First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO CI recto

they were besieged and taken by the son with the help of his supporters, as the trustworthy historians Otto Friesingen and Gotfried Viterbius write. The same King Henry marched against Würtzburg (Herbipolim), deposed the bishop Erlongus and installed Robert. Afterwards he permitted the Saxons to return home, and with the Bavarians he captured the citadel at Nuremberg. After besieging it two months or more, he proceeded against Regensburg (Ratisbonam), the capital city of the dukedom of Noricum. He was followed by his father, who drove out the bishop Robert, and reinstated Erlongus. And he proceeded to Regensburg, and with assistance, drove his son out of that city, and installed Bishop Ulrich. With the Bohemians he destroyed the march of Theobaldus.[Henry IV frequently honored Nuremberg with his presence. This is the sovereign, who as emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, waited three days in the snow to kiss the excommunicative Gregory’s foot. On his last visit to Nuremberg Henry found his son in rebellion; and here the old king stopped to gather his forces. Nuremberg remained loyal to him and took his part, and for that reason the city was oppressed with a siege by the younger Henry in 1105. The citizens held out for two months; then came orders from the old emperor to capitulate. He had given up the struggle, and his son, as Henry V, succeeded to the Holy Roman Empire and to the possession of Nuremberg.] King Conrad the Swabian, who after the death of Lothair (Lothario) was declared Roman emperor, and who upon the advice of Saint Bernhard (Bernardi) undertook a campaign against the unbelievers, again built up the city; and he erected the estimable monastery and abbey of Saint Aegidius (Egidium), order of Saint Benedict, in one of the suburbs of the city. And through the subsequent help, revenues, and privileges of King Conrad and other Roman emperors the city again prospered.[With the death of Henry V in 1125 the Frankish line ended, for the Empire, though elective, always had a tendency to become hereditary. But now Lothair, Duke of Saxony, of another family, was chosen. He in turn was succeeded by Conrad in 1138. It is to the latter that the chroniclers attribute the foundation of the monastery of St. Aegidius on the site of the chapel said to have been built by Charlemagne.] But it is not to be understood that when first rebuilt, it was as large and beautiful as now; for later, in the time of Charles the Fourth, Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia, it was surrounded with more expansive walls, now battlements, and a deep moat; and three hundred and sixty-five towers, together with bastions and additional defenses, were added to the two inner walls. The city was also adorned with substantial residences. Nuremberg is in the heart or Germany. Under imperial laws it has the benefit of a council and a mayor, distinguished from the commons; for citizens of ancient and honorable ancestry have the care of civic matters, and the community awaits their judgment. It has large and elegant church edifices; two parish churches, St. Sebald[Sebald’s history and even his name are unfamiliar except to Nurembergers, of whose city he is the patron saint. Legend relates that he was born in the beginning of the eighth century, a son of an unnamed Christian king. In his youth he learned to love and fear Jesus, and at 15 enrolled at Paris as a student of theology, there eclipsing his older classmates. He returned home full of wisdom and honors, and was betrothed to a beautiful and virtuous maiden. But he left her and his parents for the life of a hermit. Fifteen years passed and he went to Rome from where the pope dispatched him to preach the gospel with Saints Willibald and Wunibald. And it came to pass that they were hungry and weary, exhausted by storm and wind. But on the prayers of Sebald an angel brought them bread. They journeyed to Vicenta, when Sebald, moved by the Holy Spirit, would go no farther, but abode as a hermit in the wood. His fame spread and people flocked to hear the Word of God from his lips. When an unbeliever scoffed at him, Sebald prayed for a sign, and the earth opened and the scoffer sank up to his neck. The hermit interceded for him and he was delivered, he and many other unbelievers immediately afterwards embracing the faith. Sebald left Italy for Ratisbona (Regensberg), bringing the gospel into the wilds of Germany; and there he stayed for a short time. As last he came to Nuremberg and settled there in the forest, in the heart of the Franconian people, teaching the Word of God and working miracles. At one time he sought shelter in the house of a poor but churlish craftsman. It was winter and the wind howled over the frozen marshes of the Pegnitz. He asked the man’s wife to bring in more wood for the fire, but she refused. Finally he asked her to bring the cluster of icicles that hung from the roof and to put them on the fire, if she would not bring the bundle of twigs to start the fire. This she did, and in answer to Sebald’s prayer, the whole bundle of ice was quickly ablaze. In the sight of this miracle the host gave the hermit a warmer welcome, and to make amends, left and bought some fish in the market, contrary to the regulations of the authorities, and, being caught, was blinded; but the hermit restored his sight. Many other miracles were attributed to the ashes and relics of this saint, which lie in the beautiful shrine of St. Sebald’s church. As Mr. Headlam in his observes, "Nothing in the Middle Ages was more conducive to the prosperity of a town than the reputation of having a holy man within its borders, the possession of miracle working relics of a saint. Just as St. Elizabeth made Marburg, so St. Sebald proved a potent attraction at Nuremberg . . . As early as 1070 and 1080 we hear of pilgrimages to Nuremberg in honor of her patron saint."] and St. Lorenz (Laurentio),[ St. Lorenzkirche (Church of Saint Lawrence), according to tradition, stands on the site of an older Romanesque chapel that bore the name of Holy Sepulchre. It was erected for the spiritual needs of the inhabitants whose houses first began to be built on this side of the Pegnitz. As it now stands, the church dates almost entirely from the latter part of the Middle Ages. It was begun in 1278 but not compuntil 1477. Its two towers are 250 feet in height and terminate in octagonal stories and spires. As the tope of the square portions of the towers are wide openings, divided by many mullions, suggesting the gridiron on which Lawrence was roasted. It is not clear why this church was dedicated to a Spanish saint.] as well as four well built monasteries of the order of the Mendicants, erected by the citizens at various times. The pious virgins have two cloisters here, dedicated to Saint Catherine and to Saint Clara. The German lords also have a large area in this city. Here is also a Carthusian monastery, large and magnificent; also a regal well-adorned structure to the most Holy Virgin Mary; and there is a beautiful spring in the marketplace. The city enjoys the patronage of St. Sebald, who in his lifetime brightened the city with his miracles. It is also fortunate in its possession of the royal robe, swords, scepter, and orb, and crown of Charlemagne, and which having been used in the crowning of a Roman emperor, inspire faith through their holiness and because of their antiquity. The city is also particularly fortunate in its possession of the unreplaceable divine spear with which the side of Jesus Christ was opened while on the cross; also with a remarkable piece of the cross, and with other relics esteemed by the entire world, and which, on the thirteenth day after the joys of Easter, have been seen for so many years by crowds of people from various provinces with the highest devotion. And so in its praise are added:

O extraordinary glory of Noricum[Noricum is the Roman name of the province in which Nuremberg is located. It is, of course, northeast of Italy.], peaceful Nuremberg,
As a city you are excessively celebrated, royal, and heavenly.
You are populated with men; you are the fairest of all things
And the parent of the virtues; you are a lover of religion.
You draw near to justice, sacred faith, and peace.
You guard before everthing else the ancient laws of your fathers.

Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is today the second town in Bavaria in size, and the first in commercial importance. It lies in the district of Middle Franconia in a sandy, well-cultivated plain, 124 miles by rail northwest from Munich. The city stands on the river Pegnitz, which is here crossed by 14 bridges. The first authentic mention of Nuremberg, which seems to have been called into existence by the foundation of the castle, occurs in a document of 1050; and about the same period it received from the emperor Henry III permission to establish a mint and a market. It is said to have been destroyed by the emperor Henry V in 1105, but in 1127 the emperor Lothair took it from the duke of Swabia and assigned it to the duke of Bavaria. An imperial officer, styled the burggrave of Nuremberg, became prominent in the 12th century. The town was ruled by patrician families. German monarchs frequently resided and held diets here, and in 1219 Frederick II conferred upon it the rights of a free imperial town.

Like Augsburg, Nuremberg attained great wealth as an intermediary between Italy and the East on the one hand, and Italy and northern Europe on the other. Its manufacturers were well known. The town gradually extended its sway over a territory nearly 500 sq. miles in extent, and was able to furnish the emperor Maximilian with a contingent of 6,000 troops. But perhaps the great glory of Nuremberg lies in its claim to be the principal fount of German art. Adam Krafft, Veit Stoss and Peter Vischer are famed as sculptors. In painting Nuremberg claims Wohlgemuth and Dürer. A large proportion of the old German furniture, silver-plate, stoves and the like was made in Nuremberg workshops. Its place in literary history it owes to Hans Sachs and the other meistersänger (master singers). The inventions of its inhabitants include watches, the air gun, gunlocks, the terrestrial and celestial globes and the art of wiredrawing.

Nuremberg was the first imperial town to embrace Protestantism (about 1525). The first blow to its prosperity was the discovery of the sea-route to India in 1497; the second was inflicted by the Thirty Years’ War, during which Gustavus Adolphus was besieged here for ten weeks by Wallenstein. The downfall of the town was accelerated by the illiberal policy of its Patrician rulers. In 1803 the city was allowed to maintain its nominal position as a free city, but in 1806 it was annexed to Bavaria.

A considerable section of the ancient walls and moat still remain; of the 365 bastions which formerly strengthened the walls, nearly 100 are still in situ, and a few of the old gateways have also been preserved. The general type of architecture in the city is Gothic. Most of the private dwellings date from the 16th century, and there are practically none of earlier date than the 15th century. The roofs are of red tile. The old castle is on the rock on the north side of the town and it dates probably from the early part of the 11th century.

The German edition of the Chronicle replaces everything from the phrase "on the thirteenth day…" until the end of the six-line poem in praise of Nuremberg with the following text: "and which are publicly exhibited at Easter time with great solemnity."

The foundation of the holy militant Church upon which the entire superstructure securely rests consists of the holy apostles, whom God chose as the first sacrifice for the salvation of all the people. They are the basic pillars of the Church, upon which rests that foundation of which Christ is the chief corner-stone; and without these no one can lay any other foundation. Thus the truth, formerly proclaimed by the law and the prophets, was now apostolically trumpeted forth for the salvation of the entire world. For it is written: Their voices have gone forth to all the world. From them the Church sprang and has been proclaimed to the ends of the earth in the words of the annunciation. By their teachings, miracles, examples, and by their blood they have established the church. For this reason they are deservedly called fathers, founders, builders, ordainers, shepherds, bishops, and pathfinders of the Catholic Church. And although the Lord intended to bestow the sacrament of this gift on all the apostles, he singled out the blessed Peter, and poured forth his bounty upon him as upon a single body; for Peter understood the secret intentions of God, who had revealed to him the indivisible unity. And so the Lord said, You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church. And so the building of the eternal temple, with its wonderful endowments and the grace of God, rested upon the blessings bestowed upon Peter. With this sanction he so enlarged the church that no human folly or daring has been able to circumvent it; and the gates of hell have not been able to prevail against it.

He (Jesus) said to them, But who do you say I am? And Simon Peter answered and said, You are the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answered and said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Bar-jona: for flesh and blood have not revealed it to you, but my Father who is in heaven. And I say also to you, that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatsoever you shall bind on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

(Matthew 16:15-19)

With this new apostleship Jesus gave him a new name – Peter, Greek for ‘stone’ or ‘rock.’

The expression "upon this rock I will build my church," has received many contradictory interpretations through the ages. The Church of Rome has made these words the basis of its claim that Peter was the first pope, and that the long line of popes created by it were his direct successors. It affirms that the rock is Peter individually; that the commission made him supreme apostle, with authority inherited from him by the bishops of Rome. But this is answered by the contention that each apostle was a rock and a recipient of the keys, and that all were co-equal in power; that were the authority given Peter alone, it must still be shown that this personal prerogative was among the successional attributes conferred upon him. Of course, there is no historical foundation for the claim that Peter was ever a bishop of Rome, and the pretense of a succession from him is mythical.