First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

WALLACHIA is a very extensive country, beginning at Siebenburgen and extending to the Euxine Sea. It is a level land and in need of water. To the south is the Danube, to the north are the Russians, and across the river Tyrus (Dniester) are the nomadic Scythians, called the Tartars. In this land at one time lived the Getae, who reduced Darius, the son of Hystaspis to flight, and subjugated the country of Thrace through many victories. Finally they were crushed and wiped out by the Romans, who, through their general, Flaccus, established a residential city there, by which the Dacians were overcome. The city was named Flaccia after the general. After the lapse of a long time the name was corrupted to Wallachia. The language of this people is still Roman, although greatly changed, and hardly intelligible to an Italian. In our own times two revolts occurred among the Wallachians, one by the Dacians, the other by the Dragulari. But after the Dragulari found themselves unequal to the Dacians and were oppressed by them in various ways, they called the Turks to their aid and wiped out the Dacians. But Janos Hunyadi, wielding the power of Hungary, gave aid to the Dacians, not only restoring them to their country, but earning renown and riches for himself thereby. The Wallachians also inhabit the islands of the Danube, among which is the island of Peuceni, which I note is mentioned by the ancient historians. They also have habitations in Thrace. One part of Wallachia is subject to the Turks, another to the Hungarians. It is apparent to me that it is difficult to de scribe the provinces, inasmuch as the historians, whom one must follow, not only have various versions, but contradict each other and, are not clear. They frequently confuse the location of the provinces; for some that were extensive in former times are now small,