First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
Heraldry of German Electoral College
(B) Second Woodcut
First Row
  1. Augsburg (Augusta). A vertically divided field – red and silver (arms of the bishopric of Augsburg). Superimposed over both fields, a golden capital, upon which rests a green pine cone (Pinienzapfen) or nut (Zirbelnuss); although some express this in the form of a cluster of grapes. The pine is classed as belonging to the Pinus Cembra, or stone pine of Siberia and Central Europe. It abounds in the Alps, the Carpathians, and the Siberian ranges, and is found in Switzerland at an altitude of 4,000 to 6,000 feet. The seeds are oily and are eaten both in the Tyrol and Siberia. A fine oil is expressed from them, which is used both for food in lamps. The wood is of slow growth and has a remarkably even grain, and is employed by the Swiss woodcarvers in preference to any other.
  2. Metz (Metis). A vertically parted shield; left, silver; right, black.
  3. Aix-la-Chapelle (Aquisgranum). Displays black eagle, crowned; crown, claws and bill in gold, field silver.
  4. Lübeck. Horizontally divided shield; upper half silver, lower half red.
Second Row
  1. Bamberg. In a silver filed appears an armored knight with shield (inscribed with an eagle), and a spear with a fluttering pennant.
  2. Schlettstadt (Sletetstat). A black eagle in a field of silver.
  3. Haguenau (Hagenau). This shield is blue, inscribed with a five-petalled rose, barbs or leaves between the petals.
  4. Ulm (Ulma). Horizontally divided field; upper half black; lower half silver.
Third Row
  1. Cologne (Colne). Three crowns in a horizontal red bar across the top of the shield; remainder of field is left blank in the woodcut, but usually ahs ten red flames in a field of silver.
  2. Regensburg (Regenspurg). Crossed keys in a red field.
  3. Constance (Constenet?). Black cross in a field of silver. The red horizontal bar which usually appears at the top of the shield is not shown.
  4. Salzburg (Saltzburg). Divided field; left, black lion rampant in a field of gold; right, a silver cross bar in a field of red.