First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Boniface, the second pope of that name, a Roman whose father was Sigisbald (Sigisbundo), was pope after Felix, during the reign of Emperor Justinian; and (as some say) he was not elected without dissension and division; for Dioscorus was elected in Felix’s place. In this uproar the clergy were troubled for twenty-eight days, but the situation was finally relieved by the death of Dioscorus. This Boniface ordained that no one should nominate his own successor to Episcopal office; which was afterwards confirmed by many popes. He ordained that on the third day after the death of a pope, a new one should be installed. He segregated the clergy from the people when the godly office was being celebrated. He also forbade the summoning of a bishop before a lay judge, whether in civil or criminal matters. And when he had sat two years and two days he died and was buried in the Basilica of Peter. And the chair then rested for two months.[Boniface II (Bonifacius), pope from 530 to 532, was by birth a Goth, and he owed his election to nomination by his predecessor Felix IV, and to the influence of the Gothic king. The Roman electors had opposed to him a priest of Alexandria, called Dioscorus, who died a month after his election, and thus left the position open for Boniface. Boniface endeavored to nominate his own successor, thus transforming into law, or at least into custom, the proceedings by which he had benefited, but the clergy and the senate of Rome forced him to cancel this arrangement.]

Year of the World 5723

Year of Christ 524

John (Iohannes) the Second, pope, a Roman whose father was Projectus, was pope during the time of the emperor Justinian. In the beginning of his episcopacy he condemned the bishop Anthimus for his lapse into the Arian heresy. The emperor Justinian, to honor the Roman see, at this time sent two bishops to Rome with gifts with which to greet the Roman pope, these same gifts to be laid up as offerings at the Church of the Blessed Peter; namely, a golden cup set with jewels and weighing six pounds, two silver cups of twelve pounds and two silver chalices of fifteen pounds, This John (of whom historians have little to say) died after he had created fifteen priests and twenty-one bishops. He was buried in the Basilica of Peter on the sixth day of the Kalends of June. He sat two years and four months. The chair then rested six days.[John II, pope from 533-535, succeeded Boniface II. At the instance of Justinian he adopted the proposition unus de Trinitae passus est in carne (‘one of the Trinity suffered in the flesh’) as a test of the orthodoxy of certain monks accused of Nestorian tendencies.]

Pope Agapetus (Agapitus), a Roman whose father was Gordian, was made pope, and presently was sent by King Theodahad (Theodato) to the emperor Justinian to appease his wrath against Theodahad because the latter had caused Amalasuntha, mother of King Athalaric, to be exiled and slain. But as Agapetus was honorably received by the emperor and succeeded in making peace, he was asked by the emperor to confirm the doctrine of the Eutycheans. But as this holy man opposed this, the emperor threatened him; in consequence of which Agapetus said, I wished that I might come to the most Christian emperor Justinian, but I found Diocletian, an acknowledged enemy of the Christians. In resonse to such free speech and divine talent, Justinian was moved to adopt the true Christian faith, and to drive out Anthimus (Anthemio), the Constantinopolitan bishop and protector of the Eutychean heresy, and to put a true Catholic in his place, who would be consecrated by Agapetus. Before long Agapetus died at Constantinople. His body was brought back to Rome and buried in the Basilica of Peter. He sat eleven months and nineteen days.[Agapetus I, pope from 535 to 536, collaborated with Cassiodorus in founding a library of ecclesiastical authors at Rome. King Theodahad sent him on an embassy to Constantinople, where he died after have deposed Anthimus, the Monophysite bishop of that town, and ordained Mennas as his successor.]

Year of the World 5733

Year of Christ 534

Pope Silverius, of Campania, whose father was the bishop Hormisdas, was made pope at the command of King Theodatus, although this was never done before at the command of a king, but at the command of an emperor. However, the threats of this king exceeded all understanding and interpretation of the law; for at the instance of Vigilius, the Roman deacon and treasurer, he threatened the clergy with death. Under threats the empress Theodora, ordered Silverius to drive out Menas (Menna), the Constantinopolitan bishop, and to recall Anthimus (Anthemium). To this he was opposed. In response the empress wrote her general Belisarius to eject Silverius and to put Vigilius in his place. Belisarius, occupied in a war, referred the matter to his wife Antonina. Then Vigilius summoned several witnesses who accused Silverius of having planned to betray the city of Rome. In response Silverius was forced to give up the papacy and to enter upon a monastic life. He was exiled, and he died not without the blessings of piety after he had lived as pope one year, five months, and twelve days. The seat was vacant six days.[Silverius, pope from 536 to 537, successor to Agapetus I, was a legitimate son of Pope Hormisdas, born before his father entered the priesthood. He purchased his elevation from Theodotus, the Goth. He was one of those who six months later admitted Belisarius into the city. He opposed restoration of the patriarch Anthimus, whom Agapetus had deposed, and thus brought upon himself the hatred of Theodora, who desired Vigilius to be pope. He was deposed by Belisarius in 537, degraded to the rank of monk. He went to Constantinople, where Justinian entertained his complaint and sent him back to Rome; but Vigilius was ultimately able to banish his rival to Pandataria, where he spent the rest of his life.]

Pope Vigilius, a Roman whose father was a consul, was elected pope in the time of Justinian. The empress Theodora requested Vigilius to proceed to Constantinople to reinstate Anthimus (Anthemium). As he objected to this, he was taken to Constantinople, and there, because of his refusal, he was so severely beaten that he almost died; and he was led about the city at the end of a rope until the closing of the gates. After this he was imprisoned, and given only bread and water for a long time; and he was rendered so patient that when he was about to be commensurately punished, he said he deserved severer treatment. Later he was recalled, but died when he arrived in the city of Syracuse in Sicily, and his body was brought back to Rome and was buried with Saint Marcellus on the Salarian Way. He lived as pope seventeen years, six months, and twenty-six days.[Vigilius, pope from 537 to 555, succeeded Silverius, and was followed by Pelagius I. He was ordained by order of Belisarius while Silverius still lived. His elevation was due to Theodora, who had prevailed upon him to disallow the Council of Chalcedon in connection with the “three chapters” controversy. But he did not fulfill his promise, and was summoned to Constantinople. There he issued a document known as the , condemning the three chapters, but expressly disavowing any intention to disparage the council of Chalcedon. After some trimming, he prepared another document, , which was laid before the so-called fifth “ecumenical” council in 553, and led to his condemnation by the majority of that body, some say even to his banishment. Ultimately, however, he was induced to confirm the decrees of the council, and, after an enforced absence of seven years, he was allowed to set out for Rome; but he died at Syracuse on June 7, 555, without having reached his destination.]