First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

On the advice of the Lord, David and his people went to Hebron. There, in his youth, he was elected king of the tribe of Judah and anointed by Samuel. Ish-bosheth (Hysboseth),[Ish-bosheth was the son and successor of Saul. He was persuaded by Abner to go to Mahanaim and assume the government while David reigned at Hebron (II Sam. 2:8-11); and all Israel, except Judah, acknowledged him as king. A severe battle soon afterward occurred at Gibeon, between the army of David under Joab, and the army of Ish-bosheth under Abner, in which the latter was utterly defeated. Abner was afterward killed by Joab. Ish-bosheth, thus deprived of his strongest supporter, was assassinated after a brief reign of two years. (II Samuel 4:5-7) ] the son of Saul, was, through the procurement of Abner, his uncle, made king of the other eleven tribes; and he reigned two years. And now assembled the armies of David and Joab, his commander, as did also the forces of Ish-bosheth and Abner, his commander. And out of sheer willfulness twelve men on the one side fought with twelve men from the other, and they slew one another at a single stroke. Then those who were with Abner were defeated and fled; and Asahel, the brother of Joab, pursued Abner; and as he would not desist in the pursuit, Abner finally wounded Asahel in the groin with a spear; and Asahel died.[The contest between the twelve men on either side was followed by a general battle, which resulted in Abner's defeat. He fled, but was pursued by Asahel. When in the heat of the pursuit, Abner counseled him to desist, and threatened to turn upon him and slay him if he did not, Asahel refused to turn aside, and Abner, "with the back end of the spear struck him under the fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place." (II Samuel 2:19-23) This is according to the . The nature of the injury is somewhat differently recorded in the (II Kings 2:23): "But he (Asahel) refused to hearken to him (Abner), and would not turn aside; wherefore Abner struck him with his spear with a back stroke in the groin, and thrust him through, and he died upon the spot." ] Although the war between the house of Saul and the house of David lasted for a long time, David made more progress and his strength increased; but the house of Saul declined daily. To David were born at Hebron the following sons: The first, Amon (Amnon); the second, Cheliab (Chileab); the third, Absalon (Absalom); the fourth Adonias (Adonijah), and many others by numerous wives.[The issue of David is divided into two parts: (1) that born at Hebron, according to II Samuel 3:2-5; and (2) that born at Jerusalem, according to II Samuel 5:13-16. Both lines are given in I Chron. 3:1-9. The issue born at Hebron is not fully given in the . According to II Samuel 5:14-16, the children born there were as follows: Amnon, Chileab (called Daniel in I Chronicles 3:1), Absalom, Adonijah, Shephatiah, and Ithream.] But Abner, who ruled the house of Ish-bosheth, was called to account by his lord because he had slept with Saul's concubine; and thereupon they became enemies.[This was an offense against Saul's family. He had taken Rizpah, the concubine of Saul, into his harem, and this act was interpreted according to ‘eastern' ideas, as an attempt to seize the throne. Abner was exceedingly irritated by the charge, and he immediately forsook the interests of Saul's house and espoused the cause of David.] And he went to David and promised him that he would bring the entire people of Israel under his rule. He undertook to deal in this way, and returned to Michal,[Michal was the second daughter of Saul, the king and the wife of David, who paid in dowry two hundred slaughtered Philistines. She was passionately devoted to her young husband and once saved him from the fury of her father. During David's exile, she was married to another man with whom she lived for ten years. After the accession of David to the throne, she was restored to him, but an estrangement soon took place between them, and on the occasion of the greatest triumph of David's life—the bringing up of the ark to Jerusalem—it came to an open rupture between them, after which her name does not again occur (II Samuel 6:1-23).] David's wife, to David. Joab, to avenge his brother Asahel, treacherously slew Abner.[Abner, the son of Ner, was a first cousin of Saul, and a faithful and distinguished general of his armies (I Samuel 14:50). We first hear of him particularly as the captain of the host, of whom Saul inquired concerning the daring young David who had just gained the victory over Goliath to the king's great astonishment.] This did not please David, who caused Abner to be buried with his own, and to be mourned and fasted.[After Abner's desertion of the house of Saul, David received him cordially and sent him away in peace to persuade Israel to submit to David. While he was gone on this errand, Joab returned; and hearing what had been done, he went to the king and warned him against Abner as a spy and traitor. Soon after, and without David's knowledge, Joab sent for Abner; and when he arrived, took him aside privately and murdered him in revenge of the death of his brother, Asahel. The estimation in which he was held by the king and people appears from the sacred history. The king wept and refused his food, and all the people wept; "And the king said to his servants, don't you know that there is a prince and a great man fallen this day in Israel?" (II Sam. 3:7-38).]

This David was a real miracle in human flesh; for in him were combined qualities never again found present together (in the same individual): Greatness and humility; great fairness and kindness; great solicitude for worldly affairs, and pure and devout regard for things spiritual; the slaughter of many people, and the shedding of many tears; the commission of great sins on one hand, and atonement on the other. Item: To him were born at Jerusalem the following sons: Shammuah (Salma), Shobad (Saba), Nathan, and Solomon (Salomon), out of Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah; also eight others, not counting the sons of his concubines.[ Here we come upon the second branch of David's issue, namely, the children born to him at Jerusalem: Shammuah (Salma), Shobab (Saba), Nathan, Solomon, Ilhar (Jabaar), Elishua (Helisus), Nepheg, Juphia (Jaahia), Elishama (Helisama), Eliada (Helida), and Eliphalet (Helifeleth). (II Samuel 5:13-16)] And after he had restored peace to the land, he decided to enumerate the people, contrary to the laws of Moses; and he counted 1,100,000 fighting men; and of the tribe of Judah alone 470,000. But the census displeased God, and he struck Israel with a plague to which 70,000 Israelites succumbed.[According to the Old Testament twelve censuses were taken. The first was under Moses, three or four months after the Exodus, its object being to raise funds to build the tabernacle, each numbered person (every male of twenty years of age and upward) being obliged to pay half a shekel. The second numbering occurred in the second month of the second year after the Exodus (Num. 1:2). The third was immediately before the entrance of the Hebrews into Canaan (Num. 26). For a long time thereafter no reckoning was made; but David, instigated by Satan, out of mere curiosity and ambition to know how large a people he governed, ordered a count, with the result stated (I Chron. 21:5; II Sam. 24:9). ]

These three (referring to the triple portrait of Gad, Nathan, and Aseph below) prophesied in the time of David; and Nathan was David's brother's son, and an adopted son of Jesse.