First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO IX recto

Adam, the pious man, was illustrious all the days of his long life for his spirit of prophecy and his great works of penance. He enjoined his children to righteousness and to refrain from social intercourse and intermarriage with Cain and his children. Although our first father caused us to be excluded from Paradise by a single sinful act, he set us a good example by his piety and contrition in order that we might be restored to the bliss of the heavenly kingdom. But he who does not follow that example has no just cause for complaint. According to Comestor,[ Peter Comestor (the surname ‘Comestor' means ‘devourer' and was given to Peter in his lifetime because he was a great bookworm) was the author of , written in the twelfth century. It was widely read during the Middle Ages and remained popular into the 15th century. Peter's text utilizes the Bible's texts from Genesis to the Acts of the Apostles, combined with numerous secular authors from the classical and medieval worlds, in his creation of a sacred history.] Adam had thirty sons and as many daughters beside Cain and Abel. Adam was Cain's father and father-in-law, for he took (to wife) Calmana, his sister. Augustine states that Adam died at the age of 930 years, after thirty sons had been born to him, and was buried at the place called Calvary, near Jerusalem. There he rested for some time until his body was taken to Hebron, the soil from whence he came. Anastasius and the Hebrews are also of this opinion. It was proper that Christ should there submit his body to death where the head of the human race was destroyed, and that our mortality should begin where destruction was sown; and so the medicine suited the disease.

Augustine says that God founded the human race on a single individual in order to indicate that he desired unity among many. This observation is very useful to the chosen ones who are to be associated with the holy angels in eternal peace. But mankind has so declined through his cruelty and sin that irrational animals, by comparison, live with one another in greater security and peace. Lions and dragons have never waged among themselves the wars that mankind has. God loves the bond of unity.

Adam and Eve, our first parents, lived 930 years; and they bore Cain, Abel and Seth, and their sisters; and if we recall the Scriptures, thirty other sons wore born to them. When Adam finally became burdened with illness, he commanded his son Seth and the rest not to permit their children to intermarry with the children of Cain. And, as they say, Adam sent to Paradise to procure the oil of mercy. Finally Adam passed away. He was buried at Hebron, although others say at the place called Calvary.


8-7/8" x 10-1/16"

A rather desolate scene opens before us—a rock-bound valley, through which a rivulet timidly flows. A few sparsely foliated trees raise their heads in the distance. Adam and Eve occupy the foreground, meekly submitting to the divine judgment. Adam, clad in a coat of skin, is wearily and rather ineffectually wringing his daily bread from the cursed ground with a branch of a tree. Beside him on the ground sits Eve, nursing Cain and Abel, born to her in pain and sorrow. Although barefooted, like her husband, and also wearing a coat of skin, though the artist has added a flowing garment of many folds to her wardrobe.