his chancellor and obtained his ordination. His rule was a true blessing to the diocese because of his wise regulations for discipline among the clergy and the relief of the poor. He built and endowed the abbey of Deutz, on the opposite bank of the Rhine to Cologne. He also rebuilt the church of the Apostles at Cologne and the chapel of St. Stephen.]

Gebhard a bishop of Pannonia, was during those times, tied upon a cart by the enemies of the Christian faith, and carried up a high mountain, from which he was thrown off; and thus he became a martyr.

Udo, archbishop of Magdeburg, at first an intractable and obscure-minded student, appealed to the queen of Heaven for guidance; and she promised him wisdom and the office of bishop. And he became learned and a bishop as well. However, he remained unconcerned about his own salvation, inclined to carnal pleasures, neglectful of church affairs, and stained by his illicit love of an abbess; for these reasons he was scorned by all. During the night Udo heard a voice to this effect: Udo, desist from this game you have played entirely too much. Yet he persisted in his wantonness. Finally Frederick, canon of the same church, saw a host of saints in Saint Maurice’s choir, by whom Udo was condemned to death and beheaded, removed from the side of the abbess, and accused before the Virgin Mary. And to this attests the blood-stained marble—a warning and dread to other bishops.[Udo is apparently a purely fictitious character perhaps based partly on the real-life Udo, Bishop of Hildesheim (1079-1114). The story of Udo as related in the comes from the poem “Udo von Magdeburg,” an anonymous Middle High German verse legend of some 800 lines written in the 14th century.]

Heriger, abbot of Lobbes[Heriger was abbot of Lobbes between 990-1007, and is remembered for his writings as theologian and historian], and Abbo (Albo), abbot of the monastery at Fleury[Abbo of Fleury (c. 945-13th November, 1004) was a monk, and later abbot, of the Benedictine monastery of Fleury sur Loire (the modern Saint-Benoit-sur-Loire ) near Orléans, France.], were famous at this time. Also Saint Medericus, abbot of Edovensis[The only Saint Medericus known to me died in 700. Born in Autun, France, he entered St. Martin’s monastery at thirteen and later was its abbot. I have been unable to discover the name of the modern town that is the equivalent of ‘Edovensis.’], and Emotus, bishop of Liéges[Emotus is unknown.], famous for his wisdom and holiness. Likewise, Roger (Rogerius), bishop of Beauvais[Roger of Blois (bishop of Beauvais from 1002-1022), and first Count of Beauvais.], very famous for every virtue.[This paragraph is not in the German edition of the .]