First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

The Trojan ten years’ war (as Eusebius states) started in the first year of Esbon, the judge of Israel. During this period those mentioned hereafter also flourished. Troy (which Ilus the son of the Trojan king built up), was only 1500 paces from the sea. Want as well as abundance of all things was at hand. For, as Troy had suffered a ten years’ siege on the part of the Greeks, so the city was finally destroyed.

Hercules, with Jason, laid waste the city of Troy, which was built up again by Tros, and began the Olympian War. There was much fighting. And twelve extraordinary and superhuman deeds were performed by Hercules.

Hector, the first born of Priam by Hecuba, his wife, was a man of unequaled strength and ability as a warrior; and because of the great brilliance of his career the Trojans held him in high esteem; for, with his incredible strength and wisdom, he not only elevated his ancestry, but his country as well, to nobility, honor and glory. By his wife, Andromache, he bore many sons. One of these was called Franco, and from him (as Vincentius, historian of Burgundy says) the French originated.

Helen was the lawful wife of Menelaus, the king. She was abducted by Paris, the son of Priam, and taken to Troy. And this was the cause of the Trojan War. After the destruction of Troy, Helen was returned to Menelaus. Happily he embarked with her on a ship, bound for home. But by reason of an adverse sea, and because of storms, they came to Egypt, to King Polibus. Thereafter they wandered about aimlessly for eight years (as Eusebius testifies[This parenthetical phrase is not in the German edition of the .]), and finally reached home.

Paris, who is also called Alexander, was Hector’s brother, born of Priam and Hecuba. Supposedly as a messenger he came to Greece with 20 ships, and was hospitably received by Menelaus. When Paris saw the wife of the king, he abducted her, and in the king’s absence carried her and the king’s treasures off to Troy. In consequence of this wrong the Greeks waged a ten years’ war against he Trojans. In this war, Paris, after many valorous exploits, was slain by Pyrrhus, the son of Achilles.

Agamemnon was the brother of King Menelaus, and commander-in-chief of the entire forces sent by Greece against Troy, which was shamefully and treacherously surrendered in the end. Agamemnon was the son of Atreus, the king[He was the grandson of Atreus, king of Mycenae; though some call him the son of Atreus and the grandson of Pelops.]. All the forces were under his command. He left his wife, Clytemnestra, who had born him many children, and went to war. He labored hard and endured much opposition on the part of the princes before Troy, in consequence of which he was deposed and supplanted by Palamedes. But when Ulysses later slew Palamedes, Agamemnon was restored to his former powers, which he exercised with great honor. After Troy was captured and destroyed, Agamemnon sailed for home with Cassandra, the daughter of Priam, and with much booty. However, adverse seas and heavy storms caused him to wander about aimlessly for an entire year.

These two (referring to opposite portraits), Turcus and Franco, fled from Troy and set up two kingdoms; but this occurred long afterward.

Franco was a son of Hector and grandson of Priam, and of him the French derived their name. He was driven from Troy, and after wandering through all Asia he came to the Donau (Danube). After staying there for sometime he sought a region removed from organized communities; and he came to the river Tanais and the Sea of Maeotis (the Sea of Azov), where he built the city of Sicambria.

Turcus was a son of Troilus, who was a son of King Priam. At his wish his people were called Turks, after him. Some say their place of origin is in the neighborhood of Scythia.


The images on this page (several of which have been used previously) are, like nearly all portraits in the Chronicle, conventionally attired in late medieval dress. In addition, the physical characteristics of many of the figures seem to have little or nothing in common with the figures they purportedly represent (e.g., Hector and Paris are portrayed as older individuals, Agamemnon is too young, etc.).