First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Augusta Vindelicorum (Augsburg) is a famous and ancient city in upper Germany. Some who believe this city was of ancient origin say that the Swabian people descended from Japheth[Japheth was the son of Noah.], who first inhabited this region and there built this city, where one may easily enjoy an abundance of water, a wholesome climate, as well as other things of comfort and necessity. When the Swabians (Suevi) came there and saw that it was a desirable region due to the fact that two very swift rivers, the Wertach (Vinde) and the Lech (Lici) here came together, and that it was a natural stronghold, they first built the city there; and they named it Vindelicum for these two rivers. The same region, as far as the Alps, was formerly called Vindelica. All the mountains to the east and south were occupied by the Rhaeti (Rheti) and the Vindelici, as Strabo states. This same city, according to an ancient custom, they surrounded with a moat. Now since the warlike women, called the Amazons, afterwards entered Europe under their queen Marsepia, and with unusual weapons and implements of war drove the Swabians out of this city, and forced them into the mountains, and laid the city waste (which occurred before the destruction of Troy), it is reckoned that the city existed before Troy, and was built in the time of the exodus of the children of Israel from Egypt, and five hundred fifty years before Rome was built. Some say the city was built by the Trojans. And they chose for themselves the goddess Ziza, whom they believed to be Ceres. After the same goddess the city was named Zizaria. Her temple remained there intact until the time of the Romans, when it fell into ruin. And the city bore the name of a mountain that to this day the inhabitants of Augusta call the Eisenberg. The city was afterwards protected by the Rhaeti and the Vindelici with walls, turrets and other defenses; and it endured much war at the hands of the Romans. These people always loved freedom and therefore held themselves aloof from the Romans. At a later date the Divine Augustus Octavian sent Titus Ennius, the praetor, with the Marcian Legion, and other generals, against them. In this legion Avar Bogudis, the king's son, a youth trained in weapons among the Greeks and Latins, and Varus (Varro), a tribune of the soldiers, became famous.[It is ironic that nothing is known of Avar Bogudis, who became famous in this battle. But see further the note below.] These besieged the city in the late summer with a large force of Romans, and harassed it in many ways. In this storming Avar the Greek was slain, and he was buried in the village of Criechsaueron. The following inscription has been found indicating his origin and his end. The praetor also perished together with his Marcian legion so that few survived that battle who could tell what had taken place. And the destroyed legion gave to the region where the defeat occurred the name that now in the middle of the city is called Perleich.["Destroyed legion" in Latin is perdita legio. The first two syllables of each Latin word, per and leg, were believed to be the components making up the name Perleich.] Thus it is written. The hill here indicates by its name the Roman disaster where the Marcian Legion at once utterly perished.[This sentence and the one that precedes it are not in the German edition of the .] Varus (Varro), whom they called Verres,