First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
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Agrippa Colonia (Cologne), which is situated on the left bank of the Rhine, is highly renowned for its location, its river and its people. Some say it was called Agrippina, but now is called Colonia. It is a city of rich fields in Lower Germany situated next to the banks of the Rhine. According to Sicardus Cremonensis it was founded by and named after Colonus, a Trojan, in the time of the Trojan Aeneas. After the people called the Ubii[The Ubii were German people who originally dwelt on the right bank of the Rhine, but were transported across the river by Agrippa in 37 BCE, at their own request, to escape the hostilities of the Suevi. They took the name of Agrippensis, form their town Colonia Agrippina.] were driven out by the Suevi (Swabians), the city was built up and taxed by command of Claudius, the Roman emperor, who was the husband of Agrippina. He called the city Agrippa after his wife's family. And so the people called the Ubii began to live there. However, the real and creditable writers of history say that M. Agrippa was the founder of the city. And although he constructed many buildings in the city as well as on the outside, he regarded this city as the most worthy of them all, and gave it his name. He was considered an excellent and worthy master-builder and warrior. The emperor Augustus selected him from the entire world for his beloved, and only, and revered daughter. He set this very wealthy city against Trier with the intent to suppress and to eliminate the enmity and dissensions of the Gauls. Long afterwards Hilderic (probably Childeric), the king of the Franks, drove Egidius, the friend and ally of Rome, out of the city, and settled Frenchmen there. After this colonization he gave the city the Latin name of Colonia. Some say the city was a Roman colony. While it was an ally of Rome it was consumed by a destructive fire. It had a Capitol building and other structures, in the Roman manner, of which a few are still at hand. It had a Capitol of the same construction as that of the Romans, except that in place of the senate there (i.e., in Rome) that debates councils of peace and war, here (i.e., in Cologne) highly renowned youths and maidens, in eternal unity, sang nightly praises to God. There (Rome) is the shrieking sound of wheels and weapons and the groans of captive men. Here is quiet and the voices of those who are joyful and telling jokes. And, finally, in that place (Rome) marches war, and in this place (Cologne) marches the triumphant bringer of peace.[This sentence and the two that precede it are not in the German edition of the , and are only slightly modified versions of sentences from Petarch's 1333 letter to Cardinal John Columna in (see note on Colonia Agrippina below).] In the midst of the city one sees the most beautiful, though incomplete, temple, which they called the Highest. Here lie also the bodies of the Three Holy Kings, brought there in three stages from east to west. And, as we read, they honored the Heavenly King in the manger with gifts. This is a free and archepiscopal capital city. The archbishop is an elector of the Holy Roman Empire, having a vote in the choice of the Roman emperor. Many persons flourished there in the arts and in holiness, such as Saint Severinus, himself a bishop there; and Albertus Magnus, whose body lies with the Order of the Preachers; also here ended their lives fifty of the host of Thebes; and Ursula with the 11,000 virgins, and various other persons there earned the crown of martyrdom. Also admirable is how much hope and civic-mindedness are there in that city; and how much seriousness