First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Jehoshaphat (Josaphat) did good in the sight of the Lord, and one reads of him nothing more deserving of punishment than that he gave assistance to an unworthy king of Israel. He extinguished all men of feminine inclinations from the soil of Judah, destroyed idolatry, observed the laws of the fathers; and by such virtues he overcame all the princes in the vicinity. The Palestinians began to pay him tribute. He lived sixty years, and his body was buried at Jerusalem with great pomp.[Jehoshaphat was the son and successor of Asa, king of Judah (I Kings 15:24; II Chron. 17:1). He came to the throne at the age of thirty-five and reigned 25 years. He was a man of distinguished piety, and his reign was powerful and prosperous (II Chron. 17:3-6). He caused the altars and places of idolatry to be destroyed, diffused knowledge of the law throughout the kingdom, and the place of judicial and ecclesiastical authority to be filled by the best men of the land (II Chron. 17:6-9). His sin in forming a league with Ahab, contrary to the counsel of Micaiah, against Ramoth-gilead was severely censured by Jehu (II Chron. 19:2), and nearly cost him his life (II Chron. 18:31). Later in life he connected himself with Ahaziah, son and successor of Ahab, kind of Israel, in a naval expedition; but this alliance with another wicked king also turned out disastrously; for the fleet was utterly destroyed in a storm (II Chron. 20:35, 37). Again, he involved himself in an alliance with Jehoram, the second son of Ahab, and also with the Edomites, for the purpose of invading the land of Moab; but while they attempted to make their way through the wilderness their water supply failed, and the whole army would have perished with thirst had not a miraculous supply been granted in answer to the prayers of Elisha, who accompanied the army (II Kings 3:6-20). Jehoshaphat had seven sons, one of whom, Jehoram, succeeded him.]

Capys (Capis) Silvius built Capua in Campania, and he reigned 28 years and left the kingdom to his son Capetus (Carpentus).

Jehoram (Ioram), the ill-tempered, murdered his brother, and walked in the ways of the kings of Israel. Therefore he was unlucky in all his undertakings and died miserably. Although born of a spiritual father, he was inclined to infidelity and led the sons of Judah to unchaste practices. He followed the unchaste Ahab, whose daughter named Athaliah was his wife, and through her influence he daily committed acts of madness.[Jehoram (Ioram or Joram) was the eldest son of Jehoshaphat, and his successor as king of Judah. He married Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, and proved himself as wicked as his relatives. One of the first acts of his government was to put to death his six brothers and several of the chief men of the kingdom (II Chron. 21:4). To punish him for this and other abominations of his reign, the Edomites revolted and secured their independence from the throne of Judah (II Chron.21:8-10). One of his own cities also revolted, and at about the same time he received a writing from Elisha, admonishing him of the dreadful calamities which he was bringing on himself by his wickedness. His territory was overrun by the enemy; the king's palace was plundered, and the royal family, except the youngest son, made prisoners. The king himself was struck with an incurable disease that carried him off unlamented (II Chron. 21:14-20).]

Capetus (Carpentus)[No doubt intended for Capetus, the eighth in the line of the kings of Alba who bore the cognomen Silvius (See note on Silvius, Folio XLIX recto, above).] reigned 30 years after his father, in the time of Jehoshaphat.

Ahaziah (Ochosias), son of Jehoram, and eighth king of Judah, was, like his father, wicked in the sight of the Lord. And soon he was slain by Jehu. Matthew, the evangelist, left this king and the two succeeding ones, namely Joash and Amasias by the wayside. For he wished to mention but three foreigners; or (as Jerome and Augustine state) since Jehoram took to wife the daughter of the most evil Jezebel, therefore his sons to the fourth generation were rejected by the Lord. For Ahaziah walked in the way of Ahab, his maternal ancestor. This Ahaziah, Jehu, the prince of the house of Jehoram, the king of Samaria, exterminated with the entire house of Ahab. His corpse was taken from the city of Megiddo and buried in Jerusalem.[Ahaziah, also called Azariah, was a son of Jehoram and Athaliah. At the age of 22 he succeeded his father as king of Judah (II Kings 8:25). He continued the idolatry of the house of Ahab, and was governed by the advice of his infamous mother. He reigned but one year. He allied himself with his uncle Jehoram, king of Israel, and attacked Hazael, king of Syria, who defeated them at Ramoth-gilead. Jehoram was severely wounded and carried to his palace at Jezreel. There Ahaziah visited him. Israel meanwhile rebelled under Jehu. The two kings went out to meet him, and Jehu killed Jehoram. Ahaziah fled, and was pursued to the pass of Gur, where he was mortally wounded, but escaped, and died at Megiddo.]

Tiberius (Tiberius) Silvis reigned nine years, and after he was drowned in the Tiber, formerly called the Albula, the river was named after him.[Albula was the ancient name of the river Tiber (Tibris).] And so Romulus[Probably Remulus (Agrippa) the royal successor of Tiberinus.] made Tiberius a god, for he believed him to be the ruler of the river Tiber, whose use was very necessary to Rome.

Athaliah, a very vain and proud woman, after the death of her son Ahaziah, brazenly assumed sovereignty over the kingdom; and she slew all the royal seed except Joash (Joas) whom the wife of Jehoiada the bishop, and daughter of Jehoram, nourished in concealment for seven years. After she had reigned seven years Jehoiada cruelly murdered her.[Athaliah, see note on Jehoiada and Athaliah, Folio L verso.]

Agrippa Silvius, king of the Albans, or Italians, reigned for 40 years after his father, the aforesaid Tiberinus.[Agrippa (Silvius), so called by Livy and Dionysus, but called Remulus by Ovid. See note on the Silvian kings of Alba, Folio XLIX recto.]

Jonadab, son of Rechab, was a highly renowned man, in whom the very pious line of the Rechabites originated. When Jehu determined to slay the priests of Baal, Jonadab prophesied to him; for he and his sons were zealous lovers of divine honor, great moderation, and piousness.[The Rechabites were a tribe of Kenite or Midianite origin, descendants of Jehonadab or Jonadab and named from his father or ancestor Rechab. They were worshippers of the true God, though not fully identified with Israel. Jonadab aided Jehu in exterminating the idolatrous house of Ahab (II Kings 10:15-23). He laid an injunction on his posterity not to drink wine, build houses, sow seed, plant vineyards or hold lands, but to dwell in tents (Jer. 35:6-7). These rules were obeyed by his descendants, and their nomadic life and simple habits may have facilitated their escape from the Assyrians, who carried captive the Israelites of the northern kingdom, in which Jonadab had dwelt. Nearly 300 years after Jonadab's day, the Rechabites took refuge in Jerusalem on Nebuchadnezzar's invasion of Judea in the reign of Jehoiakim. Jeremiah was commanded by God to invite them into the temple and offer them wine to drink, that their refusal and filial obedience might rebuke the Jews for their disobedience to God's commands. A divine promise of continued existence was conveyed to the Rechabites by Jeremiah (Jer. 35:1-19) and was undoubtedly fulfilled though it may not now be possible to distinguish them, as some claim to do, among the tribes of Central Arabia.] And mark that the sons of Rechab, by command of their father, lived in the tabernacle as pilgrims and guests upon the earth, isolated from all mankind. They built no house, sowed no seed, and drank no wine.

During the time of Jehoram (Joram), king of Judah, the roof of the temple and its furniture, which had become old and neglected during the reign of Athaliah, were repaired with funds which were collected at the command of the king; for up to this time the priests had neglected to repair such things, although they had received the full measure of necessary funds from the people.

(A) LINEAGE OF CHRIST (continued)

The Lineage of Christ is here continued from Folio XLIX recto, which there ended with the portrait of Asa. To this we now add:

  1. Jehoshapaht (Josaphat), son and successor of Asa as king of Judah. Same portrait as was used for Rehoboam (Roboam) at Folio XLIX recto, and for Belus at Folio XVII verso.
  2. Jehoram (Joram), eldest son of Jehoshaphat, and his successor as king of Judah. Same woodcut as Pharaoh Anefre, Folio XXVII recto.
  3. Ahaziah (Ochozia), son and successor of Jehoram.


Athaliah (Athalia), infamous daughter of Ahab and Jezebel. This woodcut is used here for the first time. The subject appears crowned, scepter in her right hand, sword in her left.


Jehonadab (Jonadab), was a son or descendant of Rechab. He was a chief among the descendants of Rechab, but not a king, and therefore he appears without royal accessories.


The Lineage of Italian Kings is here continued from Folio XLIX recto, where the Mythological kings of Alba (with the cognomen of Silvius) began. We now add the following, all of the same surname:

  1. Capys (Capis) Silvius, alleged founder of Capua.
  2. Capetus (Carpentus Silvius), son and successor of Capys.
  3. Tiberius Silvius.
  4. Agrippa Silvius.