First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Florence (Florentia), the noblest and most distinguished city among the cities of Etruria (Ethrurie), is said to have had its origin with the coming of the soldiers of Sulla (to whom this land was assigned by Sulla). And because they took their first dwellings at the flowing waters of the Arno, from that, at first, they suppose the city was called Fluentia. And Pliny (who first makes mention of this region) says the Fluentini were located beside the flowing Arno. These soldiers came there six hundred and sixty-seven years after the founding of the city of Rome. Thus Florence seems to have had its beginning around eighty-three years before the advent of Christ our Lord. This city of Florence was founded by the Fiesoleans (Fesulanis) on the shores of the river Arno, and the ancients called the city Fluentia; but after the city became prosperous and had wonderfully increased in size, and excelled all other cities in the same neighborhood in power, strength and possessions, it was more appropriately called Florence (Florentia), rather than Fluentia. In the time of the Goths the city was powerfully attacked, for Totila overran and devastated it. But Charles the Great rebuilt it; and he increased it in size and surrounded it with fortifications, and endowed it with esteemed liberties and civic regulations. After Florence, by force, annexed the Fiesoleans in the year 1024, it greatly increased in riches and honor. In the same year Emperor Henry I built the Church of San Miniato, by the walls of Florence. From nearly that time the city began to be governed just as it is today by the Priors of the Guilds and by the Standard-bearers of Justice. In this city is found, among many other unbelievable adornments, the celebrated cathedral dedicated in honor of the glorious Virgin. In the fourth year after that was begun a palace, equally superb, which the Priors inhabit; and after that, in the fifth year (1071) an orchard was planted, and the walls were enlarged; while above the Church of St. Lawrence on the banks of the river, the city was permanently enclosed. Thirty-one years later a marble tower, a beauty among the bell-towers of the world, was erected. And there also the index finger of the forerunner (of Christ) is held in very great veneration; and in his honor a very famous building, in a rather crowded part of the city,