First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Lyons (Lugdunum), is a city of Transalpine Gaul near Vienne. According to Eusebius it was founded by Munatius (Numantius) Plancus[], a very famous student of the orator Cicero, during the time of Octavian Augustus on an elevation at the confluence of the Saone (Arar) and the Rhone (Rodanus). Franciscus Petrarch writes that it was a royal residence of the Romans and somewhat older than the city of Cologne (Agrippa). Here, the famous rivers Saone and Rhone come together and run into the Mediterranean Sea. The inhabitants call it Sona (Saone?). According to Strabo, for a long time this city excelled all other cities in Gaul with the exception of Narbonne in the number of very renowned and illustrious men. In time commerce developed, and this remains an important part of the city today. Its Roman leaders struck gold and silver coins at the command of Augustus. At public expense all Gaul erected a temple where these rivers meet in honor of the same emperor. Here also is a small temple of artistic workmanship with the names of 60 peoples inscribed on it, and a statue of each one of them. This city was once the capital of the Segusiani[The Segusiani were one of the most important peoples of Gallia Lugdunensis, bounded by the Allobroges on the south, by the Sequani on the east, by the Aedui on the north, and by the Averni on the west. In the time of Caesar they were dependent on the Aedui. In their territory was the town of Lugdunum, the capital of the province.], whose territory was between the Rhone and the Dabudis. The other people in the direction of the Rhine are separated from them partly by the Dabudis and partly by the waters of the Saone. These same rivers after falling from the mountains unite and run into the Rhone. And the Rhone, again rising up, is carried to Vienne, chief city of the Allobroges. And it is established that these three rivers have their sources in the north, then flow to the west, and finally become one river that proceeds to the south and becomes predominant because of other rivers flowing into it. And from here it directed its remaining stream into the sea. But the temple and the entire region, as Seneca writes to Lucillus, were destroyed by a swift fire in his time. Some people include this city among the Celts. There Plotinus, who first taught Latin rhetoric at Rome, was born. It was from him that Cicero, with his brother Q. (Quintus), as a boy at Rome first learned his knowledge of Latin. There Saint Augendus was noted for his life and miracles. There Saint Desiderius was bishop, and Saint Baldomerius, whose many miracles make the city famous. There Romanus was abbot, who first lead the life of a hermit and became the father of many monks. The city was also graced by Saint Nicecius the bishop, and by Hyreneus, the bishop who was a disciple of Saint Polycarp (Policarpus) who was crowned there with martyrdom. In that city was Domicianus the abbot, Lupus the bishop and anchorite, and Antiochus the bishop, all of whom are now resting in the Lord. Justus, also, a man closest to the angels, concluded his life there. This famous city for a long time was subject to the kings of France, who established annual merchants' fairs there. To this place Pilate and Herod (so it is said) were banished by the rulers of Rome and ended their lives without honor. Lugdunum (as some maintain) is named for Caesar's lugda legion, for lugda in the Gallic language means the same thing as lightning. This legion was accustomed to stay in these regions throughout the winter. And so also, as Tacitus states, a certain Roman legion was quartered among the Spaniards, and it was called by those naming it the Violent One (Rapax), in order to frighten the people. For those are names that almost scare by their sound.

Lyons (Lugdunum) was the chief city of Gallia Lugdunensis, situated at the foot of a hill at the confluence of the Arar (Saone) and the Rhodanus (Rhone). It is said to have been founded by some fugitives from the town of Vienne, farther down the Rhone. In 43 BCE Lugdunum was made a Roman colony by L. Munatius Plancus, and became under Augustus the capital of the province and the residence of the Roman governor. Being situated on two navigable rivers, and being connected with the other parts of Gaul by roads, which met at this town as their central point, it soon became a wealthy and populous place, and is described by Strabo as the largest city in Gaul next to Narbo. It received many privileges from the emperor Claudius, but was burned down in the reign of Nero. It was, however, soon rebuilt, and continued to be a place of great importance until 197 CE, when it was plundered and the greater part of it destroyed by the soldiers of Septimus Severus, after his victory over his rival Albinus in the neighborhood of the town. From this blow it never recovered, and was more and more thrown into the shade by Vienne. Lugdunum possessed a vast aqueduct, of which the remains may still be traced for miles, a mint, and an imperial palace, in which Claudius was born, and in which many of the Roman emperors resided. At the tongue of land between the Rhone and the Saone stood an altar dedicated to Augustus by the different states of Gaul. Lugdunum is memorable in the history of the Christian church as the seat of the bishopric of Irenaeus, and on account of the persecutions which the Christians endured here in the second and third centuries.

The last sentence of the paragraph devoted to Lyons is not in the German edition of the Chronicle. It is, in fact, a very slightly modified line of Ovidian verse (Heroides 13.54): nomina sunt ipso paene timenda sono.