First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Gangolf (Gangolfus), the holy man, was illustrious in Burgundy in the time of the aforesaid Constantine. He bought a well in Gaul and made it spring in Burgundy. Once upon a time he admonished his wife for adultery; but as she denied the charge, he said, If you wish me to believe you, bare your arm and bring me a small stone out of the well without injury to yourself. But when she put her arm into the well, the arm was burned. Because of this Gongolfus at once gave her one half of his possessions and divorced her. And he was slain in his own house by the cleric who committed the adultery. When his corpse was on the bier and was being carried to the grave, he made many sick persons well. This was made known to his wife by the maid; and she laughed and said: Gangolf performs miracles just as my ass sings. Immediately, then, her ass began to emit numerous ugly sounds without cessation. That happened to her for the rest of her life on Fridays, the day on which her husband was martyred. As often as she uttered a word, she made an offensive noise from her ass; a thing which Pepin (Pipinus) thought worthy of being tested.[Gangulf is said to have been a Burgundian nobleman. His story is pure fable. It is told of him that he bought a beautiful spring of water at Bassigny, and on reaching his castle at Varennes, he struck his staff into the ground and immediately the fountain welled up there, leaving its source at Bassigny dry—no doubt a popular tradition made to account for the drying up of one spring and the bursting out of another. During his absence, his wife associated with a man whom she passionately loved. Having learned of this, Gangulf confronted her with the accusation, which she denied. “Well, my wife,” said he, “here is this clear cold fountain. Thrust in your arm. If you are innocent it will not hurt you. If you are guilty, God shall judge.” She plunged in her arm and was scalded. Immediately Gangulf separated from his wife, gave her one of his estates and a comfortable annuity. In sorrow he lived a grave and retired life. His wife could not endure the restraint of still being the spouse of Gangulf, and she had her lover determined to do away with him so that they might marry and take his large possessions. One night the man entered Gangulf’s castle and killed him with his own sword in his bedchamber. The rest of the very amusing story Schedel has told.]

Amelius and Amicus, the children, one born to a count, the other to a knight, were taken to Rome for baptism in the time of Pepin the king of the Franks. And when in the course of their journey they met at Lucca, they became so attached to one another that neither would eat or sleep without the other. They were baptized by the pope, and with great joy many Roman soldiers acted as godfathers. They performed many miracles in the course of their lives. And as God united them in life, so he would not part them in death; for although they were buried in the time of Charles (Caroli) in two different regions, the corpse of Amelius in his sarcophagus was before long found by the sarcophagus of Amicus in the royal church.[Amicus and Amelius, according to tradition, died in 773. Their story, largely legendary, is given by Schedel above. In addition, tradition states that they were both Frankish knights, that Amicus was given the honorific position as Charlemagne’s champion, and that both took part in Charlemagne’s campaign against the Lombards in northern Italy.]

Burchard (Burckardus), bishop of Würzburg (Herbipolensis), was illustrious for his piety and miracles. He was born in England of very noble parents, and he and his brother, Swidimus (Suiduno), were bishops there. They were countrymen and kinsmen of Saint Boniface. Having received an education in the liberal arts, Burchard left home for Burgundy; and there he lived in a quiet place in the garb of a pilgrim. Afterwards, (in the time of Pope Zachary) he was elevated from monk to first bishop of Würzburg. This new bishopric was established at Würzburg in the Year of the Lord’s Incarnation seven hundred fifty-one because of the increase in the number of churches among the German people, but more particularly for the salvation of Eastern France. The see was established through the efforts of archbishop Boniface under Burchard, the first bishop, and was confirmed by Pope Zachary and Pepin (Pipini), the ruler of France. This Burchard lived a virtuous life of moderation and of generosity to the poor. Afterwards he gave over the bishopric to Megingold (Megingaudo), and with six monks went to Hohenburg; and there in contemplation and with all holiness he journeyed to Christ in the Year of Salvation seven hundred ninety-one, after having presided over the bishoprics for forty years.[Burchard was a native of Wessex, and probably a kinsman of Boniface. He led a monastic life from early youth, and was summoned by St. Boniface in 725 to assist him in Germany. He was then in priest’s orders. He made two expeditions to Rome, once in company with St. Boniface. He was ordained bishop of Würzburg by Pope Zachary in 741, and subscribed the decrees of the Council of Leptines in 742. He built many churches in his dioceses, and translated the relics of his predecessor, the martyr Kilian. When advanced in years he resigned the see to his disciple Megingaud, and retired to Homburg (Hohenburg) a castle whose ruins may still be seen on a height above the Main, near the point where the Saale flows into it; and there he died. His body was translated to Würzburg, where it now reposes.]

Carloman (Carolomannus) was the eldest son of Charles Martel (Caroli Marcelli). To him was given Swabia and Austrasia; to Pepin the Younger, Burgundy as his share. Soon after his father’s death Carloman decided to withdraw from worldly affairs. This decision he imparted to his brother; and with a few wayfarers he went to Rome. There he was consecrated by Pope Zachary, and in the garb of a monk he went to the Benedictine monastery of Cassino, and took the vow. Afterwards he journeyed to France to advise his brother Pepin against a war with the Lombards in Italy.[Carloman, son of Charles Martel, was mayor of the palace under the Merovingian kings. together with his brother Pepin the Short, he became mayor of the palace on the death of his father in 741, administering the Eastern part of the Frankish kingdom. He extended the power of the Franks in various wars, and strengthened the church in the lands under his rule. In 747 he retired to a monastery which he founded, on Mount Soracte, but subsequently entered the monastery on Monte Casino. He died August 17, 754.]

Albinus, the bishop of Angers (Andegavensis)[Albinus was already mentioned on Folio CLXI verso. This is one of those inadvertent repetitions, perhaps due to chronological considerations (the earlier grouping was largerly thematic).] and Remigius, bishop of Rouen (Rothomagensis),[Remigius, like Alibinus, was already mentioned on Folio CLXI verso. This is one of those inadvertent repetitions, perhaps due to chronological considerations (the earlier grouping was largerly thematic).] were at this time renowned for their piety and miracles.

Salvius, bishop of Albi, was martyred together with his disciple Valentinian.[Salvius (Sauve), bishop of Albi, was born of a noble Gallic family. He became a monk, then abbot, and finally enclosed himself in his cell after taking leave of his brethren. He fell ill and sank into a cataleptic fit that the brethren supposed was death; and they laid him out for burial. Suddenly he opened his eyes; and he arose and began to work as usual. He convoked the monks and told them his soul had gone to heaven, and he had seen an ineffable light; but a voice had cried, “Let this man return to earth; he is necessary to the church.” And then Salvius found that he was again in the body. After relating this vision his tongue became coated with pimples and swelled so as to fill his mouth. He thought it was a punishment for having disclosed what had befallen him. Toward the end of 574 Salvius was elected bishop. During the plague he ministered to his people with the utmost devotion.]

The body of Saint Benedict, stolen 34 years ago by the monks of Gaul and carried off together with the remains of his sister Scholastica, were awarded to the monks of Mount Cassino by Pope Zachary at the solicitation of Carloman, and were ordered returned to them from the monastery of Fleury. But some say that when the brothers of Fleury were about to be deprived of this holy father they succumbed to such prayers and tears that the body was allowed to remain with them.[According to Baring-Gould (, s.v. Benedict, March 21) the body of Benedict was carried by Aigulf, a monk of the abbey of Fleury, from Mount Cassino, which had been ruined by the Lombards, to his own monastery in France. For the biography of Benedict, see Folio CXLIV recto and note.]