First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

for it is not to be tolerated that this regal power should pass to strangers. This done, he would spare all those who were opposed to Matthias, the son of his sister. And although the matter was in doubt for some time as each lord weighed the consequences, yet Matthias, a youth of 18 years, was on the 24th day of January, while impatiently awaiting the result of the election with 40,000 men, icebound in the middle of the Danube, proclaimed king. And here we must marvel at the surprising uncertainty of human affairs. Of two youths of the same age and culture, one (King Ladislaus) was carried from the royal palace just after his marriage, to his grave; while another (Matthias), although imprisoned and fearing death, was called from his cell to the sovereignty. It is a wonder that such a sudden and unexpected joy did not strengthen the mother, as with so much grief and care, she would rather have heard her son called a king than be liberated from prison(?). In the Hungarian marches on the further side of the Danube, toward the north, now called Sepusium (which the people, called the Gepide, once occupied), was a noted robber, called Examites, a Bohemian and Hussite heretic, who hospitably received robbers wherever they came from, and called them brothers. And he made the same region tributary to himself by building and erecting a number of fortifications and wagon-forts, from which be sallied forth hither and thither, attacking the people. Every month he distributed the loot from person to person, a full brother receiving no more than one who had served but a few days. He said he was commanded to do this by the Gospels; for the Lord had promised all those who worked in his Father the same reward whether they come in the first hour or in the eleventh. Now when this organization had committed robbery far and wide, and had reached the number of 5,000, and was increasing daily, they could not be dispersed in any other manner than by enrolling its chief, Examites, in the pay of King Ladislaus. The region called Siebenbürgen is situated on the other side of the Danube, in which lived a number of Dacians, the free people, who has. been victorious against the Romans. In our own time three classes of people live there - the Germans, Siculi, and Wallachians. The Germans came from Saxony, and are strong and experienced warriors, and are called Siebenbürgers because of the seven cities in which they live. The Siculi are the Hungarians, the first to come into this region from ancient Hungary. Although they till the fields with their hands and live in the country tending their cattle, they are nevertheless called noble; and when they meet they greet one another as high born lords. They pay tribute to no one except when a king of Hungary is crowned, when they give the king as many oxen as there are householders, the number of whom exceeds 60,000. But when they are summoned to go to wars and do not obey, they are punished by death and their estates are forfeited to the public treasury. The Wallachians are an Italian people, as we will soon relate; but among the Siebenbürgers few men are to be found not versed in the Hungarian tongue. In this region was a little city, called Bistricum, subject to the royal crown, which King Ladislaus, while at Vienna, gave to Janos Hunyadi for his own. To this the inhabitants were opposed, but they were compelled to submit. But after the death of Hunyadi and the death of his son Ladislaus at Ofen, they scornfully ejected Michael Zylagi, who desired the kingdom for Matthias, the other son of Hunyadi. But as soon as he learned of the death or King Ladislaus, he returned with an army and attacked the little city; and he tore out the eyes of some of the hostile burghers; some he deprived of their hands; and others he beheaded. He destroyed the little city by fire. Not long thereafter about 3000 Turks came into this region and carried off a great amount of booty. The Sabinians and the Germans pursued them, slew many, and triumphantly returned home with the plunder they had taken. They had hardly returned to the city when Michael appeared with no mean force on the opposite side of the city, planning the destruction of Bistricum which had given aid against him. But as the Sabinians remained within their well fortified city, he was checked in his undertaking, and departed from hence with great threats.