First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 6933

Year of Christ 934

Pope John (Ioannes) the Eleventh, a Roman, entered the pontificate at this time, when a bloody spring gently flowed at Genoa, as a sign of an impending calamity; for Genoa was captured and devastated by the Saracens, who came from Africa. And so also the Hungarians spread over Italy far and wide and overran and devastated everything. This John died in the fourth year, tenth month, and 15th day of his pontificate. The seat was then empty for 12 days.[John XI, pope from 931 to 935, son of Marozia and reputed son of Sergius III, was chosen to succeed Stephen VII, at the age of 21. He was the mere exponent of the purposes of his mother, until her son Alberic in 933 overthrew their authority. The pope was a virtual prisoner in the Lateran, where he is said to have died in 935. He was succeeded by Leo VII.]

Pope Leo the Seventh, a Roman, was elected pope at the time of Hugh (Ugone) and Lothair (Lothario), who then reigned in Italy. He was a neglectful man, and did nothing worthy of remembrance. He died in the third year and tenth day of his pontificate. The seat was then empty for three days.[Leo VII, pope from 936 to 939, was preceded by John XI, and followed by Stephen IX. The chronicler’s observation that he accomplished nothing memorable is apparently true.]

In the year nine hundred thirty-five, while John (Ioanne) the Eleventh was pope, Saracens (as above stated) came from Africa with a great and mighty fleet and ravaged all the seaports of Etruria; and they captured the city of Genoa, and there committed many cruel and lamentable deeds. They killed the people who resisted them, and carried off in ships the adolescent youths; but, as some write, these were sent back home from Africa after a short time.

When Pope Leo the Seventh was elected, William (Guilhelmus) wrote that Henry, king and emperor of Germany, died. Otto, as hereafter stated, succeeded him in the kingdom and in the imperial title.

Pope Stephen (Stephanus) the Eighth, a German, after receiving the pontificate was persecuted by the Romans with so much enmity that he was unable to accomplish anything worthy of remembrance. As Martin (Martinus) states, he was so maimed during this persecution that he lived in disgrace for ever so long, being ashamed to appear before the people on account of his wounds. King Hugh (Hugo) took up arms to avenge this disgrace and outrage, but he died in the course of these preparations. He was succeeded by his son Lothair (Lotharius), who made no mention of the matter, probably because he was a friend of the Roman people, or because his reign was short, for he died two years after his father. Stephen died in the third year, fourth month and 12th day of his pontificate. The seat was then empty for ten days.[Stephen IX (or VIII) held the pontificate from 939 to 943, while the real direction of the papal see was in the hands of Marozia, and later in those of her son Alberic.]

Bipert (Bipertus), whom others call Ugibert (Ugibertus), a noble prince of Lorraine, celebrated for his piety and other virtues, was at this time enrolled in the number of the saints because of his illustrious miracles. Among others of the virtuous works of his life, he built, at his own expense, the monastery of Cemalta in France, and in a short time enhanced it with great and mighty structures.

In this year, as above stated, and as historians testify, a bloody spring gently flowed for an entire day in a district of Genoa, called Fontanella; which was a sign to the citizens of a future calamity that faced them (as above stated) when the Saracens sailed from Africa.

Pope Martin (Martinus) the Third, a Roman, was a gentle and good man, and in that respect a follower of Pope Stephen the Seventh. When he entered upon the pontificate he declined participation in all military affairs, concerning himself only with spiritual and divine matters. However, this part of Europe was not free of the turmoils of war. And when Otto decided to invade Italy, and he encountered the resistance of Lothair (Lothario), and much slaying and bloodshed occurred on both sides, Pope Martin admonished them to stay their weapons because every land was being ravaged by famine and destitution. He died in the third year, sixth month, and tenth day of his pontificate, and was buried in the Basilica of Peter. The seat was empty for twelve days.[Martin III (also known as Marinus II), pope from 942 to 946), was merely a puppet of Alberic (d. 954) prince and senator of the Romans. He died in May 946, and was succeeded by Agapetus II.]

Pope Agapetus (Agapitus) the Second, a Roman, was elected pope during the turmoil of war in Italy. He was a man of strong disposition, and succeeded in enlisting the aid of Otto, king of Germany, against Berengar, the Italian emperor, after making his arrogance known. Through Otto’s help and assistance the discord and war between the pope and Berengar, who, contrary to justice and fairness, sought to acquire dominion over every thing, were avoided and abandoned. Agapetus was a very blameless man, and a distinguished lover of Christian life and purposes. He died in the ninth year, seventh month, and tenth day of his pontificate, at nearly the same time in which Odo of Cluny, abbot of the monastery, found peace in the Lord. And he was buried in the Basilica of the Blessed Peter.

Agapetus II was pope from 946 to 955 at the time when Alberic, son of Marozia, was governing the independent republic of Rome under the title of “prince and senator of the Romans.” He endeavored to restore church discipline and to regain temporal power. His appeal to Otto the Great to intervene in Rome remained without immediate effect, since Alberic’s position was too strong to be attacked; but it bore fruit after his death. Agapetus died in 955.

The last part of this paragraph (“at nearly the same time in which Odo of Cluny, abbot of the monastery, found peace in the Lord. And he was buried in the Basilica of the Blessed Peter.”) is not in the German edition of the Chronicle. Odo of Cluny died in 942.