First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO LX recto

Anacharsis (Anatharsis), a philosopher, was highly esteemed as a brave and stern man in military affairs and experience. But in order to enhance his knowledge of Greek learning and customs he traveled to Athens and went to the house of Solon the Wise. He caused it to be announced that he had come to see him and to become his friend. Solon answered that in one's own country friends were to be made at home. But Anacharsis replied, I am now in (my) country, and for that reason I am obligated to make friends. Surprised at his ready reply, Solon took him into his house and made of him a great friend and lover of wisdom. These are this statements: Being asked how one might become averse to wine, he answered, He who observes the vile conduct of drunkards will never become a lover of wine. He stated that mariners were removed from death only by the breadth of four fingers, for the hull of a ship is no thicker. Being asked what ships are the safest, he answered, those which peacefully rest on the land. Asked what was both good and evil in man, he answered, his tongue. He stated that a court is an exceptional place where persons deceive and over-reach one another. It is better to have but one friend who is worthy than to have a number of unworthy ones. Later on he returned to his home in Scythia, and undertook to educate his countrymen in the customs and usages of the Greeks in order to elevate his country. On this account and through envy his brother mortally wounded him during a chase. While dying he said, Through wisdom I was preserved in Greece, but through envy I pass away in my native land.[Anacharsis (c. 600 BCE), a Scythian philosopher, was the son of a chief of a nomadic tribe of the Euxine shores and a Greek woman. He went to Athens in search of knowledge, and made the acquaintance of Solon. It is said that he was initiated into the Eleusinian mysteries, and by his talent and acute observations he excited general admiration. The fame of his wisdom was such that he was reckoned by some among the seven sages. Several years later he returned home, filled with the desire of teaching his countrymen the laws and the religion of the Greeks. According to Herodotus he was killed by his brother.]

Epimenides was a philosopher of Crete. While still young, his father sent him out to herd sheep. He climbed into a cave, and fell asleep and slept for 75 years. When he awoke, thinking he had slept for but a short while, he searched for his sheep. Not finding them, he went into the fields, but found everything changed and another in possession. In fear he returned to the people and went into his own house, telling who he was, until he saw his younger brother who was now old; and from him he now learned the whole truth about what had transpired. But as the Greeks regarded him as a man most loved by the gods, he was honorably received. By means of sacrifices he relieved the Athenians of a plague that had seized them. He also stated that money is a torment to the miser, a blessing to the humble, and death-blow to the treacherous. He lived 177 years, and wrote books of 5,000 verses on the creation and divine origin, and nine books of 1500 verses on the diverse nature of things. He also founded a temple to the gods at Athens, and flourished in the time of the very wise Solon.

Epimenides was a celebrated poet and prophet of Crete, whose history is to a great extent mythical. He was reckoned among the Curetes, and is said to have been the son of a nymph. He was a native of Phaestus in Crete, and appears to have spent the greatest part of his life at Cnossus, whence he is sometimes called a Cnossian. There is a legend that when a boy, he was sent out by his father in search of a sheep, and that seeking shelter from the heat of the midday sun, he went into a cave and there fell into a deep sleep which lasted 57 years. On waking and returning home, he found to his great amazement that his younger brother had in the meantime grown an old man. He is further said to have attained the age of 154, 157, or even of 229 years. His visit to Athens, however, is an historical fact and determines his date. The Athenians were visited by a plague in consequence of the sacrilege committed by Cylon, and they consulted the Delphic oracle about the means of their delivery. The god commanded them to get their city purified, and the Athenians invited Epimenides to come and undertake the purification. And so he came, about 596 BCE, and performed the task by mysterious rites and sacrifices, in consequence of which the plague ceased.

Epimenides was reckoned by some among the seven wise Men of Greece; but all that tradition has handed down about him suggests a very different character from that of the seven; he must rather be ranked in the class of priestly bards and sages who are generally comprised under the name of the Orphici. Many works, both in prose and verse, were attributed to him by the ancients, and Paul has preserved (Titus, 1.12) a celebrated verse of his against the Cretans.

The last sentence of this paragraph in the German edition of the Chronicle substitutes "the very wise Solon" with "Solomon the Wise."

Simonides the poet, while sailing over the sea, reached the shore and found there an uncorrupted dead body. While burying it, the dead man warned him not to put to sea on the following day; and he heeded the warning. The rest who took passage were drowned by the waves and the turbulence of the sea. These are said to have been his teachings: Silence is safer than speech; for we have seen many come to grief by talking, but none by silence. Hope in the future is a cure for ills. Conscience does not distress the innocent in adversity; for it is a comfort to man to know that he has not deserved to suffer. An innocent man may be deserted by good fortune, but never by hope. Simonides was renowned in the days of Manasseh, the king of Judah.

Simonides of Ceos (c. 556-467 BCE), one of the most celebrated lyric poets of Greece, was born at Julis, in the island of Ceos, as we learn from one of his own epigrams. He lived to the age of 89 years, was a master of elegiac verse and of epigrams, and the rival of Pindar in the dithyramb and the epinician ode. It appears that his family held some hereditary office in connection with the worship of Dionysus, and that the poet himself, when a boy, officiated in the service of the god at whose festivals he afterward gained many victories. He appears also to have been brought up to music and poetry as a profession.

From his native island Simonides moved to Athens, probably on the invitation of Hipparchus, the tyrant, at whose court he spent the best years of his life, probably from 528 to 514. He had completed his 80th year when his long poetic career at Athens was crowned by the victory that he gained with the dithyrambic chorus (477), being the fifty-sixth prize that he had carried off. It must have been shortly after this that he was invited to Syracuse by Hiero, whose court he lived till his death in 467. He was not only renowned for his poetic skills, but also for his political and moral wisdom; and he appears to have been especially anxious to emulate the fame of the Seven Wise Men, both for their wisdom itself and for their brief form of expressing it. Some ancient writers even reckoned him in the number of those sages. The leading principle of his philosophy appears to have been the calm enjoyment of the pleasures of the present life, both intellectual and material, the making as light as possible of its cares, patience in bearing its evils, and moderation in the standard by which human character should be judged. He made literature a profession and did not hesitate to exact compensation for his labors.

Tobit (Tobias), the Jew, a very holy prophet, was of the tribe and city of Naphtali. He was of a good disposition and distinguished for his spiritual grace. At this time he was carried into captivity by Shalmaneser the Assyrian king; but he was treated with kindness and persevered in divine service to the Lord. While at Nineveh he started to reflect on the commandments of the fathers, and visited the sick, gave alms to the poor, and comforted the distressed. He was seized with blindness, deprived of all his possessions, and became the poorest of mortals. But the Lord recognized his patience, and soon dispatched to him the angel Raphael, who restored his sight and his possessions tenfold. At the age of 102 years he prophesied the fall of Nineveh and the restoration of Jerusalem and the temple of the Lord, and gave up his ghost to the Lord. He was buried at Nineveh by his son Tobit (Tobias) and his grandsons.[Tobit (Tobias): This is a slight amplification and repetition of the same subject as given at Folio LIII verso. See also the Note there.]