First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO XC recto

Herod, son of Antipater, received the kingdom of Judea from the Romans, and he reigned 37 years. Antipater, during the time of Sabinus, the governor of Syria, was a man so renowned for his virtues that he merited a royal mate, and married a woman of royal Arabian blood. Of her there were born to him four sons, namely, Phasael (Phaselus), Herod, surnamed Ascalonitas, Joseph (Josippus) and Pheroras (Feroas); and a single daughter named Salome. Afterwards he was destroyed by poison and Phasael, his first born, was slain. But Herod fled to Antony, and was soon afterwards crowned king of Judea. In addition to this Augustus gave him Trachonitis[Trachonitis, or Trachon, is the northern district of Palestine beyond Jordan, and lies between Antilibanus and the mountains of Arabia. It was bounded on the north by the territory of Damascus, on the east by Aurenitis, and on the south by Ituraea. Gaulanitis lay to the west of it. Trachonitis was for the most part a sandy desert, intercepted by mountains where caves gave refuge to murderous bands of robbers.] (Traconitidem) and Ituraea[Ituraea, or Ityraea, is a district on the northeast borders of Palestine. It is bounded on the north by the plain of Damascus, on the southwest and south by Gaulantis, and on the east by Aurenitis and Trachonitis. It was inhabited by Arabian people of warlike and predatory habits, which they exercised upon the caravans from Arabia to Damascus, whose great road lay through this country. Augusuts gave Ituraea, which had been hitherto ruled by native princes, to the family of Herod. It was a country of open villages and tents, set up according to the Arab fashion of living.] (Ituream), and the whole region by the sea. At Ascalon[Ascalon was one of the chief cities of the Philistines, and is situated on the coast of Palestine between Azotas and Gaza.] he built a royal residence; and after this he was called Ascalonitas. By birth through his father he was an Idumaean, and by his mother, an Arabian. As the birth of Christ our Lord approached, the kingdom and the priesthood of Judea declined in the course of its passage from one heir to another; and so the prophecy of Moses was fulfilled, which was to the effect that there would be no end to the princes of Judea until he comes of whom it is beholden; and he will be the expectation of nations.[] Now when Herod had received the kingdom, he built Samaria from the ground up; and he called it Augusta in honor of Caesar Augustus. Against the wishes of the Jews, he placed a golden eagle over the gate of the Temple. And he also made the Herodion in which he is buried. The Temple he adorned most magnificently. Finally, in year 26 he slew Hyrcanus, the high priest, and his son who was to have succeeded him in the priesthood. And he did the same thing to his own sister, his wife and her two young sons, and his mother. He also murdered his sister Salome's husband, and married her to another. And him he also killed. And with a similar crime he murdered all the scribes and the interpreters of the divine law. And finally, when this most murderous man learned of the birth of Christ through the three kings, he caused all the boys at Bethlehem to be slain with swords. However, he was soon visited with a serious sickness, in consequence of which worms issued from his entire body; and thus he gave up his miserable soul. Five sons survived him, namely, Archelaus, Herod Antipas, Antipater, Lysanias, and Philip. Of these, four each, as the gospel says, received a share in the kingdom.

Antipater, the governor of Idumaea, was the father of this Antipater, the procurator of Judea, who married Cryspos (Cypros), an Arabian woman by whom he had four sons and a daughter: Phasael, Herod the Great, Joseph, Pheroras, and Salome. Phasael (Phaselus) died in captivity in 40 BCE. Herod the Great, second son, was married five times and there was issue of each marriage as follows:

  1. Doris, by whom he begot Antipater, who was put to death in 4 BCE.
  2. Mariamne (granddaughter of Hyrcanus II), by whom Herod the Great begot:
    1. Aristobulus, who married Bernice (daughter of Salome) and was put to death 6 BCE. Of this marriage were born:
      1. Herod Agrippa, who married Cypros, daughter of Phasael and Salampsio, and died in 44 CE. Of this marriage were born: (a) Herod Agrippa II, king of Chalcis, who died in 86 or 90 CE; (b) Mariamne; (c) Berenice, who married Herod, king of Chalcis, and later Polemon, king of Pontus; (d) Drusilla, wife, firstly of Azizus, king of Emesa, and secondly, Felix, by whom she bore Agrippa (who died in 79 CE); and (e) Drusus, who died young.
      2. Herodias, who married firstly Herod Philip, and secondly, Herod Antipas.
      3. Aristobulus, who married Jotape, princess of Emesa.
      4. Herod, king of Chalcis.
    2. Alexander, who married Glaphyra, daughter of Archelaus, king of Cappodocia, and was put to death in 6 BCE. Of this marriage were born:
      1. Alexander
      2. Tigranes, king of Armenia
    3. Salampsio, who married Phasael, her cousin.
    4. Cypros, who married Antipater, the son of Salome.
  3. Mariamne (daughter of Simon the high-priest), of whose marriage to Herod the Great was born Herod Phillip, who married Herodias, but who divorced him. Of this latter marriage a Salome was born.
  4. Malthace, a Samaritan who bore Herod the Great the following:
    1. Archelaus, king of Judea, deposed in 4 BCE and died in exile. He was married to Glaphyra, widow of Alexander.
    2. Herod Antipas, tetrarch of Galilee and Persaea, who died in exile. He was married to Herodias, wife of Herod Philip.
  5. Cleopatra (of Jerusalem), last wife of Herod the Great, who begot Phillip, tetrarch of Ituraea.