First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

In the reign of this man (referring to the opposite portrait of Thautanes (Thatanes), a king in the Assyrian Lineage) Troy was destroyed, probably for the first, but not for the second time.

And at this time began the most important period of Greek history and accomplishments. From this point on they wrote their histories, beginning in the first or second year after the defeat and destruction of Troy; and it was in the third year of Abdon, the judge of Israel.

In the Year of the World 4025

In the reign of this Athanis (referring to the opposite portrait of the second king of this branch of the Assyrian Lineage), the Trojan wars are said to have been fought; during which time Mnestheus ruled the Athenians, and Polisides the Sicyonians.

Thineus (referring to the third portrait opposite) was the twenty-eighth king of the Assyrians, and during his reign the kingdom of Sicyonia came to an end, which was also in the time of Eli, the priest; and this kingdom endured 939 years. Thereafter priests, called Carni, were instituted.

In the Year of the World 4075

Jesse, or Isay, had seven sons and two daughters, whose names are here written (referring to the inscriptions on the portraits).

(A) Lineage of Assyrian Kings (Cont.)

The Lineage of Assyrian Kings is here continued from Folio XXXIIII recto:

  1. All three kings are conventionally portrayed. Of interest here is that two of the three portraits differ between the Latin and German editions. In the German edition Thautanes is represented by a woodcut that at Folio XXVIII recto represents King Baleus in the Assyrian line.
  2. Athanis is represented by the same woodcut that at Folio XXVI recto represents King Aegialeus in the Assyrian line.
  3. In the German edition Thineus is represented by the same woodcut that at Folio XXV recto represents King Ninyas in the Assyrian line.

(B) Lineage of Christ (Cont.)

The Lineage of Christ was carried to Boaz at Folio XL recto, and is now resumed with his son Obed, born to him by Ruth. To Obed Jesse was born, and it is with the latter’s issue that we are here largely concerned.

Jesse was married to a woman who has been previously married to one Nahash, or had been his concubine. Of this relationship two daughters were born, Abigail and Zeruiah. Abigail married Jether, the Ishmaelite, and bore him a son, Amasa. Zeruiah, the second daughter, also married and begot three sons, Abishai, Asahel and Joab.

To her second husband, Jesse, this same woman, according to I Chronicles 2:12-17, bore seven sons: Eliab, Abinadab, Shammah (Shimma), Nethaneel, Raddai, Ozem and David. It seems there was another, or eighth son, but his name is not given in the Bible.

  1. Obed (Obeth), son of Boaz and Ruth, begins this branch of the Lineage of Christ, but is not mentioned in the text. He stands in the cup of a flower as do nearly all the genealogical characters, and from him a branch runs to his son.
  2. Jesse (Jessent, also called Abysay), "that Ephrathite of Bethlehem Judah" and man of wealth and position. Jesse was, through David, the ancestor of the Judaic kings, and thus of Christ, and is shown in a dual portrait with his wife. The text speaks of him as "Jessent or Isay." The name "Abysay" appears above the portrait of his wife, but is not intended as her name. The portraits of Obed and Jesse and wife constitute a single woodcut. From Jesse’s wife a branch runs to
  3. Jether "the Ishmaelite" and Abigail, his wife, a dual portrait, but the branch proceeds to him in stead of her; for Abigail was the daughter of Jesse’s wife by a former marriage, as already explained. The pair are printed by a single woodcut. From Abigail a branch proceeds to their son Amasa; also shown by a single woodcut. The connecting branch was printed from an independent block. Another branch from the main trunk of Jesse and his wife proceeds to six of the children born of Jesse.
  4. Eliab (Heliab, Abidadab (Aminadab), Shammah (Samaa), Nethaneel (Nata), Raddai (Redda) and Ozem (Asan). The seventh son, David, is not shown, but is reserved to begin the next branch of the genealogy at Folio XLVI verso.
  5. Zeruiah (Saruia), the second daughter of Jesse’s wife by a former husband, and her husband are shown in a dual portrait, from which the foliage branches off to their three sons, Abishai (Abisay), Asahel, and Joab.