First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Venice, in our time the most renowned city, a noble industrial center of Italy, and the mightiest by land and sea, had its beginning with Aeneti, or Veneti (Heneti), the Trojan. For after the destruction of Troy, Antenor[See Note on Antenor at Folio XXXVI verso.] came there across the Adriatic Sea in ships. And there came with him a great number, called Veneti, who had been drive out of Paphlagonia[Paphlagonia is a district on the north side of Asia Minor, between Bithnynia on the west and Pontus on the east, being separated from the former by the river Parthenius, and from the latter by the Halys; on the south it is divided by the chain of Mount Olympus (according to others by Oglassys) from Phrygia, in the earliest times, but from Galatia afterwards. And on the north it is bordered by the Euxine. It appears to have been known to the Greeks in the mythical period. The Argonautic legends mentioned Paphlagon, the son of Phineus, as the hero eponymous of the country. In the Homeric catalogue Pylaemenes leads the Paphlagonians, as allies of the Trojans, from the land of the Heneti, about the river Parthenius, a region famed for its mules and horses; and from their leader, the later princes of Paphlagonia claimed descent, and after him the country itself is sometimes called Pylaemenia. These people were first subdued by Croesus; then they fell under Persian sway, but they made themselves independent, and so maintained their condition until their conquest by Mithridates. In the end the country became Roman and Augustus made it a part of Galatia. It was made a separate province under Constantine. The eastern portion, however, was assigned to Pontus, under the name of Hellespontus.], and were seeking a region in which to live. From these same Veneti the country was called Venetia, which comprehends in length the country of Histria (or Istria) and extends from there to the river Padua (Po). In breadth it reaches from the same river to the mountains that separate Italy from Germany. It has had the name Venetia for fifteen hundred years. It was often invaded by its neighbors, and also the Gauls and the Germans, and was most cruelly attacked and laid waste by the ruthless and bloody Attila, king of the Huns. And Attila himself came there with great armies and attacked the city. He caused many to be burned and some to be destroyed in the ground, and as he captured and burned Padua, and the cities of Aquileia and Altinus were destroyed, the foremost Venetians with their wives and children, and their goods and chattels, fled to the nearest islands to escape this ruthless destroyer; and they named their new location after the land of Venetia. The city people who escaped to there erected buildings of many kinds and established a city. And as the inhabitants of Altinum[Altinum was a wealthy municipium in the land of the Veneti in the north of Italy, at the mouth of the river Silis and on the road from Patavium to Aquileia. It was a wealthy manufacturing town and the chief emporium for all the goods that were sent from southern Italy to the countries of the north. Goods could be brought from Ravenna to Altinum through the Lagoons and the numerous canals of the Po, safe from storms and pirates. There were many beautiful villas around the town.] had divided their state into six parts, so they built six cities in the islands of the sea, namely Torcellum, Maiorbum, Burianum, Amoriacum, Constanciacum, and Ainianum (Anneianum). Because the richest and most powerful Venetians lived there, the city of Venice increased and expanded from the time it was built. At first the ducal seat was at Heracleia; then at Methamaucum, and finally at Rialto by common consent; for this region was more secure against the enemy, and offered greater opportunities for the enlargement of the city. After the destruction of the cities,