First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

After the people of Israel returned from Babylonia (Babilone) their leaders were Jeshua (Ihseus) the high priest, who was the head, and Zorubbabel (Zorobabel), who was the prince. This arrangement was adhered to until the time of Herod, the high priests being supreme and the princes being subordinate to them. However, according to the prophecy of Jacob, the princes were selected from the tribe of Judah: The scepter will not be taken from Judah, nor the leader from his thigh.[Genesis 49:10, substituting only the singular for ‘thigh' (femore) for the Vulgate's plural (femoribus).] They came in great numbers to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple. They gathered together the people of the entire country and built an altar on its former site, and kept the feasts of the tabernacle. He (Jeshua?) began to rebuild the Temple, but he died soon afterwards.[The gathering of the people under Jeshua and Zorobabel after their return from the Babylonian captivity, the erection of the altar, and the festivities in celebration of their homecoming are set forth in Ezra 3:1-11.]

Salathiel (Salatiel) (in the Year of the World 4634)[The phrase in the parenthesis is not found in the German edition of the .] was a son of Jeconiah (Iechonie), king of Judah. He was born to him after the Babylonian captivity, as Matthew the evangelist states.[Shealtiel, also called Salathiel, was the father of Zerubbabel (Ezra 3:2; Neh. 12:1; Hag. 12:1, 12, 14; 2:3, 23). According to Chr. 3:17, Shealtiel was the eldest son of king Jeconiah. According to Matthew and Luke (Matthew 1:12; Luke 3:27), he was one of the ancestors of Jesus.]

Joakim (Joachim), the priest, was a son of Jeshua the high priest. As Josephus states he was also called Josedech. Haggai (Aggeo) and Zechariah (Zacharia) prophesied in the time of Zorubbabel, and assisted him in rebuilding the city and the Temple. After the Temple was completed they observed the Passover with countless sacrifices.[Neh. 12:10, 26 and Ezra 5:1.]

Zorubbabel (in the Year of the World 4659)[The phrase in the parenthesis is not found in the German edition of the .] dedicated the Temple according to the commandment of God. Afterwards he was highly regarded by the Jews for a long time; and he was made a prince of the people by King Cyrus. He was the first to bring the Jews out of Chaldea and back into their own land. With the permission of Cyrus he began the erection of the Temple.[Zerubbabel, or Zorobabel, son of Shealtiel, of the royal race of David, held an official position at Babylon and was the leader of the first colony of Jews that returned from the Babylonian captivity in 536 BCE. Cyrus committed to his care the sacred vessels of the Temple, with which he returned to Jerusalem, with valuable gifts of gold and silver, goods and beasts; and with Jeshua the high priest, and perhaps with the prophets Haggai and Zechariah (Ezra 1:11). He had also a royal order for the timber and stones needed for the rebuilding of the Temple. He laid the foundations of the Temple and restored the worship of God with the usual sacrifices. He completed the Temple four years later, restored the courses and maintenance of the priests and Levites, and secured a registration of the returned Jews. The genealogy of both Joseph and Mary is traced to him (Matthew 1:13; Luke 3:27).]

We have nothing from Abiud (in the Year of the World 4709)[The phrase in the parenthesis is not found in the German edition of the .] and his descendants to the time of Joseph, except what Matthew has recorded. Therefore we are certain of nothing except that Abiud begot Eliakim, who begot Zadoc (Sadoch) &c., as Matthew testifies in the beginning of his gospel.[Matthew 1:13-16.]

Haggai (Aggeus) is the eleventh of the prophets, and he wrote his book of prophecies at this time. He recorded the return of the people, the building of the Temple, the renewal of the city, and the laws of the priesthood. He died soon after the Temple was built, and was buried in the graves of the priesthood.[Haggai is one of the minor prophets. He probably accompanied Zerubbabel in the first return of the Jews from Babylon 536 BCE. He prophesied in the second year of Darius Hystaspis (BCE 520), urging his countrymen to resume the building of the Temple, which had been interrupted for about 14 years, and was at last suspended. The Jews became indifferent, and excused themselves from building until the end of the 70 years. Haggai's reproof aroused them for a time, but they soon became despondent, and he was charged with a second message of encouragement.]

Malachi (Malachias) the prophet was renowned at this time; and Malachi (which means angel) was the name given him because of his good life; for when he prophesied, the angel of the Lord came and spoke the same words.[Malachi (messenger of Jehovah) was the last of the minor prophets. He probably prophesied about 416 BCE, at a time of great disorder among the priests. He reproves the people for taking strange wives, for inhumanity to their brethren, for divorcing their wives, and for neglect in paying tithes and first fruits. He also inveighed against the priests. Christians believed that he foretold the coming of John the Baptist and the two-fold coming of Jesus.]

The Hellespontian (Sibyl)[The Latin edition of the inexplicably leaves out the word ‘Sibyl' (found to her left in the woodcut—Sibilla Helespo(n)ti(n)a—and included in the German edition.] was born in the land of Troy. She was clad in old peasant dress, an old veil upon her head, hanging down upon her shoulders. She speaks thus: From the heights of heaven he looked down upon the humble, and in the last days he will be born of a Hebrew virgin and will lie in a cradle.


The Priestly Lineage is resumed at this time from Folio LV verso, which there ended with Jozadak (Josedech). We resume as follows:

  1. Jeshua (Jhesus), son of Jozadak.
  2. Joakim (Joachim), son of Jeshua.


Lineage of Christ is resumed from Folio LX verso which there concluded with Zedekiah (Sedechias), and is now resumed as follows:

  1. Salathiel or Shealtiel (Salatiel), son of Jeconiah.
  2. Zorubbabel (Sorobabel), son of Salathiel.
  3. Abiud, son of Zorobabel.

(C) PROPHETS (Concluded)

The Prophets, who are continued from Folio LXI verso, as follows:

  1. Haggai (Aggeus), eleventh of the minor prophets.
  2. Malachi (Malachias).


The Hellespontian Sibyl (Sibilla Helespo(n)ti(n)a) is represented by a new woodcut which is described in the text. The Sibyls began at Folio XXXV verso, where eight were shown. At Folio LVI verso another was added; and here we have the tenth.