First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Bamberg (Babenberga) is a very renowned Franconian city, divided by the river Regnitz (Radiantia) and located in a fair and fertile region. Not far below Nuremberg this river receives the waters of the Regnitz. The Regnitz affords the inhabitants of Bamberg various diversions and is useful and convenient for shipping. From here the Regnitz flows down into the river Main (Morganam), which passes by no small number of cities in Franconia. Above the city, on a high elevation, is the citadel or castle, naturally and artificially fortified. Luitolfus, duke of Saxony, had a son named Otto, to whom was born Henry (Heinricum), surnamed the Humble (who later became king of Rome and ruler of Germany), and a daughter called Baba, for whom this city of Bamberg (Babenberga) was named; although some call the city after Mount Pavonis. Baba, countess of Babenberg, bore two sons, Reynoldus (whom duke Conrad slew) and Adelbert, the most noble count of the Franks, who was a grandson of the aforesaid Otto, duke of Saxony and Thiiringia, and who because of the slaying of his brother, in turn slew Conrad, the brother of King Louis, and for that reason went to the aforementioned citadel, and for a long time endured a siege by the king. But the capture of the citadel being considered difficult, cunning and treachery were invoked. Hatto, the archbishop of Mainz, was resorted to as an instrument to carry out the evil design; and he went to Count Adelbert at the castle, and offered to act as arbitrator of the controversy, and he asked the count to come down to the camp of the emperor, where peace could be made, or the count returned to the castle unharmed, Count Adelbert believed him, and accepted his promise and his oath. Adelbert went out with Hatto; but they were hardly out of the castle when Hatto said that the matter before the emperor might take some time, and for this reason it might be wise to dine first. And the count was pleased with the words of the bishop; and he went back into the castle and had breakfast with the bishop, asking no further security of him. Now having dined, Count Adelbert went to the king with the bishop. But he was taken prisoner and condemned to death. The count having reminded the bishop of his vow and assurances of security, the bishop, possessing little fear of God, answered and said that he had sufficiently kept his faith and assurances in the first instance, inasmuch as he had brought him out of the castle, and then brought him back into it for breakfast unharmed; for he had not promised to bring him back a second time. So the unfortunate Adelbert was beheaded. The Romans, who employed like cunning, acted better; for when Hannibal sent one of his prisoners to Rome, they sent him back in bonds. The landed estates which Count Albrecht owned, passed to the empire. So Emperor Otto III gave Henry the Saint many landed properties, as is stated in his franchise, which runs thus: Let it be known to all persons of the Christian faith that pursuant to the wishes and requests of our most beloved