First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Trier (Treves) is an old city. It came into being 1947 B.C., in Abraham’s time. It was founded by Trebeta Ninus, the king’s brother, who was driven out of Assyria by Semiramis, the queen, and settled in the neighborhood of Germania, the land of the Germans. For when Ninus the Great died, Semiramis fostered a suspicion against his brother, and she became his enemy. [Semiramis and Ninus were the founders of the Assyrian empire of Ninus or Nineveh. Ninus was a great warrior who built Nineveh about 2182 BCE and subdued the greater part of Asia. Semiramis was the daughter of the fish-goddess Derceto of Ascalon in Syria by a Syrian youth; but being ashamed of her weakness, she made away with the youth and exposed her infant daughter. But the child was miraculously preserved by doves, who fed her till she was discovered by the shepherds of the neighborhood. She was brought up by the chief shepherd of the royal herds, whose name was Simmas, and from whom she derived her name of Semiramis. Her beauty attracted one of the king’s generals, who married her. He subsequently sent for his wife to join him where the Assyrians were engaged in the siege of Bactra, which they had long endeavored in vain to take. Upon her arrival in camp she planned an attack upon the citadel of the town, mounted the walls with a few brave followers, and obtained possession of the place. Ninus was so charmed with her beauty and bravery that he resolved to make her his wife; whereupon her unfortunate husband put an end to his life. By Ninus, Semiramis had had a son Ninyas, and on the death of Ninus she succeeded him on the throne. Her fame overshadowed that of her husband, and later ages loved to tell of her marvelous deeds and heroic achievements. She built numerous cities and erected many wonderful buildings. Besides conquering many nations of Asia, she subdued Egypt and a great part of Ethiopia, but was unsuccessful in an attack upon India. After a reign of 42 years she resigned the sovereignty to her son Ninyas, and disappeared from the earth, taking her flight to heaven in the form of a dove. Probably Semiramis was originally a Syrian goddess, perhaps the same who was worshipped at Ascalon as Astarte, or Aphrodite, to whom the dove was sacred. Hence the stories of her voluptuousness, which were current even in the time of Augustus.]

After the entire country beyond the Rhine had been subjugated by Emperor Julius, he appointed a proconsul and a collector of taxes or tribute, who remained there during the Roman rule. The city of Trier was always wealthy and rich in its possessions, and a venerable and honored principality among the five Belgian cities. Its archbishop holds high rank among the seven electors of the Roman Empire. There are many proofs of its antiquity, among them a Latin inscription discovered in our time, which mentions the above named Trebeta and Semiramis. There also may be seen a place of wonderful construction, resembling Babylonian masonry, made of baked tiles so strong that even now it is invulnerable to the enemy, and cannot be broken by any kind of implement. The citizens of the city are universally respected for their manners, elegance, and laws by the merchants who constantly come there to trade and to establish commercial relations. In consequence of the proximity of Trier to Germany, the people speak the German language, and in taste, conduct, and seriousness in war there is but little difference between them. Among the Gauls they are considered exceptionally powerful, and are esteemed for their cavalry and infantry. Here also may be seen a gate made of incredibly large stones, fastened together with iron; also the body of St. Simeon, and that of the worthy Bishop Popionus, in the church he founded. This city first received the gospel of Christ from Bishop Valerius, St. Peter’s disciple, and it was later enlightened by St. Paulinus, the holy man, also a bishop there, who was afterward exiled by Emperor Constantius for his Christian faith; and he suffered in exile to the time of his death, finally receiving the crown of martyrdom in Frisia. There also flourished Bishop Maximus, by whom Pope Anastasius was honorably received when pursued by the Emperor Constantius. Here also flourished Bishop Nicenus, a man of perfect holiness, and many others &c.

Trier or Treves (respectively the German and French names) is a cathedral city on the Moselle River in western Prussia. It was originally a Roman colony, named Augusta Treviorum after the emperor Augustus. It became an imperial free city in the sixteenth century. The ancient city stood on the right bank of the river, and, under the later empire, was one of the most flourishing Roman cities north of the Alps. It was the capital of Belgica Prima. The Belgae were one of three great people into which Caesar divided the population of Gaul. They were bounded on the north by the Rhine, on the west by the Ocean, on the south by the Sequana (Seine) and Matrone (Marne) and on the east by the territory of the Treveri. They were of German origin, and had settled in this country, expelling or reducing to subjection its former inhabitants. They were subdued by Caesar after courageous resistance.

After the division of the Roman world into four districts by Diocletian (292 CE) Trier became the residence of the Caesar who had the government of Britain, Gaul, and Spain. Here dwelt Constantine Chlorus and his son Constantine the Great, as well as several subsequent emperors. The modern city still contains many interesting remains. The most important of these is the Porta Nigra, or Black Gate, a large and massive building in an excellent state of preservation. There are also extensive remains of Roman baths, of the amphitheatre, and of the palace of Constantine. The piers of the bridge over Moselle are likewise Roman. The Treveri were a powerful people in Gallia Belgica.

The City of Treves

7-9/16" x 8-7/8"

This landscape, entitled "Trier," appears here for the first time; but it will do service for other cities and towns in the future. It is located on a sea or a river, which we may assume to be the Moselle. Although it has all the earmarks of a well-fortified European medieval city, the huge dome at the right, surmounted with a crescent, tends to confuse this first impression. Are we really on the Moselle, or is this the Bosporus? To the right of this structure is a pillar-shaped tower surmounted with a strident figure carrying a staff, or it may be a fork; for the figure itself appears to have horns. It is a comfort to assume that this is a statue, for another step or two would be suicidal. To the left of the dome, and hugging it rather closely, is a Catholic church, whose many-storied bell tower vies with the crescent in its aerial aspirations. From this part of the city a road leads upward to a fort or castle whose upper reaches are made accessible by a ladder. Although we see no one about except the lively figure on the pedestal, the town must be well populated, for it is well supplied with residences, all gabled. There is also a generous supply of city gates. Over one of these is a shield, but its field is blank, adding to the general utility of the woodcut. To the extreme left, beyond the formidable city wall is open country, suggesting the fields from which the citizens no doubt receive their sustenance. The principal gate, flanked by towers is made accessible by a rather precarious and meager plank bridge. Two other gates give access by water.