First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Louis (Ludovicus), the third of that name, son of the emperor Arnulf (Arnolphi), succeeded his father in the government in the Year of Salvation 903; and he reigned 10 years. But as the empire was in a state of dispersion, he did not attain to imperial coronation. But the Franks, after his father’s death, constituted him king of the Franks and the Germans, and gave him the title of emperor. He was made king in the little town of Forcheim (Forchem). In order that he might resist Cendebald (Cenebuldus), to whom the princes of Lorraine were opposed, he was appointed to the sovereignty of the entire Belgian lowlands. In consequence of that Cendebald ravaged and devastated Lorraine with fire and sword, but he was finally slain by Counts Stephen (Scephano), Gerard and Manfred.[Louis, surnamed the Child, king of the Franks, last of the German Carolingians, son of the emperor Arnulf, was born at Ottingen. He was designated by Arnulf as his successor in Germany in 897, and crowned on February 4, 900. His chief adviser was Hatto I, archbishop of Mainz, and during his reign the kingdom was ravaged by Hungarians and torn with internal strife. He died in August or September 911, and was buried at Regensburg.] In the year 905, after the incarnation of the Lord, Louis, a son of Boso, king of the Roman territories and of Burgundy, marched into Italy, and subjugated everything to his power. He left his army, and with a small number of men went to Verona. There he was imprisoned through treachery and deprived of his eyesight, while Berengar was made emperor in the kingdom of Italy.[Louis III (c. 880-928), surnamed the Blind, Roman emperor, was a son of Boso, king of Provence or Lower Burgundy. The emperor Charles the Fat took him under his protection on the death of Boso in 887, but Louis was not recognized as king of Provence until 890. In 900, after the death of the emperor Arnulf, Louis went to Italy to obtain the imperial crown. He was chosen king of the Lombards at Pavia, and crowned emperor at Rome in 901. He gained a temporary authority in northern Italy, but was soon compelled by his rival Berengar, margrave of Friuli, to leave the country. In 904 he returned and secured the submission of Lombardy; but in 905 he was surprised at Verona by Berengar, who blinded him and sent him back to Provence, where he remained until his death in 928. He married Adelaide, possibly a daughter of Rudolph I, king of Upper Burgundy. His eldest son, Charles Constantine, succeeded only to the county of Vienne.] Louis, king of Germany, and emperor of the Franks and Germans, died without heirs. It is said that with him and his brother Cendebald the Carolingian line came to an end; and so the empire which the line of Charlemagne had possessed for one hundred and ten years shifted to the Lombards. After the death of the emperor Louis, the people requested Otto, the duke of Saxony, a highly renowned and aged prince, to assume the sovereignty; but because of his years he refused to be burdened with it.

Conrad the First, a son of Conrad, whom Count Adelbert (Albertus) killed, was, upon the advice of duke Otto, and with the consent of all the Franks, elected king in the Year of the Lord nine hundred thirteen. He was not crowned; nor is he reckoned among the emperors by the Italians over whom he did not reign. He did, however, reign over the Germans and the Gauls for seven years. During the first year of his reign the Swabians and Bavarians defeated the Hungarians who had come forth to devastate the earth. In consequence of that Arnulf (Arnulphus), the duke of Bavaria, who was antagonistic to king Conrad, fled to Hungary with his wife and children; and there he remained until Conrad died.[Conrad I, German king, was the son of Conrad, count of Lahngau. When Louis the Child died, in 911, Conrad was chosen German king at Forcheim, owing to the efforts of Hatto I, archbishop of Mainz, and to the reputation he appears to have won in peace and war alike. He found the unity of Germany threatened by the Magyars and the Normans from without, and by the growing power of the stem-duchies from within. He failed to bring Lorraine into subjugation and was finally unsuccessful in his struggle with Henry, duke of Saxony, afterwards King Henry the Fowler. He died September 23, 918, and was buried at Fulda. He named his former enemy, Henry of Saxony, as his successor.]

Henry (Heinricus) the First, called the humble, a duke of Saxony, and son of duke Otto, reigned in Eastern France. In the Year of the Lord 920 he became emperor of Germany, and he reigned 18 years, while Charles (Carolus), the king at Paris, reigned over Lower France. He gave battle to the Hungarians and Bohemians who overran Saxony. His spouse Mathilda was an illustrious woman of wonderful sweetness, grace and mildness, and endowed with all the other virtues. She bore Otto the Great, of Saxon lineage, and Henry the duke of Bavaria. But Baba, the sister of Henry, bore Count Adelbert (Albertus), who is mentioned below. This Henry, by means of threats, secured from Rudolph, the king of Burgundy, the holy spear and the nails of Christ; and he also gave him a number of presents, and a portion of the Swabian lands; and he left the spear to his successors as a treasure and protection for the empire.[Henry I, surnamed the “Fowler,” German king, son of Otto the Illustrious, duke of Saxony, shared in early life various campaigns for the defense of Saxony. He married Hatburg, a daughter of Irwin, count of Merseburg, but as she had taken the veil on the death of a former husband this union was declared illegal by the Church, and in 909 he married Mathilda, daughter of a Saxon Count, named Thiedrich, and a reputed descendant of the hero Widukind. On his father’s death in 912 he became duke of Saxony, which he defended against the Slavs. In 918 the German king Conrad I advised the nobles to make the Saxon duke his successor, and when they met in 919 they chose Harry as German king. Henry refused to allow his election to be sanctioned by the church. His authority, save in Saxony, was merely nominal, but he secured a recognition of his sovereignty from the Bavarians and Swabians. In 921, Charles III of France recognized Henry as king of the East Franks, and when in 923, the French king was taken prisoner by Herbert, count of Vermandois, Lorraine came under Henry’s authority. Henry reduced various Slavonic tribes in the east to subjection and secured both banks of the Elba for Saxony. In 923 he bought a truce of ten years with the Hungarians by a promise of tribute, and on its expiration he gained two victories over them in 933. The Danes were defeated, and territory as far as the Eider secured for Germany. The king sought further to extend his influence by entering into relationships with the kings of England, France, and Burgundy. He died at Memleben on July 2, 936. By his first wife, Hatburg, he left a son, Thankmar, who was excluded from the succession as illegitimate. By his second wife Mathilda he left three sons, the eldest of whom, Otto (afterwards the emperor Otto the Great), succeeded him, and two daughters.]

In the time of Louis (Ludovici) the Third, the noble Adelbert (Albertus), count of the Franks, grandson of Duke Otto of Saxony, killed Conrad, king Louis’s son. In consequence of which king Louis besieged the said Adelbert in the castle of Babenberg. Through the treachery and cunning of Hatto, the archbishop of Mainz, he was brought before the emperor and beheaded. Out of his blood, Adelbert, who afterwards is said to have brought Austria into the Roman Empire, is said to have had his origin.

Hatto, archbishop of Mainz, who succeeded Sunderold after he was killed by the Normans. He is the person through whose treachery Adelbert, duke of Babenberg, came to his death. This Hatto, at the instigation of King Conrad, caused a golden necklace to be made in expectation of Henry, duke of Saxony, who was King Conrad’s enemy, in order to entrap him with it. But Duke Henry was warned and the bishop was defeated in his wicked proposal. Three days later the bishop was killed by lightning, and snatched away by demons. As he fell from a mountain in Sicily into a fiery spring, a voice in the air said: Thus may you pay for your sins, and thus by falling down may you be ruined.

Hatto I (850-913), archbishop of Mainz, belonged to a Swabian family, and was probably educated at the monastery of Reichenau, of which he became abbot in 888. He was appointed archbishop of Mainz by the German king, Arnulf, in 891. In 899, when Arnulf died, he became regent of Germany, and guardian of the young king, Louis the Child. He assisted the Franconian family of the Conradines in its feud with the Babenbergs, and was accused of betraying Adalbert (most likely the Albert of the Chronicle), count of Babenberg, to his death. He retained his influence during the whole reign of Louis, and on the latter’s death in 911 helped to secure the election of Conrad, duke of Franconia, to the vacant throne. When trouble arose between Conrad and Henry, Duke of Saxony, afterwards King Henry the Fowler, the attitude of Conrad was ascribed by the Saxons to the influence of Hatto, who wished to prevent Henry from securing authority in Thüringia, where the see of Mainz had extensive possessions. He died in 913. Stories of cruelty and treachery gathered about his name.

The last clause (‘a voice in the air said: Thus may you pay for your sins, and thus by falling down may you be ruined’) is not in the German edition of the Chronicle.