First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Pope Constantine (Constantinus), by birth a Syrian whose father was John (Ioanne), was a highly learned man and well versed in the Latin and Greek tongues. At the time he became pope there was a three-year-famine at Rome in which Constantine was such a comfort, help and support to the people, chiefly the poor, that they believed him heaven-sent. And because of his good reputation the emperor Justinian wished to see this pope. He sent ships with the request that the pope come to him. Now when Constantine approached the city, Tiberius (Tyberius), son of the emperor, with a large retinue, and Cyrus, the patriarch, with all the clergy, respectfully met him. And the emperor Justinian not only embraced the pope, but in a worshipful attitude kissed his foot. But later on, after said Justinian died, this pope declared Philippicus, the son of said emperor, a heretic. In a council the pope not only overthrew the contentions of the said Philippicus and of John (Ioannis), a monk, but also made known and ordained that the pictures of the holy fathers who were present at the six councils should be designed and painted in the vestibule of Saint Peter’s; for he had learned that these portraits had been disrespectfully scraped off the walls in the Church of Saint Sophia at Constantinople. This pope also ordained that the names of heretical emperors were not to be publicly or privately displayed, cast in bronze, silver, or lead. Constantine died in the seventh year and 20th day of his pontificate, and was buried in the Basilica of Peter on the third day of the Ides of February. The seat was vacant 1 month and 40 days.[Constantine I, pope from 705 to 715, was a Syrian by birth. He asserted the supremacy of the papal see, and at the command of the emperor Justinian II, visited Jerusalem. However, he rejected the overtures of the emperor, who favored the Monothelite doctrine, and endeavored to gain admission for it into Rome. All Rome was excited with zeal for the orthodox faith, and a picture of the six general councils was hung up at St. Peter’s. The name of the emperor was omitted in the public prayers. Civil commotion took place. In 713, however, Philippicus was murdered, and Anastasius, the new emperor, being orthodox, restored peace.]

Year of the World 5913

Year of Christ 714

Pope Gregory (Gregorius) the Second, a Roman whose father was Marcellus, was a pious and holy man, and so eloquent and well informed in the Scriptures that he easily overcame those who spoke evil of the Christian faith. In the beginning and before he was elected to the pontifical dignity, he was of such great integrity and faith, that he with others was taken to Constantinople by Constantine, his predecessor. When heated and important disputes took place concerning certain points in the faith, this Gregory answered them so smartly that everyone was amazed at his intelligence and wisdom in the Scriptures. And so he was elected pope to succeed Constantine, although some write that Stephen the Second succeeded the deceased pope. During his pontificate Gregory not only repaired the city walls, but made various improvements in the houses of God. He is also praised for having sent into Germany Boniface and others, through whom the Germans were led from darkness into the light of the faith. In accordance with a council which he held, he placed the ban of a heretic against the emperor Leo for destroying the holy images. After he had encouraged others to virtue and piety by his exemplary life, he died in the sixteenth year, ninth month, and 11th day of his pontificate, and was buried in the Basilica of Peter on the third day of the Ides of February. After his death the bishop’s seat was vacant 35 days. It is said that during his pontificate he created 148 bishops.[Gregory II, pope from 715 to 731, succeeded Constantine I, whom he accompanied to Constantinople in 710. To spread Christianity in Germany, Gregory gave special encouragement to the mission of a celebrated Anglo-Saxon monk, Winfred (afterward called Boniface), the apostle of the Germans, whom he consecrated in 722. He was a staunch adherent of the Eastern Roman Empire, which still exercised sovereignty over Rome, Ravenna, and other parts of Italy, and he impeded as far as possible the progress of the Lombards. About 726, however, he came into conflict with the emperor Leo, the Isaurian, on account of the excessive taxation of the Italians, and later because of his iconoclastic edicts. It was in the year 726 that the emperor issued the celebrated decree that no image, that is, statue or picture, of Christ, the angels, apostles, saints or martyrs should be worshipped or tolerated in his dominions. Gregory refused to enforce the decree, declaring the whole proceeding heretical, and admonishing every man against compliance with it. Leo endeavored to rid himself of the pope by violence, but Gregory, supported by the people of Rome, and by the Lombards, succeeded in eluding the emperor.]

Pope Gregory (Gregorius) the Third, a native of Syria whose father was Joanne, was an exceptional man of Scriptural wisdom and graciousness, and above all, highly versed in the Greek and Latin tongues. He was so well grounded in the meaning of the Scriptures that no one has been found to excel him in the interpretation of hidden and miraculous things. He was such a zealous protector of the true Christian faith that he aroused the ill will and powerful animosity of the great princes and lords; but he did not permit himself to be moved by threats or force of arms. Finally, he was so good that he comforted the poor and aided them in their physical necessities; and he was deservedly called a father and shepherd of the poor. From the moment his pontificate began, he held a council in which he excommunicated the emperor Leo the Third for the aforesaid reasons. He also erected a number of buildings and made improvements in the churches and fortifications at Rome; also erected monasteries and added rules for the monks. At last, well loved by God and men, he died in the tenth year eighth month and 24th day of his pontificate, and was buried in the Basilica of Peter on the 4th day of the Kalends of December mourned by all. The seat ceased (to be occupied) only eight days.[Gregory III, pope from 731 to 741, condemned the iconoclasts at a council convened at Rome in 731. He pronounced an anathema against all who should oppose the worship of the images of God, of Christ, his mother, the apostles, and the saints. In defiance of imperial authority Gregory set up in the churches at Rome the most costly images. In 732 or 733 the emperor Leo III equipped a powerful fleet to reduce the refractory Gregory and the rebellious Italian cities, but his fleet was wrecked in the Adriatic.]