First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Seleucus Ceraunus, the second of the name, the fifth king of Syria, reigned two years. He conducted a large naval expedition against the states that had seceded from his father; but he lost all his ships in a storm, from which he survived with only his bare body and a few companions. After this shipwreck he was defeated by Ptolemy Euergetes and driven toward Antioch. There he sought help from his brother Antiochus. But Antiochus was only 14 years of age, and being concerned for the welfare of the kingdom, Seleucus placed himself at the head of the kingdom on the pretence of protecting the realm.[Seleucus III (226-223 BCE), surnamed Ceraunus (Greek for ‘thunderbolt') was the eldest son and successor of Seleucus II. The surname was given him by his soldiers, apparently in ironic derision, as he appears to have been feeble both in body and in mind. He was assassinated by two of his officers, after a reign of only three years, and was succeeded by his brother Antiochus the Great.]

These two brothers, Antiochus the Great and Seleucus Ceraunus, both reigned. They wished to avenge the blood of their father and of Onias, whom Euergetes the king of Egypt had slain. Therefore they sent a large and mighty army against Philopator, the son of Euergetes. But Seleucus died before the war began; so Antiochus carried on the war, in the course of which he was compelled to flee and lost almost his entire army. Later, however, he assembled another force against Epiphanes, the son of Philopator and who was then but a child four years of age. Among many others he had with him Philip, the king of the Macedonians. And he prevailed against the generals of the boy Ptolemy (Epiphanes). And Scopas, his (the child's) general, fled. And he captured Judea and many other cities. But as he was unable to defeat the Egyptians by force of arms, he cunningly married off his daughter to Epiphanes, so that he might come into the kingdom as a friend. His scheme was, however, suspected and forestalled.

Antiochus, called the Great, and the fourth person of that name, was the sixth king of Syria. He reigned 36 years. He defeated Ptolemy Philometor. Being very powerful and abundantly wealthy, he caused his soldiers to wear trousers of gold. Hannibal (Annibal) Penus surrendered to him through fear of the Romans, the city of Carthage, and allied himself with him. But the Romans would not endure the excessive pride of Antiochus and Hannibal; and so they sent L. Cornelius, the consul, and Scipio, surnamed Nasica and Africanus, as emissaries; and they defeated Hannibal and fought Antiochus to the point of suing for peace with the Romans. This was granted him on condition that he leave Europe and Asia and keep himself within the limits of Mt. Thaurus, and, with 20 persons pledged as hostages, pay ten thousand talents annually. But, through greed for treasure he was afterwards lured into Persia by the priests, who killed him in the Temple of Fortune, cut him to pieces limb by limb and cast him out of the temple.[Antiochus (III) the Great (223-187 BCE), second son of Seleucus Callinicus, took the throne on the death of his brother Seleucus Ceraunus at the age of 15. He warred against Ptolemy Philopator, king of Egypt, to obtain Coele-Syria, Phoenicia and Palestine, but was obliged to cede these provinces to Ptolemy after his defeat at Raphia near Gaza, in 217. In 205 he renewed his war against Egypt with some success. In 198 he conquered Palestine and Coele-Syria, which he afterward gave up as a dowry with his daughter Cleopatra upon her marriage with Ptolemy Epiphanes. In 196 he crossed over to Europe, taking possession of the Thracian Chersonese. This brought him into conflict with the Romans, who demanded that he restore the Chersonese to the Macedonian king. He refused to comply, and in this was seconded by Hannibal (Barca) who arrived at his court in195. Hannibal urged him to invade Italy at once; but Antiochus did not follow this advice. It was not until 192 that he crossed over into Greece. The Romans defeated him in 191 and he was compelled to return to Asia. The following year he was again defeated by the Romans under L. Scipio and compelled to sue for peace, which was granted in 188, on condition of his ceding all his dominion east of Mt. Taurus, paying 15,000 Euboic talents within 12 years, giving up his elephants and ships of war, and surrendering the enemies of Rome; but he allowed Hannibal to escape. In order to raise the tribute money, he attacked a wealthy temple in Elymais, but was killed by the people of the place in 187. He was succeeded by his son Seleucus Philopator.]

Seleucus, who was also know as Philopator, the seventh king of Asia and Syria, reigned 12 years, and was a mad, unreasonable and ill-tempered man. He sent Heliodorus to steal the treasures of the Temple. He judged unrighteously, and through the angels he was so chastised that he was barely restored by the prayers of Onias. Since this one left behind no son as his successor, he considered Antiochus, the brother whom he ridiculed, his successor.

Seleucus IV, surnamed Philopator, was the son and successor of Antiochus the Great, ascending the throne without opposition in 187 BCE. However, the defeat of his father by the Romans, and the ignominious peace that followed it, had greatly diminished the power of the Syrian monarchy, and the reign of Seleucus was feeble and inglorious. After a reign of twelve years he was assassinated by one of his own ministers, Helidorus, who conceived the idea of possessing himself of the sovereignty. The true heir, in fact, was Demetrius, the son of Seleucus (the chronicler is incorrect; he did leave an heir behind), now being retained in Rome as a hostage. The kingdom was thus seized by the younger brother of Seleucus, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, even though an infant son, also named Antiochus, was formal head of state for a few years until Epiphanes had him murdered.

The last sentence in the mini-biography on Seleucus IV is not in the German edition of the Chronicle.

The seven sons of Maccabeus, with their mother and Eleazer and many others, crowned with martyrdom. Before the incarnation of the Son of God, as martyrs they suffered intense pain unto death for the sake of the laws of God.

In the 19th year of Epiphanes was that victory of the Jews over Antiochus the Great about whom is said in 2 Maccabees: Having been delivered by God out of great dangers, we give him great thanks, forasmuch as we ourselves have fought against such a king.[The quote is from 2 Maccabees 1.11. This paragraph is not in the German edition of the .]

Eleazar in the Year of the World 5009.[This sentence is not in the German edition of the .]

Simon, son of Onias the high priest, 12th high priest of the Jews, sat (in office) for twelve years. He was a pious man, and is much praised in Chapter 50 of the Book of Ecclesiasticus. He improved the Temple and enlarged the city, brought salvation to his people, and saved them from injury. He finally died, leaving his son Onias as his successor.

Onias the Great, son of Simon, attained the office of high priest and held it for 29 years. Due to the oppressions of the tyrant Antiochus, he and many Jews fled to Egypt; and there he built a temple in likeness of the Temple at Jerusalem; by doing this he committed a great sin. He died and left a son who was still an infant.

Simon was the son of Onias, and he secured the priestly office after the flight of his father. When the prince of priests died, he left three sons, Onias, Jesus, and John, who came to three principalities of the priesthood.

Onias the Pious was a holy man, pleasing to God and mankind. He was finally slain by Andronicus; but the king, distressed by the death of this most righteous man, caused the murderer to be seized, stripped of his purple robe, and to be beaten with until he died.