First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Erfurt (Erfordia), the great and memorable city, the capital of the province of Thuringia, and by the ancients called Erphesfurt, has a high hill called Saint Peter’s. When the decline of the (Roman) Empire began from the time of Theodosius, the emperor, and under Arcadius and Honorius, the emperors, the Franks threw off the Roman governors from the Rhine toward Italy, and submitted themselves to the rule of a king of their own. When the Thuringians observed this, they elected as king, from another region to the east of the Rhine, and upon the advice of the king of France, Merwigus. He built a citadel on the same hill, and a castle at Erfurt, which is now the church of Saint Dionysius, and which the common man calls Merwisburg. After the death of this king, Bassinus received the sovereignty of Thueringia; and for him Childeric (Hildericus), the king of France, afterward provided a wife. During this time the village of Schildinorde was located where the Basilica of Saint Andrew now stands. In a marsh near the river Gera (which now runs through the city for almost half its length, and by the use of which the whole city is cleansed and beautified) a noted and renowned miller had a roadway. Said miller’s name was Erpff; and near his mill was a passage or ford. Now, when in the Year of Salvation four hundred thirty-eight, in the time of Clovis, king of the Franks, this city had its beginning, it was named Erffordia after the miller and the ford. The noble French king Dagobert (Tagoberto) during his reign made of the citadel on the hill a Benedictine monastery in honor of Saint Peter of the Order of Saint Benedict, after which the mountain of Saint Peter was named; and he also endowed Saint Gangolf’s Church. Later Boniface, the archbishop of Mainz, under Pepin (Pipino) the king of the Franks, converted Thuringia to the faith, and built a church to the glorious and perpetual Virgin Mary; and he established a bishopric there, which, however, was later absorbed by that at Mainz. Erfurt is situated in a good plain with fertile soil. It bears an herb called sandix and saponaria[Sandix, a kind of minium or red lead, made of ceruse, but inferior to the true minium. Saponaria, a European herb of the mustard family known in English as soapwort; a vespertine flower, and a common perennial plant from the carnation family. The scientific name Saponaria is derived from the Latin sapo (stem sapon-) meaning ‘soap,’ which, like its common name, refers to its utility in cleaning. From this same Latin word is derived the name of the toxic substance saponin, contained in the roots. It starts producing a lather when in contact with water. Saponaria also contains a blue dye obtained from its leaves. When mixed with dyer’s-broom, a shrubby plant yielding a yellow dye, it becomes a permanent green.] that is very useful in the dyeing of cloth. Through its fields flow the Gera and other rivers, whose moisture makes the region fruitful. About it is also an abundant pasturage. After the year one thousand sixty-six the city was surrounded with walls and bastions, and its size was greatly increased by the addition of residences and houses, and was improved by the beautification of its monasteries and churches. This city was the very famous seat of Thuringia, being situated in the center of the country and possessing an abundance of grain and other necessities. When the country and city were freed of tithes, they on that account suffered much ill will and had much to fear at the hands of the princes in the vicinity, particularly so in the time of Henry the Third. He built castles and great fortresses