First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Strabo, a historian, geographer and philosopher, and also interpreter of Homeric majesty, was (as some say) a native of Crete and, as we discover by his works, highly renowned at this time. And as he was very highly educated and regarded as the most informed man in great things, he wrote, as evidence of his merit, 17 beautiful books on the geography of the world. In it the regions of the earth, which had been neglected or forgotten by reason of their antiquity, were carefully recorded and indicated. He very clearly placed before our eyes races, nations, history, mountains, and seas, and their location. He traced his maternal ancestry to the blood of Mithridates, the king. Since his most famous work was for a long time unknown to readers of Latin, Pope Nicholas V wished it to be translated in part by Gregory Tiphernas (Typernatem). The rest of the work is defective, namely (the section devoted to) Europe, and was rendered complete by Gregory of Verona (Veronensis).

Strabo, the geographer, was a native of Amasia in Pontus. The date of his birth was about 54 BCE. He lived during the reign of Augustus and in the early years of that of Tiberius. He is supposed to have died in 24 CE. Strabo received a careful education, and he studied grammar and philosophy under noted men. He lived at Rome for a number of years, and traveled much in various countries. He wrote a historical work in 43 books, which is lost. He also wrote his celebrated Geography in 17 books, which has come down to us almost complete. As he himself states, his works were not intended for all persons, but for those of good education, and particularly for those in higher departments of administration. He is not given over to minute descriptions except when place or object is of great interest or importance. His descriptions are not limited to physical characteristics, but his work comprehends the important political events of which each country has been the theater, a notice of the chief cities, and the great men who have lived or worked there. It is a sort of historical geography intended for reading, and the language is generally clear. The first two books are introductory, containing Strabo's views on the form and magnitude of the earth, and other subjects connected with mathematical geography. In the third book, he begins his description. Eight books are devoted to Europe, 6 to Asia, and the 17th and last to Egypt and Libya. The work is in striking contrast to that of Ptolemy, and the dry list of names, occasionally enlivened by something added to them, in the geographical portion of the Natural History of Pliny. Although Strabo saw a comparatively small portion of the regions that he describes, he had traveled much. As he states himself: "Westward I have journeyed to the parts of Etruria opposite Sardinia; towards the south from the Euxine to the borders of Ethiopia." His geography is the most important work on that science which antiquity has left us.

The last two sentences of this paragraph are not in the German edition of the Chronicle. Pope Nicholas V asked Guarino (Guarinus) of Verona in the middle of the 15th century to translate them from Greek into Latin. Guarino then translated the first ten books, while the remainder were translated by by Gregory (Gregorius) Tiphernas (also known as Gregorio da Città di Castello). Guarino finished his translation in 1458 (two years before his death).

Anna, a Hebrew woman, daughter of Issachar (Isachar) the Jew, was given in marriage to Joachim, holiest of men and of her own tribe. After having been barren for a long time and without offspring, and having offered up many prayers and lamentations, Anna bore Mary, the future mother of God, according to angelic annunciation. Soon after the death of her husband Joachim, Anna married another man, named Cleophas, who betrothed Mary, his stepdaughter, to Joseph, and his own daughter Mary to Alpheus (Alveo); and out of her were born James Alpheus, Simon (Symon) the Canaanite (Chananeus), and Judas Thaddeus. After the death of her second husband, Cleophas, Anna was married a third time, according to the laws of Moses, to Salome. And by him she bore a third daughter, Mary Salome, who married Zebedee and by him begot James the Greater and John the Evangelist. Anna had a sister, named Ismeria, of whom was born Elizabeth, the mother of John the Baptist. Having walked in the commandments and ways of the Lord all her life, Anna, full of the days, now rested in the Lord.

Zacharias (Zaharias), Hebrew priest from the village (or course) of Abia[Zacharias was a priest of the course of Abia (alternative spelling: Abijah), the eighth of the twenty-four courses who ministered at the Temple in turn.] and prophet of the Lord, father of Saint John (Johannis) the Baptist, and a paragon of holiness, married Elizabeth, the sister of the mother of the Virgin Mary. Both women were very pious in their innocence, goodness and grace. They had been barren for a long time, and Elizabeth had reached old age, and her womanly potency had ended. But the Lord was moved by her prayers, and finally gave her a son, John the Baptist. While Zacharias was performing his priestly office, and had ignited the sacrifice, and was alone in the Temple, he perceived an angel at the right of the altar; and he was frightened. But the angel spoke: Fear not, your wife will bear you a son in the following year, and you will rejoice in his birth, and he shall be great before the Lord. Wine and all intoxicating liquor he will shun. Then Zacharias said, I am now old, and my wife is beyond her days. And the angel said this sign of disbelief, You shall not speak until all those things have been performed. When Zacharias left the Temple he was not able to speak to the people, and they perceived that he had seen a vision. He departed to his own house; and soon Elizabeth conceived, and for five months she hid herself for shame. In the sixth month Mary the Virgin and mother of the Lord, who had conceived by the Holy Ghost, went to Elizabeth to greet her. And when Elizabeth received Mary's greeting, the unborn child exulted for joy in its mother's womb. Afterwards Elizabeth bore a son, and her neighbors and relatives rejoiced with her. On the eighth day when the child was to be circumcised, they nodded to the father what he wanted him to be called. And he, taking up a reed pen, wrote, John is his name. And his mouth was opened, and he prophesied: Blessed is the Lord God of Israel, etc. Finally he died in all holiness as a prophet.[Luke 1:36-68.]

Mary, most blessed and highly esteemed Mother of God, and Virgin everlasting, out of the root of Jesse, was born to Joachim and Anna, her father and mother, at Nazareth in Judea, in the 28th year of the reign of Augustus. She was a girl most refined, and in the eyes of all men worthy of admiration. After her mother had weaned her, and she had reached the age of three, she was given to the service of the Temple with other maidens according to a solemn vow. Contrary to the usual course of childhood she excelled her playmates in nobility and elegance, and from youth acquired a knowledge and understanding of religious life by example and study. In a brief while she exceeded all other pious virgins in holiness and in the practice of a spiritual life, as well as in humility in divine and human matters. For this reason God chose her to be the mother of his incarnate son. At the age of thirteen, through divine inspiration, she was married to Joseph, a man of her own family. Soon after the marriage the angel Gabriel came to her at Nazareth, and he appeared to her in her bedchamber, in a great light, and paid her homage, greeting her with these words: Hail, you that are highly favored, the Lord is with you. And he said further: You have found favor with God; truly you shall conceive, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name Jesus. And in response to these things Mary answered: Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it to me according to your word. And at once the word became flesh. And as soon as these things had been done, she went to visit Elizabeth at her home, where she stayed with her for three months. And Mary sang that wonderful song: My soul magnifies the Lord.[Luke 1:28-55.] After John was born, Mary, now pregnant, returned to her own house. And Joseph learned that she was with child, and decided to secretly leave her. But while he was thus thinking (as Matthew states), the angel admonished him in a dream that what she had conceived was of the Holy Ghost.[Matthew 1:18-24.] The rest of the events in the life of the most blessed Virgin Mary, up to the time of the sufferings of her son, can be gathered from the Gospels.