First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO LI recto

Aquileia (Aquileia), a city of Italy, and located beyond Padua, while once the first and mightiest (city), and also the most beautiful, and situated a short distance from the sea, is in our time almost entirely abandoned. It was named after the Trojan, Aquilus, who, with others was driven out of Troy. Then the building of the city began, and from him it has its name. And although a few priests and canons in a small way provide holy services in a decorated and beautiful little church, and a few herdsmen and fishermen reside there, yet a people do not live there now; so that this once magnificent city can hardly be called a citadel now. At present there is the church, just mentioned, and the patriarchal court, the walls about the city, and a convent, and evidences of the work of Peponis, the patriarch. The city began to flourish when the Romans began to raise their hands against the barbarian people living on the Danube. And although the Emperor Augustus Octavianus conducted the war largely though emissaries, yet to be nearer to them he marched (as Suetonius writes) from Rome to Ravenna, Milan and Aquileia. Julia traveled with him, and she was delivered of a child.[This may refer to Julia, the only daughter of Augustus, who was born to him by his wife Scribona.] The Aquileians sided with the Romans against the Maximinians, and were so faithful and ingenious that when there was a scarcity of sinews for bow-strings, they used the locks of their wives and made bow-strings from that.[Maximinus was Roman emperor from 235 CE to 238. He was born in a village on the confines of Thrace, of barbarian parents, his father being a Goth and his mother a German from the tribe of the Alani. Brought up as a shepherd, he attracted the attention of Septimius Severus by his gigantic stature and marvelous feats of strength, and was permitted to enter the army. He eventually rose to the highest rank in the service; and on the murder of Alexander Severus by the mutinous troops in Gaul (235), he was proclaimed emperor. He immediately bestowed the title of Caesar on his son Maximinus. During the three years of his reign he carried on war with success against the Germans; but his government was characterized by a degree of oppression and bloody excesses. The Roman world at length became tired of the monster. The senate and the provinces gladly acknowledged the two Gordiani, who had been proclaimed emperors in Africa; and after their death the senate itself proclaimed Maximinus and Balbinus emperors (238). As soon as Maximinus heard of the elevation of the Gordians he hastened from his winter quarters. Having crossed the Alps, he laid siege to Aquileia, and was there slain by his own soldiers along with his son Maximus. The most extraordinary tales are related of the physical powers of Maximinus. His height exceeded eight feet. The circumference of his thumb was equal to that of a woman's wrist, so that the bracelet of his wife served him for a ring. It is said that he was able to single-handedly draw a loaded wagon, could with his fist knock out the grinders, and with a kick break the leg of a horse; while his appetite was such that in one day he could eat forty pounds of meat and drink an amphora of wine.] Industry and trade in oriental and occidental wares which were brought together there made this city wonderfully and superabundantly rich; for while this city flourished there was no other place on the Adriatic Sea where the people of the Orient and the Occident could get together for the purchase and sale of their merchandise. And after this city had flourished for a long time, it was finally completely destroyed by Attila. The inhabitants fled to Venice and they augmented the city wonderfully. When the holy evangelist St. Mark was sent to Alexandria by St. Peter, and the ships were being prepared at Aquileia, he converted the Aquileians to the Christian faith. And the gospel, which he wrote with his own hand, is held in great esteem at Venice. The pious Hermagoras (Hermacoras)[Hermagorus, the tutelary and first bishop of Aquileia.], who was also converted by the preaching of St. Mark, and in Aquileia by St. Peter, and who was appointed the highest councilor over all Venetia, won over this whole region for our Lord by his conversion to the Christian faith. He and St. Fortunatus were slain with an axe by the Emperor Nero. Chromatius[Chromatius was a Latin writer and bishop of Aquileia. He flourished at the close of the fourth century and the commencement of the fifth. The year and place of his birth are unknown. Though he condemned the writings of Origen, his friendship for Rufinus continued. The latter also dedicated some of his works to him, especially Latin translation of the ecclesiastical history of Eusebius. Jerome showed his regard by inscribing some of his writings to him. He urged Jerome to translate the Hebrew Scriptures into Latin. When Anasthasius, the Pope, condemned both Origen and Rufinus, Chromatius was so far from coinciding, that he received Rufinus into the communion of his church. Of his works there are extent his and some tracts on the beatitudes and on parts of the Gospel of Matthew. A few epistles also remain. Several epistles addressed to Chromatius by Jerome are extant among the voluminous works of the latter. Jerome styles him most holy and learned; but he seems to have been a man of judgment and determination rather than of great ability.] of whom the glorified Jerome has written much, was also of Aquileia; also Rufinus (Ruffinus), the priest, so learned in the Latin and the Greek[ Rufinus (surnamed Tyrannius or Turranius, or Toranus), was a celebrated ecclesiastical writer. He was born in Italy about 345 CE and was at first an inmate of the monastery at Aquileia. Later he resided for many years at a monastery in Palestine, where he became intimate with Jerome. The two afterwards quarreled, and Jerome attacked Rufinus vehemently because he supported the tenets of Origen. After spending twenty-six years in the east, Rufinus returned to Italy in 397, where he published a Latin translation of Pamphilus' for Origen, as well as Origen's , together with an original tract . In the preface to the , he quoted a panegyric, which Jerome had at an early period pronounced upon Origen. This led to bitter correspondence between the two former friends, which was crowned by the Apologia (‘Defense') of the one adversus Hieronymum, and the Apologia of the other adversus Rufinum. Rufinus died in Sicily in 410. He had fled to the island when Alaric invaded Italy.] that we in no small measures esteem his books and interpretations among all the works of the teachers of the church.[Aquileia was located at the very head of the Adriatic, about 60 stadia from the sea. It was founded by the Romans in 182 BCE as a bulwark against the northern barbarians, and it is said to have derived its name from the favorable omen of an eagle (Aquila) appearing to the colonists. Being the key of Italy on the northeast, it was made one of the strongest fortresses of the Romans. From its position it also became a most flourishing commercial center. The Via Aemilia was continued to this town, and from it all the roads to Rhaetia, Noricum, Pannonia, Istria and Dalmatia branched off. It was taken and completely destroyed by Attila in 452 CE, but its inhabitants escaped to the Lagoons, where Venice was afterwards built.]


Is here represented by the same woodcut that was used for Mainz at Folio XXXIX verso.