First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Justin (Justinus) the Elder attained to the sovereignty 518 years after the incarnation of the Lord. He proved himself an earnest devotee and protector of the true Christian faith. Before long he sent his messenger to the pope to confirm the authority of the papal see and to assure peace to all the churches. To this emperor, Hormisdas the pop, sent the bishop and holy man Germaine (Germanus) concerning lapses in the faith; and he was kindly received; and through him many doubting persons were strengthened in the faith. He attained to the reputation of art industrious administrator of the faith, and through him the heretics were extinguished; and most important of all, all the Arians were driven out of Constantinople and their churches given over to the true faith. Therefore King Theodoric, as previously stated, persecuted Symmachus and Boethius, the Romans, and also Pope John. But divine vengeance quickly punished this cruel persecution, for on the 98th day after this event Theodoric died. His soul was seen between Pope John and Symmachus, the consul, by a hermit in the island of Lipara, sailing in the harbor of idolatrous god Vulcan not far from the residence of the hermit, and drowned. But after Justinus became a very old man and had carried the cares of the empire for eleven years, and had appointed Justinian (Iustiniano), his sister’s son to the sovereignty, he rested in peace at Constantinople.[Justin (Justinus) I, East Roman Emperor, 518 to 527, was born in 450 in Asia. He rose to commander of the imperial guards of Anastasius. On the latter’s death in 518 Justin succeeded in securing his own election. Being ignorant even of the rudiments of letters, Justin entrusted the administration of state almost entirely to his quaestor Proclus and to his nephew Justinian. In 519 he effected a reconciliation of the Eastern and Western churches after a schism of 35 years. In 522 he ceded to Theodoric the right of naming the consuls. On April 1, 527, enfeebled by an incurable wound, he made Justinian his colleague; on August 1st he died.]

Clovis (Clodoneus), the first Christian king in France, attained to the sovereignty after the death of his father Childeric, and he reined for 30 years. He was a mighty warrior, and for wife he won Clothilda (Crothildem), the daughter of Chilperic, king of Burgundy; for when he learned that this same Clothilda was beautiful, and that she excelled all other young maidens of her age in virtue, knowledge and rearing, he secretly sent messengers to find out whether she would marry him. She was informed of the king’s renown and the mightiness of his empire; and she assented, but upon condition that as she was a Christian, he should also become one. And although Clovis promised her that after talking the matter over he would receive baptism, yet because of his position he did not keep his word. However, he permitted his two sons by her to be baptized. Before long he began a war against Gundobaldus, his wife’s uncle, and the Burgundians; and in that war he took several cities. But the war was ended through his wife. And then he undertook a war against the Germans, who sent forth against him forces and arms not unequal to his own. But when in battle he saw his men in flight, he thought of the promise which, in spite of many reminders from his wife, he had failed to perform; and he attributed his defeat to this remissness on his own part. In consequence of that he praised the God of Heaven and Earth, whom his wife worshipped, and vowed that he would fulfill his promise should his forces defeat the enemy and attain the victory. Then his fortune turned to such an extent that the scattered and fleeing Franks drove the enemy into flight. When he returned home he, together with all his Franks, were baptized by Saint Remigius, the bishop, in the twenty-fifth year of his reign; and before long the kingdom of the Franks prospered, and the cause of the Christians was furthered. The Arians were driven out and the Christians reinstated. And the city of Paris was made the capital of the kingdom.[Clovis (Chlodovech in Frankish, Latinized as Chlodovechus, eventually transformed into Latin Ludovicus and, finally, French Louis), king of the Sabian Franks, was the son of Childeric I, whom he succeeded in 481 at the age of 15, but on his history until 486 the records are silent. In 486 he attacked Syagrius, a Roman general, who after the fall of the Western Empire in 476, had carved out for himself a principality south of the Somme. Being defeated Syagrius sought refuge with the Visigothic king Alaric II, who handed him over to the conqueror. It appears that Genevieve defended the town of Paris against Clovis for a long period. In 493 Clovis married a Burgundian princess, Clotilda, niece of Gundobald and Godegesil, joint kings of Burgundy. She was a Christian, and earnestly desired her husband’s conversion. He allowed his children to be baptized, but himself remained a pagan until after the war against the Alamanni, who at the time occupied the country between the Vosges and the Rhine, and the neighborhood of Lake Constance. Clovis attacked and defeated them in the plain of the Rhine. The legend is that in the thickest of the fight Clovis swore he would be converted to the God of Clotilda if that God would grant him victory. After subduing a part of the Alamanni, he went to Reims, where he was baptized by Remigius on Christmas Day 496, together with 3000 Franks. From that time the orthodox Christians in the kingdom of the Burgundians and Visigoths looked to Clovis to deliver them from the Arian kings. Clovis seems to have failed in the case of Burgundy, which was at that time torn between the rivalry of Godegesil and Gundobald. The former appealed to Clovis, who defeated Gundobald; but he had to retire without conquests. Immediately after his departure, Gundobald slew Godegesil and seized the Burgundian kingdom. Clovis was more fortunate with the Visigoths. By 506 he had completely subjugated the Alamanni. Now he marched against the Visigothic king, Alaric II in spite of the efforts of Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths, to prevent war. The entire Visigothic kingdom as far as the Pyrennes was added to the Franks’ empire, with the exception of Septimania, which, together with Spain, remained in the possession of Alaric’s grandson, Amalaric, and Provence, which was seized by Theodoric and annexed to Italy. The last years of his life Clovis spent in Paris, which he made the capital of his kingdom. Here he built the church of the Holy Apostles, known later as the church of St. Genevieve. By murdering the petty Frankish kings who reigned at Cambrai, Cologne and other residences, he became sole king of all the Frankish tribes. He died in 511.]

Amalasuntha (Amalasiuntha), daughter (of Theodoric) and now a widow, upon the death of Theodoric, the king of the Goths, who left behind no male heirs, inherited the kingdom with her son Athalaric. Since Athalaric was very young, all the cares of government rested upon the queen. She concerned herself with giving the child an education and training in good manners. She governed with earnestness to maintain their rule over the Goths, and beyond usual feminine custom employed wisdom and prudence. She corrected her father’s bad laws and restored to the children of Boethius and Symmachus their paternal inheritances which had been forfeited to the public treasury. But when the Goths proposed that their king should be taught chivalrous practices rather than letters, Athalaric, on account of the reckless abandon of his sexual life, contracted many illnesses and died at the age of seventeen. Amalasuntha, therefore, associated her friend Theodahad (Theodatum) with her in the government. He was very learned, but sluggish and slow in business and in the handling of civil affairs. Although he was taken into the sovereignty through the kind solicitation of the queen, he was ungrateful, causing her to be made a prisoner and sent away. By such faithlessness he distressed many Goths. Later he caused the queen to be slain, taking her daughter to wife and as an associate in the sovereignty. He reigned with her not over five years.[Amalasuntha, queen of the Ostrogoths (d.535), daughter of Theodoric their king, was married in 525 to Eutharic, an Ostrogoth who had previously lived in Spain. Her husband died, apparently in the early years of their marriage, leaving her with two children, Athalaric and Matasuentha. On the death of her father in 526 she succeeded him at Ravenna, acting as regent for her son; but being herself deeply imbued with the old Roman culture, she gave to that son’s education a more refined turn than suited her Gothic subjects. Conscious of her unpopularity she banished and later put to death three Gothic nobles suspected of intriguing against her rule, and at the same time opened negotiations with the emperor Justinian with the view of removing herself and the Gothic treasure to Constantinople. Her son’s death in 534 made but little change in the situation. Amalasuntha, now queen, invited her cousin Theodahad to share her throne. Notwithstanding a varnish of literary culture, he was a coward and a scoundrel. He fostered the disaffection of the Goths and either by his orders or with his permission Amalasuntha was imprisoned on an island in the Tuscan lake of Bolsena, where in the spring of 535 she was murdered in her bath.]

Dionysius, an abbot, a highly learned man, who was praised at that time at Rome for his computus, that is, he composed with amazing skill the calculation for when Easter will occur.[The computus (‘computation’) is the calculation of the date of Easter in the Christian calendar, one of the most important computations of the Middle Ages. Dionysius Exiguus (his surname means ‘very small’ or ‘meager’, i.e., ‘humble’), was a monk who took the existing Alexandrian computus and converted it from the Alexandrian calendar into the Julian calendar. His computus only lasted for 95 years. His greatest legacy was the creation of the Anno Domini (‘in the Year of the Lord’, or, better known in its abbreviation A.D.) era, which became widespread after the Venerable Bede employed it to date the events in his , written in 731.]

Severinus, the bishop of Trier, a man distinguished for every kind of holiness was famous at this time. And Saint Victorinus, bishop of Marseilles, who released the son of the king of Persia from the Devil; and Eutherius, bishop of Lyons.