First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

with dual gates of marble. There also, enclosed by the surrounding wall, is the church of St. Andrew de Pallara. The remaining area is covered with vineyards and is surrounded by a high wall. The Caelian Hill is named for the Duke Caelius Iubonnius (Iubaenius), who came to the assistance of Romulus against Latium. This hill was added to the city when Tullus Hostilius destroyed the city of Alba (Longa); and thereafter he himself lived there, building a palace which he called Hostilia.[Alba Longa was the most ancient town in Latium. It is said to have been built by Ascanius. It was called Longa because it stretched in a long line down the Alban Mount toward the Alban Lake. It was destroyed by Tullus Hostillius, and never rebuilt. Its inhabitants were removed to Rome. At a later time the surrounding country, highly cultivated and covered with vineyards, was studded with the villas of the Roman aristocracy, each of which was called an Albanum, and so a new town grew up also called Albanum (Albano), ruins of which are extant.] On the same hill Vespasian built the temple of Claudius. In this same region were many houses of the gods, temples and altars; the great slaughter-house; the cave of the Cyclops, the houses of prostitution; the society of the five watchers or wardens; the tents of the pilgrims, and the cattle sheds. In the middle of its ridge are two aqueducts, one of which is very tall. Now, however, this hill is adorned with Christian churches. In the region lying against the Palatine hill is the monastery of St. Gregory, built there upon his father's land; and St. John's and St. Paul's church. And there is the hospital of Salvator, and the church of St. Mary in Dominica; also Stephen's church, which was later adorned by Pope Simplicius. To the left of the same hill is the church of the four crowns, and St. Erasmus monastery. The latest building on the hill is a pilgrim's refuge, called Laterenese (Lateranense). At the extreme end of the hill there is now the Lateran Church, so called because it was built on the soil of the most noble Lateran people. This worthy church contains the heads of the apostles and other holy relics. It is very tall, and renowned throughout the world. It was given to Pope Sylvester by the Emperor Constantine, and was called the Church of Constantine. This church was the first seat of the Roman bishops, and they had their residences there. Now, however, most of the palaces about the church are in ruins. Near this hill is the great gate of Naevia, and the half-destroyed theater. Some call this the castle of wonders. There also is the church of the Holy Cross of Jerusalem, built by Helena, mother of Constantine, on the site where the Temple of Venus and Cupid formerly stood. Beside it is a Carthusian monastery. On the hill called the Esquiline, which is the largest, is the church called St. Mary Maggiore. On this hill were many wonderful buildings; and firstly,