First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO X recto

Enoch's exact place in the line of Cain is not certain. Cain built a city for him and gave it the name Enochia; and he lived to see it filled with his seed. Josephus says that Cain accumulated his possessions by robbery and violence and incited his sons to highway banditry. Fearing those whom he injured, he gathered his sons about him in the city. And although the Scriptures say there were only four men at this time, yet, as St. Augustine says, it is not unbelievable that Cain built a city; for the Scriptures did not count all those who lived at that time, considering it sufficient to remember those responsible for the things done. [Genesis 4:16-17.]

Methusalem (Methuselah), the son of Enoch, and born to him in his 167th year, bore Lamech, a son, and lived 792 years thereafter. And so they say Methuselah lived longer than all the other persons mentioned in the Scriptures.[Genesis 5:21-27.]

Mahalaleel at the age of 165 years bore a son named Jared; and he lived 730 years thereafter.[Genesis 5:15-16.]

Lamech was the first to introduce dual marriage, contrary to what Adam had said in the spirit of prophecy, namely, that the two should become one flesh. He is the same who with an arrow killed Cain in the brushwood, and with his bow afterwards slew the youth who guided him. And for this murder of Cain, Lamech was punished seventy-fold, for seventy-seven souls which came out of him perished in the Flood. []

Jabal, born to Lamech by his wife Adah, began to make tents and staffs for shepherds, and to change pastures, with nothing to think upon except sexual intercourse and gratification of the belly. He also managed the herds, distinguished them by marks, separated the sheep from the goats, and those of a uniform color from the speckled ones, and the yearlings from the older; and he knew how to mate them in season.

[ "Concupiscence" appears as part of this and succeeding headings only in the Latin Edition. The term is used by Aquinas and the other scholastic philosophers to define that desire of the senses which seeks only for its own gratification as distinguished from unselfish love, and was held by them to be the cause of the original sin. To us the word simply means an inordinate impulse or desire, prompted by the senses.]

Jubal, Lamech's son, born to him by Adah, is the father of those who sing and play the harp and the organ. He is said to have discovered the art of music, though not the instruments themselves; for these were not invented until long afterward. However, he did discover the consonance of voices, to the pleasure of the shepherds, which calling his brother Jabal preferred. Later others discovered the pure consonance of sweet tones and of various instruments. It is said that Moses discovered sweet melodies in the noises made by the waters. However, others say that melody was first discovered in Arcadia through the use of long and short reeds. But Laertius says that it was discovered in the time of Pythagoras the Wise.

One reads that all earthly liberal crafts or natural arts that serve polite society were invented by the children of Lamech; and thus it seems that in the beginning the Hebrew children were more subtle than the rest. They also concerned themselves with the dangers of fire and flood and the means of preventing loss thereby. Tubal-Cain put his own art into clay-tiles and into marble columns. These tiles are still to be found in Syria; and while they have been damaged by the rains, the marble columns have remained and the inscriptions thereon can still be seen.


Tubal-Cain, Lamech's second son by his wife Zillah, worked in implements of war. He discovered the art of smithworks, and the engraving of metals to intrigue the eye (taking the foliage of nature as a model), just as his brother had invented music to please the ear.[Tubal-Cain, one of the gifted sons of Lamech, may be compared with Vulcan of Roman mythology. The Jewish legend of later times associates him with his father's song. "Lamech was blind," says the story, .]


Naamah, the daughter of Lamech by his wife Zillah, and sister of Tubal-Cain, discovered the art of weaving, making yarn of wool and linen, and making it into cloth, a fabric softer and smoother than the skins they formerly wore. [Naamah (Genesis 4:22), sister of Tubal-Cain, is one of the four women whose names are preserved in records of the world before the Flood; all except Eve being Cainites. No reason is given why these women should be singled out in the genealogies; and in the absence of this most of the commentators have sought a clue in the significance of the names interpreted as Hebrew terms. The name Naamah means "the lovely," or "the beautiful," apparently introduced to show the worldly spirit and tastes of the Cainites. According to the of Jonathan, she was the mistress of sounds and songs – a poetess.]