First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

At this time a Jew stabbed the image on a crucifix, and blood flowed freely from it. It sprayed the Jew, and his footprints became bloody. Christians who saw them followed these bloody prints until they came to the bleeding image; and when they found it they stoned the Jew.

In the sixth year of Emperor Maurice so great a flood occurred that one might have believed it to be a second flood of Noah. The regions of Venetia, Liguria and other Italian provinces were so inundated that the streets and roads disappeared, and farms, meadows, villages and other human habitations were buried as in a sea. Many people and animals were drowned. At this time the river Athesis[The Athesis River is the Latin name for the river called in Italian Adige, which is found in the southern Tyrol and Upper Italy.] overflowed, and the waters reached the upper windows of the church of Zeno the martyr, located outside the walls of the city of Verona. This flood occurred on the 17th day of October. There also came hail, thunder and lightning, a condition that was almost incredible in the summer. At Rome the Tiber was enlarged to such proportions that the water flowed over the walls, and many areas within them were inundated. And a great dragon, together with many snakes, appeared in the regular watercourse, swimming down the Tiber through the city and into the sea. These disasters were soon followed by a plague which spared only a few of countless numbers. This plague first afflicted Pope Pelagius; and after his demise it spread among the people. Gregory was elected pope during this calamity; and he ordered a litany in seven parts. While one of these was being held eighty people died. He prescribed that seven choirs should participate in this procession: In the first were the clergy, in the second all the abbots and their monks, in the third all the abbesses and their congregations, in the fourth all the children, in the fifth all the laymen, in the sixth all the widows, and in the seventh all the matrons.

At this time the divine Gregory the Great sent Augustine, Miletus (Melitum) and John (Ioannem), and a number of other proved and worthy monks to England, and by these the English people were now for the first time fully instructed in our faith. And among these Englishmen these holy ones came to a blessed end.

At this time also the seamless garment of our Lord Jesus Christ, made by the Blessed Virgin Mary, and which had been given to one of the soldiers, was found in a marble ark in the city of Zaphat,[Probably Zephath, earlier name of a Canaanite town, mentioned in Judges 1:17, and which after its capture and destruction was called Hormah by the Israelites.] not far from Jerusalem, by Gregory, bishop of Antioch, Thoma, the bishop of Jerusalem, and John (Ioanne), the bishop of Constantinople. And after it was found they brought it to Jerusalem and laid it in an ivory ark, where it has been held in great veneration. It is said that when the city of Constantinople was lost, this coat passed into the control of the Turks.

Hermenigild (Hermigildus), king of the Visigoths, son of the king of Spain and the Visigoths, was at this time thrown into prison by his father Leovigild (Lemugildus), and afterwards heinously murdered because he had been converted from the Arian heresy to the true Christian faith by the learning and preaching of the Spanish bishop Leander. After Leander had converted this Hermenigild, the latter’s father persecuted Leander in many ways; and he killed Hermenigild, his own son. Angelic music was heard beside the corpse, and burning lamps were seen. After this the father became ill; and he recalled Leander in order to acknowledge his injustice and to seek forgiveness on account of his sin. And he made Richard (Ricardum), his second son, a king, urging him to become a true and righteous Christian.[Hermenigild, here called Hermigildis, was the son of Leovigild, here called Lemugildus, king of the Visigoths in Spain, and of Theodosia, or Theodota, the sister of Leander and Isidore, archbishop of Seville. Educated an Arian in 579, he married Ingunda, daughter of Sigebert, king of Austrasia; and this princess, aided by Leander, succeeded in converting the prince to the Catholic faith. Leovigild had given his son a portion of his states to govern, of which Seville was the capital; but when the son renounced Arianism his father threatened to despoil him. But the son refused to submit and found himself surrounded in Seville by his father’s forces. He fled to Cordova and then shut himself up in Osseto, where the father pursued him. The father sent his other son Recared to promise life if he would submit; and he submitted, but his father sent him in chains to the castle of Seville. When Easter approached, Leovigild sent an Arian bishop to promise pardon if his son would receive Holy Communion from the prelate’s hands. But again Hermenigild refused, and in a rage his father sent soldiers to kill him.]

    First Column
  • Basolus, abbot
  • Sindolphus, priest in France
  • Euthonicus, of Britain
  • Similianus, abbot
  • Wungalotus, priest
  • Gangericus, bishop of Cambrai
  • Furfrus, son of the king of Spain

    Second Column
  • Body of the blessed Stephen, the first martyr, is brought to Rome
  • Phara was a noble virgin
  • Walbertus was a disciple of Saint Columbanus
  • Deicola, disciple of Saint Columbanus
  • Cunbertus, bishop of Cologne, famous for his piety
  • Bavo, a robber who, after having been converted by Amandus, led the life of a hermit, under very severe penance, as an example and image of holiness to others


A Jew stabbing a crucifix: The crucifix is a wayside cross. The offender stands before it, piercing the side of ‘Christ’.