First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO XXVI recto and XXV verso
(A) THE LINEAGE OF CHRIST (Cont. from Folio XXI verso)

The continuation of the biblical genealogies (as resumed from Folio XXI verso) here extends over two opposite pages. It begins with Isaac and his wife, Rebekah, shown by a dual portrait at the head of Folio XXVI recto, to the left. From them a branch passes to Esau, the long hairy hunter at the right.

Another branch passes downward to Jacob, shown in a triple portrait with Leah (Lya) and Rachel, his two wives. The line proceeds through Rachel on the right to her sons, Benjamin and Joseph. And with Joseph is his wife, Asenath, and beside them their two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim; but the ten children of Joseph’s brother, Benjamin, are not shown.

Let us now follow the third or left branch, which proceeds from Jacob through Leah. There were seven children born to Leah by Jacob: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun and Dinah. They are all portrayed, except Judah, who is mentioned in the text, but has been omitted from the family album.

And there are others to be accounted for. Leah had a handmaid, Zilpah (Zelpha), and when Leah left off bearing, Jacob had sexual relations with Zilpah, and through her added Gad and Asher (Aser) to his progeny. This ancillary transaction is shown unconnected and by itself in a triple portrait at Folio XXVI recto; and there the name of Gad and Asher appear; but their mother is erroneously designated as Zelpha "ancilla Rachel." She was not the ancillary or handmaid of Rachel, but of Leah.

In like manner, when Rachel proved barren, Jacob went in unto her handmaid, Bilhah (Bala), and in time Dan and Naphtali made their appearance. She and her two sons by Jacob are shown in a disassociated triple portrait at Folio XXV verso, over which are the following inscriptions:

Naphtali also makes a race.Bilpah, the maid of Leah (Jacob’s wife), bore two sons.Dan made a people of whom Samson was born.


On the left of the Folio XXV verso, commences the priestly lineage of Levi. He is shown at the top of the line in his high pontificals, while below him are his three sons, Merari (Merary), Gershon (Gerson), and Kohath (Caath), in that order. Kohath has four sons, Izhar (Ysura), Amram, Hebron and Uzziel, but only the first two appear. The first, Izhar, was married and had three sons, Korah, Nepheg, and Zichri; but Korah (Chore) alone is portrayed.

To Amram, the second son of Kohath, three children were born—Miriam, Moses and Aaron, all of whom appear and complete the family tree up to their time.

There is nothing individual about these portraits. In these times no general conception seems to have been formed of any particular person, with the exception of God and Christ. Many of these portrayals are somewhat out of tune with the characters for whom they stand. The most unfortunate selection, however, is the portrait of Moses, shown in a tight-fitting garment, as of a page, with a conical cap whose terminus is carried out like a pennant to the nth degree. Moreover, the general conception of Moses is that of a man with the head of a thinker, ample locks and the flowing beard of a Jupiter. This man is clean-shaven.


At the lower left of Folio XXVI recto begins the portrait gallery of the kings of Sicyonia— Aegialeus and Thelxion (Thessalion) respectively the first and fifth kings, according to the Chronicle. The second and third kings, Europs (Europes) and Telchin (Selchim) respectively, are referred to in the text, but not portrayed. Telchin was a son of Europs, and father of Apis. Pausanius calls Thelxion a son of Apis. From this we gather that the crown passed from king to king during this period as follows: (1) Aegialeus, (2) Europs, (3) Telchin, (4) Apis and (5) Thelxion.

(D) THE ASSYRIAN LINEAGE (Cont. from Folio XXV recto)

The Assyrian line of kings was begun at Folio XVII verso, where (1) Belus and (2) Ninus were shown. On Folio XXVI recto, this was continued with (3) Semiramis (4) Ninyas and (5) Arius, making a line of five kings who were there portrayed and described. Three other mysterious celebrities appeared in the line (Folio XXV recto), entitled respectively, Mamylas, Sparetus and Amytitas; but are left without text to clear the mystery.

And now we are to resume (at Folio XXVI recto) with Artus, who being here also called the fifth king, must be identical with Arius. Only one other Assyrian king is added. He is called Xerxes, alias Baleus, or Balancus.