First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Toulouse (Tolosa), a city lying within the mountainous regions of Gaul, was founded by the Trojan, Tolosus. Now when the Romans took the city, they established themselves there in residence and improved it with a large market-house, capitol, and other buildings, of which some are still to be seen there. It lies near the Narbonensian city which was built by the associates of Aeneas, and is not far from Aquitania and the Sonciatic[The Senones are probably here meant. They were a powerful people in Gallia Lugdunensis, who dwelt along the upper course of the Seine. Augustus divided Gaul into four provinces – Gallia Narbonensis, the same as the old Provincia; Gallia Aquitania, extending from the Pyurennes to the Loire; Gallia Lugdunensis, the country between the Loire and the Seine and Saone – so called from the colony of Lugdunum (Lyon); and Gallia Belgica, between the Seine, Saone and the Rhine.] people. Here Paulus, the disciple of Saint Paul, performed miracles and rests in peace. It is a capital city, and through Pope John XXII was first endowed as an archbishopric. Castles were erected there, and the city became subject to the arch-episcopal jurisdiction. It is subject to the king of France. A university has also been built there. Here also is the body of Saint Saturninus and various relics of the apostles, which are held in great veneration. He was the first bishop there. He was taken by the pagans and thrown down all the steps from the top of the capitol building, and his head was crushed, his brains were beaten out, and his whole body was torn to pieces. And so at this place he breathed out his worthy soul to Christ.[Toulouse (Tolosa), a town of Gallia Narbonensis, was situated in Garumna, near the Aquitanian frontier. It was subsequently made a Roman colony, surnamed Palladia. It was a large and wealthy town, and contained a celebrated temple in which it is said there was deposited a great part of the booty taken by Brennus, leader of the Senonian Gauls, from the temple at Delphi. Town and temple were plundered by the consul Q. Servilius Caepio in 106 BCE; but the subsequent destruction of his army and his own unhappy fate were regarded as a divine punishment for his sacrilege. The city stands on the right bank of the Garonne, and is the capital of the department of Haute-Garonne in southwestern France. The church of St. Sernin, or Saturnin, whom legend represents as the first preacher of the gospel in Toulouse, where he was perhaps martyred about the middle of the third century, is the largest Romanesque basilica in existence, being 375 feet in length by 210 feet in breadth. In the crypts are many relics, which, however, were robbed of their gold and silver shrines during the Revolution. Toulouse is the seat of an archbishopric, a court of appeal, a court of assizes, and a prefect.]

Tours (Turo), a capital of Gaul, was built by Brutus, king of the Britons. He named it Turon after his grandson Turnus, who was there slain in battle by Aewalfredo (Gualfredo), Duke of Aquitania. It is a great industrial city on the river Loire (Liger), which divides the Bituriges[The Bituriges were a numerous and powerful people in Gallia Aquitanica, and in early times were supreme over the Celtic tribes of Gaul.] from the Hedius(?). Above it is a sea that gives it shipping advantages. It is also an arch-episcopal seat, to which eleven other bishops, chiefly in Celtica, are subject. And although the region retains the tribal name of Brittany, yet it lies in the kingdom of France. Although the city is very rich and has many estates, it also contains many ordinary buildings. It had many excellent and virtuous men, renowned for their piety. One was the most holy bishop Martinus, who awakened three persons from the dead. Another was Perpetuus, also a bishop of marvelous holiness.[Tours (Turo, but correctly Turoni), on the Loire River, was originally called Altionos, and later Caesarodunum. It was the chief town of the Turones, a people in the interior of Gallia Lugdunensis. Tours became Christian about 250 CE through the preaching of Gatien, who founded the bishopric. When Gratian made tours the capital of Lugdunensis Tertia, it became an archbishopric. In the fifth century the official name of the city was changed to Civitas Turonorum. It fell to the Visigoths in 473, and later became part of the Frankish dominion under Clovis. The arts flourished in tours during the Middle Ages. In the 17th and 18th centuries it was the capital of the government of Touraine. Balzac was a native of Tours. Today the city, a university town, is noted primarily for its medieval cathedral (Cathedral of St. Gatien, also known simply as Tours Cathedral) and its central position in the heart of the Loire Valley with its numerous chateaux.]

City of Tolosa (Toulouse

The city is represented by a woodcut that has also done service for Troy (Troya) at Folio XXXVI recto.