First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

The Roman Pope Gregory (Gregorius) the Third held a council of almost one thousand bishops at Rome, and during it, as already stated, he excommunicated emperor Leo from his kingdom and his people because he had destroyed the holy pictures or images. The council held that these pictures should be highly esteemed as previously, and decreed that those who violated this statute should be excommunicated. Not wishing to publicly offend the pope, emperor Leo decreed that all subjects of the Roman Empire do away with the pictures and statues of martyrs and angels in order, as he said, to avoid idolatry; and that those who would not do so be regarded as public enemies. But after this council was held Gregory admonished all Christians not to allow themselves to be misled through fear of the imperial decree.[This synod, held at Rome in 731, condemned the Iconoclasts. It was not an ecumenical council.]

Charles Martel (Carolus Marcellus), son of Pepin (Pipini) the Elder, at this time was made mayor of the palace in the land of the Franks after the death of Pepin the Short. He was surnamed Martel, and was the only son of Pepin by Chalpaida (Calpiade), his first wife. Pepin also left a second wife, Plectrude, but Charles honored his stepmother as though she had born him. Nevertheless this envious woman strove to destroy this youth; for when Dagobert, the young king, at the instance of Ragenfrid (Raginfredus) enrolled an army against the government of Pepin, Charles would have lost his life and crown in prison, had he not made a cunning escape. Shortly after his release from imprisonment Dagobort died; and in a spirit of revenge Charles assembled a large army against King Chilperic and Ragenfrid, his mayor of the palace. In the first engagement both turned in flight, leaving the field to Charles. Afterwards, wishing to relieve himself of the secret envy of his stepmother, he led an army against Cologne, where she maintained herself by the fortune that Pepin had left. And by force of arms Charles captured her as well as the fortune. But she secretly escaped across the Danube to the Bulgarians. Thus Charles retained the kingdom alone, although he still had many enemies. These he defeated. Later he marched over the Rhine and subjugated the Saxons, Alamanni (Alemannos), Swabians, and Bavarians. And when he learned that the Saracens, instigated by his enemy Eudo, duke of Aquitaine, were marching into Gaul, he opposed them with a large army, slaying three hundred seventy-five thousand Saracens, while according to the historians, only fifteen hundred Franks were slain. He next turned his arms against the Frisians, then still pagans. After defeating them he returned home. He took Lyons, Arles, and Marseilles (Massiliam) from the Visigoths. He also mastered the Burgundians, but as a matter of policy, called them his allies. The Visigoths called for help from Athimus, the Saracen king. Therefore Charles marched over the Rhone with a large army and took Avignon by force. There he killed the Saracens, and moved against Narbonne and into the nearby valley of Corbaria. There he found a plain well suited for battle. Amoreus, the other Saracen king of Spain, believing Charles in flight, entered the valley. Both armies met, Amoreus was defeated, and Anthimus escaped to farther Spain by boat; and so the Saracens were subdued. From then on the Visigoths were under the power of Charles. When Charles was stricken with a severe illness he divided the conquered kingdoms and countries, according to the advice of his friends, between his sons, Carloman, the eldest, receiving Austrasia and Swabia, while Pepin (Pipino) the Younger obtained Burgundy and a part of France. Charles died in the thirty-fifth year of his reign.[Charles Martel, “The Hammer,” (c. 688-741), Frankish ruler, son of Pepin II, mayor of the palace, and Chalpaida, was thrown into prison by his stepmother Plectrude after the death of his father (also called Pepin d’Herstal) in 714. The widow claimed the government in Austrasia and Neustria in the name of her grandchildren. The grandson, under her regency, assumed the title Dagobert III. But the Neustrians threw off the Austrasian yoke, and entered into an offensive alliance with the Frisians and Saxons. In the general anarchy Charles escaped, defeated the Neustrians, and forced them to terms. In Austrasia he wrested the power from Plectrude, and took the title of mayor of the palace, thus jeopardizing the interests of his nephews. Once in possession of Austrasia, Charles sought to extend his dominion over Neustria. He defeated Ragenfrid, the Neustrian mayor, and forced him to retreat to Angers. Ragenfrid died in 731, and from that time Charles had no competitor in the western kingdom. However, the Saracens of Spain had crossed the Pyrennes and were overrunning the Frankish dominions as far as the Loire. On them Charles inflicted an overwhelming defeat at Tours in 732, freeing Europe from the dangers of a Muslim conquest. His son Pepin the Younger finally drove the last remnants back into Spain. Like his father, Martel did not assume the royal title, but ruled as Duke of the Franks. He died in 741 leaving his dominions to his sons Carloman and Pepin the Younger. Carloman received Austrasia and the Frankish territories in Germany; Pepin received Neustria, Burgundy and Provence. They sought out the last of the Merovingian dynasty, and proclaimed him king of the Franks as Chilperic III. In 747 Carloman became a monk, while Pepin dethroned the feeble Chilperic and became king of the Franks, thus founding the Carolingian dynasty.]

When the Vandals, three hundred fifty years ago, turned over the Christian churches in Africa to the Arian heretics, the remains of Saint Augustine were removed from the city of Hippo to Sardinia; but in the present year they were translated to Pavia through the zeal of Luitprand, the Lombard king, and were interred in a magnificent place. The terrified Saracens then feared that the army of Charles (would come) within the Pyrenees.[The last sentence of this paragraph is not in the German edition of the .]