First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Azariah, son of Obed, was a prophet and flourished at this time. He prophesied from prison. He went forth to meet Asa, the king. The king was encouraged by his words; and he was warned to abolish idolatry from the land of Judah and Benjamin.[He met Asa's victorious army at Mareshash and urged them to begin religious reform. (II Chron. 15:1-8)]

Zimri (Zamri), a king of Israel, annihilated the house of Baasha; but Zimri was before long himself defeated by Omri (Amri), who afterwards ruled in his place.[Omri was one of the most important kings of Israel and the founder of a dynasty. He was one of the generals of the army under Elah, son of Baasha. This king was assassinated by Zimri, another officer of the army who usurped the throne. Omri was at the siege of Gibbethon at the time, and his troops acclaimed him king in the place of his rival. A civil war of some duration followed. The forces of Omri marched forth to Tirzah, where Zimri resided, and captured it. Zimri set fire to the house he occupied and was consumed. The Israelites were then divided into two parties; but after a short struggle Omri prevailed and for a time occupied the old capital Tirzah. In the sixth year of his reign Omri built Samaria, which thereafter became the capital of the ten tribes. The prophet Micah (Micah 6:16) speaks of the "statutes of Omri," and denounces them. They were probably of an idolatrous character. Omri subdued Moab to Israel. The Assyrians first became acquainted with Israel in the time of Omri, and they called the country "the land of the house of Omri," even after the extinction of his dynasty. The length of his reign is stated to have been twelve years.]

Elijah (Helia) the prophet, though prayers brought about a drought of three years upon the land; and he was fed by a raven at the brook Cherith (Carith). The raven brought him meat and bread early and late. He was also fed at Zarephath (Sareptana) by a widow who still had a small quantity of flour, which never grew less. And he raised her son from the dead.[] On Mount Carmel, before the assembled people, he caused the fire of heaven to come down upon the sacrifice, something which the 400 priests of the idolaters could not accomplish; and he slew them.[I Kings 18:19-40.] Therefore Jezebel pursued him, and Elijah fled into the wilderness. An angel appeared to him as he slept under a juniper tree. And the angel awakened him, and urged him to eat the bread which he had brought him; by the strength of which Elijah journeyed 40 days unto Mount Horeb.[I Kings 19:1-8.] And from there he went to Damascus. Thereafter the Lord drew him up into heaven by means of a whirlwind.[]

Obadiah (Abdyas), one of the twelve prophets, was a steward of the house of Ahab (Achab), king of Israel. Now when the queen, Jezebel (Jezabel)[Jezebel was a daughter of Ethbaal, king of Tyre, and previously high priest of the Tyrian Baal. She was the wife of Ahab, the king of Israel, of the dynasty of Omri. Her influence in the land of Israel, particularly in combating the religion of Yahweh in the interests of Baal worship, was exercised not only during the twenty-two years of Ahab's reign, but also during the thirteen years of the rule of her sons, Ahaziah and Joram. Moreover, this influence extended, though in a less degree, to the Southern Kingdom of Judah, where Athaliah, the daughter of Jezebel, seems to have followed in the footsteps of her mother (II Kings 8:18). In her strength of character, her lust for power, her unshrinking and resolute activity, her remorseless brushing aside of everything and anything that interfered with her plans, she was the prototype of Catherine de Medici. In the Old Testament, the figure of Jezebel is presented in connection with some dramatic episodes—such as the account of the trial of strength between the prophets of Baal and Elijah (I Kings 18:19 to 19:3); the narrative about Naboth and his vineyard (I Kings 21:1-16), and, as illustrating her obstinate and unbending character to the very end—note particularly her words to Jehu in II Kings 9:31, and the story of her death in II Kings 9:30-37.], Ahab's wife, slew the prophets of the Lord, Obadiah hid fifty from among them in one cave, and fifty in another; and for this he earned the spirit of prophecy.[I Kings 18:4.]

Ahab, the sixth king of Israel, chiefly because of the influence of his wife, Jezebel, exceeded all his predecessors in wickedness. Finally he was wounded in battle, and died. Jezebel was the daughter of the king of Sidon, and a symbol of wrath. She killed Naboth and the prophets of the Lord, but was herself slain by Jehu and eaten by dogs.[]

Micaiah or Micah (Micheas), a prophet out of the tribe of Ephraim (Ephrem), often reproved Ahab for his sins, and prophesied to him that he would die; and so in a war against Syria, he was shot to death while alone on a chariot.

Micaiah, or Micah, the son of Imlah, is called by Ahab, at the request of his ally, Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, to prophesy the result of a projected expedition against the Syrians, and he foretells the disaster which will befall them if they go up to Ramothgilead to battle. But Ahab, king of Israel, and Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, nevertheless gave battle there.

And a certain man drew a bow on a whim, and struck the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: and so he said to the driver of his chariot, Turn your hand, and carry me out of the battle; for I am wounded. And the battle increased that day: and the king remained in his chariot against the Syrians, and died in the evening; and the blood ran out of the wound into the midst of the chariot. . . So the king died, and was brought to Samaria; and they buried the king in Samaria. And one washed the chariot in the pool of Samaria; and the dogs licked up his blood; and they washed his armor; according to the word of the Lord which he spoke.

I Kings 22:34-38

Ahaziah (Ochosias), the seventh king of Israel, sent (messengers) to Beelzebub, the local deity of Ekron (Accaron)[Ekron was the most northerly of the five cities of the Philistines, in the lowlands of Judah. It is now called Akir and is on a hill 12 miles south of Joppa.], to learn whether he would get well again. But he died as Elijah had prophesied. He began to reign in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, and he left no son. Joram, his brother, succeeded him in the kingdom.["Ahaziah, the son of Ahab, began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel." (I Kings 22:51) "Then Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick, and he sent for messengers and said to them, Go, enquire of Beelzebub the god of Ekron whether I shall recover of this disease. But the angel of the Lord said to Elijah the Tishbite, Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say to them, Is it not because there is not a God in Israel, that you go to enquire of Beelzebub the god of Ekron? Now, therefore, thus says the Lord, You shall not come down from that bed on which you now are, but shall surely die. And Elijah departed. (II Kings 1:1-4) "So he died according to the word of the Lord which Elijah had spoken. And Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son." (II Kings 1:17)]

Jonah (Jonas), the son of Amittai (Amathi), was a brilliant prophet, and prophesied many things that are not here related. He was thereafter sent to Nineveh, as is related in his book. While still a child he is said to have been awakened from the dead by Elijah. He was swallowed by a whale. By his dangerous sea voyage he presaged the sufferings of Christ.[Jonah, the prophet, was the son of Amittai. Nothing certain is known of his history except his autobiography, contained in his own book. According to the biblical text bearing his name, he was sent by God to Nineveh, the metropolis of ancient Assyria, to preach repentance, and to announce the city's impending doom. For a reason not mentioned until the conclusion of the Book of Jonah—the fear that God would repent of his purpose—he refused to obey; and in order to escape from the immediate jurisdiction of God, he took passage at Joppa for Tarshish (Tartessus in Spain), in a heathen ship. A great storm arose, and the crew holding him responsible for this misfortune to their craft, cast him overboard. He was swallowed by a whale, but after three days and nights he was spewed up on land.]

Jehoram (Joram) was besieged in Samaria by Benhadad; but he was relieved by the efforts of Elisha. He began to reign in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat the king, in the place of his brother Ahaziah. But thereafter he followed in the wicked ways of Jeroboam, and was slain, together with all his father's house, by Jehu; although for many years he had observed the laws of God and ruled his subjects justly, and had held Elisha the prophet in honor and respect. The Moabite king made war upon his kingdom and overthrew and plundered it.[Jehoram of Israel, was a son of Ahab, and came to the throne after the brief reign of his brother Ahaziah. The first thing that claimed his attention was the revolt of Moab. This he endeavored to suppress, and with the aid of Jehoshaphat of Judah, he obtained some successes; but in the end the allied forces retreated without having accomplished their purpose. It is probably that the Moabites assumed the offensive, and took some of the Israelite cities. The prophet Elisha was active during the reign of Jehoram, and it is likely that the siege of Samaria, of which there is a graphic account in II Kings 6 and 7, also belongs to this period. Jehoram of Israel is to be distinguished from his namesake of Judah, the son of Jehoshaphat, who came to the throne of Judah during the reign of the other Jehoram in Israel. He was married to Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel (II Kings 8:16-24).]


To the left of this page we see a vertical array of the five Hebrew prophets, all of whom are briefly mentioned in the accompanying text:

  1. Azariah (Azarias), who was Abdon at Folio XLI recto.
  2. Elijah (Helya), who was Hercules at Folio XXXVII recto.
  3. Obadiah (Abdias).
  4. Micaiah (Micheas).
  5. Jonah (Jonas).


The Lineage of Israelite Kings is here continued from Folio XLVIII recto (Jeroboam I, Nadab, Baash and Elah), and the following are added:

  1. Zimri (Zamri).
  2. Omri (Amri).
  3. Ahab (Achab) and Jezebel (Jesabel), a new dual portrait.
  4. Ahaziah (Ochosias).
  5. Jehoram (Joram).

As noted, the only new woodcut is the dual portrait of Ahab, and his queen Jezebel, both of whom appear with sword in hand, as though ready for any bloody work that might present itself.