First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO LI verso

Treviso (Taruisium), a city lying in the March of Treviso, was at this period (as Sicardus the bishop of Cremona states) founded by some Trojans. The city is divided by the river Sile that flows out of the mountains nearby, and by this and other rivers, having their sources there; it is watered and rendered productive. Treviso is said to have originated in the time of the Ostrogoths, and was then as it appears today; for the father of Totila, the king, made it his royal seat. Totila was the fifth king of the Ostrogoths, and a very distinguished man. He was born and brought up a Treviso. But thereafter, in the beginning of the Lombard kingdom, Alboin, the king of the same, went into Italy, and Aquileia and other cities surrendered to him. Treviso, however, was slow in doing so, and he decided to plunder and destroy it. Felix, the bishop of the city (as Gregory writes), a wise and fearless man and native of Ravenna, was not to be intimidated by the king's grimness. This city was also graced with another distinguished bishop, named Hermalao, who (as becomes a bishop) was more interested in being useful to his people than in merely lording over them. And while the whole March of Treviso was named after this city, yet I believe this was merely due to awkwardness in the use of the name; for in this region are other large cities like Verona and Padua, which excelled Treviso in reputation, power, and wealth. The Lombards possessed a large share of the lands of Italy and among them were four duchies; but in these their sons and grandsons had no lawful rights of inheritance. These were the Beneventian, Spoletanian, Taurinian and Floriaulian regions; also two others, namely the Anconitanian and Trevisian regions, of equal rank with the aforesaid in size and wealth, and held upon condition that whosoever should attain to the kingship with the consent of the king, or through a general assembly of the Lombard people, should have the right and power to pass the lordship on to his sons or other male issue by inheritance. This city, like Padua, did not escape the ravages of Celim and his brother Alberti of Rumano, at whose hands it suffered innumerable troublesome attacks, worries, and sorrows.[ The ancient Tarvisium lay off the main roads, and was not often mentioned by the ancients. In the sixth century it appeared to be an important place and was the seat of a Lombard duke. Charlemagne made it the capital of a marquisate. It joined the Lombard league and was independent after the peace of Constance (1183) until in 1339 it came under the Venetian sway. From 1318 it was for a short time the seat of a university. Its walls and ramparts were renewed under the direction of Fra Giocondo (1509). Treviso was taken in 1797 by the French under Mortier (duke of Treviso). In March 1848, the Austrian garrison was driven from the town by the revolutionary party, but in the following June the town was bombarded and compelled to capitulate. The modern Treviso is the Episcopal see of Venetia, and capital of the province of Treviso. It is situated on the plain between the Gulf of Venice and the Alps, and is eighteen miles by rail from Venice, at the confluence of the Sile and the Botteniga. The former flows partly around its walls, the latter through the town, and it has canal communication with the lagoons. It contains many fine works of art.]


The ancient city of Travisium (now Treviso) is represented by a woodcut that was used to represent Paris at Folio XXXIX recto.