First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO L recto

Jericho, at one time a royal residence and celebrated city, has now become a little village. It lies in a very beautiful region in the valley of the Jordan. It has about eight houses. All evidence of its holy character has entirely disappeared. The Holy Scriptures state that the Lord did much in Jericho. He miraculously broke down its walls, and caused Joshua to pronounce a curse against anyone who should rebuild them.[Josh. 6:26.] Rahab the prostitute was of this city.[Rahab, Josh. 2:8-23; 6:17-25.] And there Christ was given lodging in the house of Zacchaeus.[Zacchaeus was chief revenue officer of the district. (Luke 19:1-9) ] There also bears tore asunder those who mocked Elisha the prophet. In this city the Lord made the blind to see.[Matt. 20:24-34; Mark 10:46-52; Luke 18:35-58.] Near it was a garden of balsams, of whose delights something has been written. This valley with its adjacent mountains which enclose it like a wall, covers an area of 200,000 jugera.[The Latin edition of the uses the word >jugera; the German, morgen. It is a Roman land measure, corresponding to our acre. But the Roman has 28,800 square feet, equivalent to 240 feet in length by 120 feet in width; while the English and American statute acre contains 43,560 square feet, or 4,840 square yards, or 160 square rods. The English and American rod is 5½ yards in length; so the square rod has 30.25 square yards.] Therein is a grove widely renowned for its fruitfulness and its delights. The balsam trees resemble pines, but are lower in stature.[The balsam or balm grows to a height of 12 to 14 feet. It belongs to the evergreen family. The resin that it produces is exceedingly odoriferous. It was anciently found in Judea and particularly in Gilead, from whence the Ishmaelites carried it as merchandise to Egypt. It was reckoned very valuable in the cure of external wounds, and was known as "the balm of Gilead."] They are grown like the vineyards. Although the sun is hottest in this region, the atmosphere is moderated by the shade of these trees.[Jericho is a very ancient city mentioned in the Old Testament as well as the New. It is situated in the valley of the Jordan, about five miles west of the river, and six or seven miles north of the Dead Sea. The portion of the plain on which it stood was noted for its fertility, being watered by a large spring, called the "Fountain of Elisha." Jericho is first mentioned as the city against which the Israelites were encamped before entering the Promised Land. (Deut. 34:3; Num. 22:1; 26:3). The town was of considerable size, strongly fortified, and a royal seat. Spies were sent into the city and received by Rahab the harlot. The wall fell after being encompassed seven days. A curse was thereafter pronounced against anyone who should rebuild it (Josh. 6:26). This curse was fulfilled upon Hiel, 553 years later (I Kings 16:34). In spite of many conquests, Jericho continued to flourish. The city is mentioned 56 times in the Old Testament and 7 times in the New.]

As Elijah wandered about with his disciple Elisha, they came to the river Jordan. And as Elijah struck the waters with his mantle, a path was formed, and they went through the middle. Thereupon Elijah asked Elisha to express a wish before he (Elijah) was taken away from him. And he prayed Elijah to give him a double portion of his spirit, that is, to do miracles, and to prophesy. And Elijah said, if you see me when I am taken from you, you shall receive it. And while they thus talked to one another, a fiery chariot appeared, with fiery horses. And Elijah stepped in the chariot, and was taken up into heaven, that is, into the earthly paradise. There he will stay, alive, with Enoch, up to the time of Antichrist. Then he will depart from there to preach. And Elisha cried, my father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof, etc. And he took hold of the mantle that had fallen from Elijah, and returned to the Jordan. And he struck it with the mantle a second time; and the waters parted. And he went to Jericho to live there. At the request of the inhabitants he cured the evil waters of the region with a new jar containing salt, which he let down into the waters, making them fresh and good. And he went up from there to Bethel, and the children laughed at him, and said, go up, you bald head. And he cursed them, and two bears came and tore 42 of the children.[] Elijah, the greatest prophet of his time, was, during this period, thus taken away from the people. Nobody saw the end. During his lifetime he worked many miracles; and he was like a burning fire, and his words like a flaming torch. Finally, in the presence of Elisha, he was carried to heaven in a whirlwind, and he left Elisha behind in his stead.


Jericho is represented by a woodcut 5"x 8-⅞". The place has the appearance of desolation. Before us are the city walls and gate. In the distance are the ruins of what was probably a castle or fort. Except for a few trees and shrubs, the landscape is barren, the city deserted. The woodcut is here used for the first time.


(B) The Ascension of Elijah is represented by a woodcut approximately 5-1/4" square. The prophet is leaving the earth in a fiery four-wheeled box-shaped wagon, resembling those used by children at play. The vehicle is rather diminutive in comparison with its load. The horses disappear in a cloud of fire. Elijah looks back at Elisha who has seized the mantle of his master.