First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

When the Jews were taken into captivity at Babylon with Jehoiachin (Joachim) king of Judah, the divine prophet Ezekiel, together with Mordecai (Mordecheo), was also taken there. In the eleventh year of Zedekiah, Jerusalem and the Temple were destroyed. Fourteen years later, Ezekiel had his vision of the future. The Temple, as the illustrations show, was made up of various houses, like a city. Its walls were fortified like those of a city. The mount on which the city was built was lower in the south than in the north. And the angel stood in the gate of the outer wall, and spoke; and he measured with a rod larger than an ordinary one. One side of the Temple faced east, another west; one north, the other south. In all there were three walls—inner, middle and outer. The space between the middle and inner walls was called the outer forecourt; and the space between the middle and outer walls was a place for the common people; for pagans also came to worship there. The whole square structure was built in part on level ground and in part on the slope of the mount. No distinction is here made in the illustration between elevated and level ground, but both are shown as one view. To clarify the matter, the first illustration is given.

In the middle of the outer wall to the east was an opening ten cubits wide; likewise in the second and third walls; and these gates faced each other. In the sides of the walls facing to the north and to the south were similar gates, as the second illustration shows.

Because of the slope of the mount, the east gate had steps; and so the common people of the city were obliged to ascend seven steps to the gate. The court before the opening in the middle wall had a width of five cubits from east to west, and a length of fifteen from north to south; and it also had a fore-structure at the opening of the middle wall, and it led from a part of the inner wall, over the middle, into the forecourt outside, eight cubits. And the height of the fore-structure was fifty cubits, measured from the ground. Beside the two small rear doors of the gate are two towers to adorn the entrance, which in case of the gates of a castle are called the foreheads (frontes). The towers are sixty cubits high and at their apex are carved knobs and palm leaves. Before those towers were six chambers. These details are illustrated by two drawings: The first, according to scale, shows the position of the gate, forecourt, chambers and front; the second, the elevation of the forecourt and the front of the east gate. The superstructure over the gate has two chambers, one above, the other below, with narrow windows. Behind the gate of the second wall, between the middle and the third wall, was a paved court, about which were thirty treasure chambers; ten to the south side, and containing one hundred cubits; four in part of the outer court, and four at another end of the same gate, and these, together with the gate, also contained one hundred cubits. The other two were at the chambers of the gate, against the east side of the inner court, one on either side. These, together with the chambers, contained one hundred cubits. To distinguish between the chambers and treasure chambers, the latter were red.[Ezekiel 40:6-19.] The gates to the north and south were like the east gate; and the appearance of the gates and forecourts was also similar to the inner and outer walls. Ingress to the front of the structure was by various gates. There they washed the tables of flesh to be used in the sin offering. Beside this were two walls, on either side of the entrance; and before these, in the fore-structure or forecourt, were two columns as in Solomon's Temple. However, the length of the walls of the Temple was one hundred cubits, the height one hundred twenty; the width within the walls, twenty cubits. The two walls contained twelve cubits; the pillars along the walls, ten cubits; the width of those before these, eight cubits; and the wall there about had ten cubits. Altogether, according to computation, this gives seventy cubits, as Ezekiel shows. After this, on the inside, was the Sanctum Sanctorum (Holy of Holies). The other part, on the inside, was called the Temple, as in the tabernacle of Moses the outer part was called the tabernacle. The wall, which was not very high and did not support upper chambers, divided the Sanctum and Sanctum Sanctorum. The length was twenty cubits. There were also six apses on the outside of the Temple toward the east. Also on the north side, which is much longer. Likewise toward the south, which has the same length, there were thirty apses. To the east there were none, for here was the entrance to the Temple. There were also columns outside the walls, as in other buildings, three toward the west, two on the ends, and one in the middle; and they were five cubits distant. They had holes in three ends, one above the other, wherein drains were laid, as prescribed. The first was six cubits from the ground, and likewise distant, one from the other; and so in the elevation of the walls of the Temple there were eighteen cubits. The lower chamber of the Temple to the first tabernacle was (as in the Temple of Solomon) thirty cubits; and so the light might come through the windows without hindrance, there remained ten cubits. Beside the Temple, to the north and to the south, were two buildings twenty cubits from the Temple walls. They were one hundred cubits in length and fifty in breadth. To make these matters understood, three drawings are given: The first shows the rear, according to ground plan; the second shows the front elevation; the third shows the elevations of the buildings to the north and south, which are alike. The altar was made in sections; the first, on the ground, called the foundation, was one cubit in height; the second, recessed by one cubit, was two cubits high and was called the small hole; the third, also recessed, was four cubits, and was called the great hole; the fourth, also four cubits high, was called Ariel (Arieb). So the height of the altar from the ground was eleven cubits. Water flowed as from three live springs from the Sanctum Sanctorum down through the Temple, slightly to the right; and from there down to the forecourt of the Temple, and then to the inner forecourt from west to east. Some say that the waters, before they flowed to the forecourt, were externally divided into four branches, and thereafter, as one stream, came from the inner walls of the east gate. Some disregard this theory. And so were completed the structure and appurtenances of the Temple. Now follows one illustration of the whole structure, which has already been shown in sections, according to the ground plan of all these things.