First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO LXXV verso and LXXVI recto

The Lineage of the Priests is here continued from FOLIO LXV verso:

  1. Jaddua (Jadus);
  2. Onias (Onyas), son of Jaddua. New portraits, in each of which the priest wears a mitre with crown superimposed. Each has a sceptre. Why the crowns are introduced is not clear. Neither was a king and neither holds an orb.


To the Lineage of Christ, here continued from Folio LXIV verso, is now added Achim (Achym), who is not mentioned in the text. Achim is an abbreviation of Jehoiachim, the name of an ancestor of Jesus, in the genealogical register five degrees removed from Joseph (Matt. 1:14). He is there mentioned as Achim, son of Sadoc, with whom the line ended at Folio LXV verso.


The Monarchy of Alexander the Great is represented by a genealogical arrangement of vines, of which he is the central figure. With long hair and unkempt beard, wearing an odd felt hat of many folds, and in full medieval armor of an ornate pattern, he stands astride a branch. His left hand rests on a pointed shield that he holds in position on the ground before him. It is emblazoned with three bells, probably just the random notion of the woodcutter. In his right hand Alexander holds a heavy branch, which proceeds to his right shoulder, there branching off into two forks, the first branch proceeds to the left terminating with:

  1. Antigonus, who firmly holds one of the extremities of the vine in his right hand; his sceptre is in his left. He is bearded, weary looking old man, and wears a crown. He was a son of Philip II, and a brother to Alexander. As one of the generals of the latter he received a substantial portion of Alexander's empire upon his death.
  2. Seleucus I holds the other extremity of the fork, as though about to break a wishbone with Antigonus. It will be remembered Seleucus was a son of Antiochus, an officer of distinction under Philip II, who accompanied Alexander in his Asiatic campaign. On the division of the empire after Alexander's death, Seleucus was rewarded with a great part of Asia Minor, and thus became the founder of the Syrian monarchy. He is here represented crowned, and with sceptre in hand. Below Seleucus is his son and successor.
  3. Antiochus Soter, second king of Syria.

The second branch proceeds over Alexander's head to the opposite Folio (LXXVI recto) to

  1. Ptolemy Lagus, surnamed Soter, commonly called the son of Lagus, a Macedonian of ignoble birth. He was the first Ptolemy of Egypt. Being a friend and able general under Alexander, he shared as such in the partition of his empire; and thus he became the king of Egypt. In his right hand he holds one of the branches that proceeds from the hand of Alexander. He wears a crown and carries a sceptre. After a long reign he abdicated in favor of his son.
  2. Ptolemy Philadelphus, portrayed just below his father.

The main branch on which Alexander stands proceeds to

  • Olympias and Nectanabis (Nectabanus), respectively the mother and putative father of Alexander. According to the chronicler Nectanabis became enamored of Olympias, the wife of Philip, and in the latter's absence, taking on the form of a serpent, took advantage of Olympias. The birth of Alexander was the result. In this dual portrait the mother of Alexander appears with crown and sceptre, and a branch proceeds from her waist to Alexander. She has the appearance of a very weak and distressed woman. Behind her stands Nectanabis, pointing a finger at the queen.

Philip of Macedon, who looked favorably upon Alexander, even though not his own son, is portrayed by a separate and distinct woodcut set beside his spouse though not directly connected with Alexander.


The Greek Philosophers are here continued from Folio LXXIV verso as follows:

  1. Demas.
  2. Quintus Curtius.


Battle of the Sun and Moon. The former is shining forth in all its heated glory, while the moon, a narrow crescent (and there is a "Man in the Moon"), seems to be giving up the battle in the torrid heat of the sun.