First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Pope Anastasius the Third, a Roman, was pope after Sergius. In his time Landulphus, the Beneventan prince of Apuleia, fought against the churches and was victorious. This pope, during his pontificate, lived a discreet and full life, and was without fault. He is much praised because he spoke no evil of any pope who preceded him. He died in the second year of his pontificate, and was buried in the Basilica of Peter.[Anastasius III, pope from 911 to 913, was a Roman by birth. Practically nothing is recorded of him, except that he took an active part in the ecclesiastical division of Germany, his pontificate falling in the period when Rome was in the power of Roman nobles.]

Pope Lando, a Roman, was of such an obscure and unknown career that some do not reckon him among the popes, particularly the historian Vincent (Vincentius); but Martin (Martinus) and Godfrey (Gothefridus) hold otherwise; for they say that Lando, by his authority and decrees, prevented war between Berengar and Rudolph, the son of Guido. This Lando died in the sixth month and 21st day of his pontificate, and was buried in the Basilica of Peter.[Lando succeeded Anastasius III on the latter’s death in 913, and was himself succeeded by John X, the favorite of Theodora, in the following year. Little of consequence seems to have occurred during Lando’s pontificate.]

The Cluniac Order had its inception in the Year of the Lord nine hundred thirteen, under the rule of the Holy Father Benedict, with the abbot Odo (Oddo), a very holy man; for when Berno the abbot was about to die, he appointed this Odo abbot of the monastery of Cluny, on condition, however, that the church of Cluny pay the Church of Guienne (Gigniacensi) 12 denarii annually. And after the monks had departed from the rule of Father Benedict, this Odo nevertheless lived among them in such strict discipline that although half dead, they were fired with the man’s piety and moved to ardent devotion; and so the worthy foundation of the holy father Benedict again took on life. This Odo was first instructed in music and dialectics by Remigius, bishop of Auxerre (Antesiodorensi), and wrote the history of Saint Martin.[See note to Monastery of Cluny, Folio CLXXIII recto, above.]

John (Ioannes), the tenth of that name, a Roman whose father was Pope Sergius, entered the pontificate in the Year of the Lord nine hundred nine. He had been a bishop of Ravenna. In a revolt of the people he had been ejected from the bishopric. While pope he was more inclined to military affairs than to spiritual matters; and such a pope the church now needed; for he, together with Alberic, the margrave of Etruria, fought against the Saracens, who harassed many regions of Italy; and they defeated them and drove them out of the Roman provinces. Then the pope returned to Rome and celebrated a triumph. This aroused the hatred of Alberic. When the pope drove Alberic out of Rome, Alberic invited the Hungarians to Italy. They caused more grief in Italy than the Saracens had done. This John was taken prisoner by the soldiers of Guido, and suffocated with a pillow in the 13th year, second month, and third day of his pontificate. And although another John took his place, attaining the papal office by force, he too was soon deposed, and is not reckoned in the number of the popes.[John X, pope from 914 to 928, was deacon at Bologna when he attracted the attention of Theodora, wife of Theophylact, the most powerful noble in Rome, through whose influence he was elevated first to the see of Bologna, then to the archbishopric of Ravenna, and finally to the papal chair, as successor of Lando. He allied himself with Theophylact and Alberic, marquis of Camerino, the governor of the duchy of Spoleto. In December 915, he granted the imperial crown to Berengar. He took the field in person against the Saracens, over whom he gained a great victory on the banks of the Garigliano. The defeat and death of Berengar through the combination of the Italian nobles again frustrated the hopes of a united Italy. John perished through the intrigues of Marozia, daughter of Theodora. His successor was Leo VI.]

Leo the Sixth, a Roman, was made pope by means of legitimate votes. He was a good pious man, leading a worthy life, silencing dissensions, making peace, holding off the enemy, etc. He died in the seventh month and fifteenth day of his pontificate, and was buried in Saint Peter’s.[Leo VI succeeded John X as pope in 928, and held the pontificate seven months and a few days; he was succeeded by Stephen VIII, or, according to the , Stephen VII.]

Stephen (Stephanus), the seventh of this name, a Roman, became pope at the time the Hungarians devastated Alamannia and Saxony. They were defeated with great slaughter at Merseburg by Henry (Heinrico), king of Germany. This pope led a life of kindness and piety. He died in the second year, first month and 12th day of his pontificate, and was buried in the Basilica of the Blessed Peter.[Stephen VII (or VIII) held the pontificate from January 929 to February 931. He was virtually a nonentity, the real direction of the pontifical state being in the hands Marozia, and later in the hands of her son Alberic, senator of the Romans.]