First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

We begin our history with Hungary which adjoins and lies to the east of Austria, the fatherland of Emperor Frederick. Some call this country Pannonia. But Hungary does not reach the regions of Pannonia; nor was it as extensive as in our time. Hungary was limited to the Danube and the river Inn, and by the mountains toward Italy, and bordered on the Adriatic Sea. Pannonia was bounded on the west by Noricum and the Inn; on the east by the Moesians and the Triballi, and by the river Save (or Sau). Within this region is comprehended a large part of Austria, whlch is inhabited by Germans. Within this area Styria (once called Valeria) is also included. And although Hungary embraces lower Pannonia, from the river Leitha as far as the Save, yet it extended over the Danube and reached into Poland, and into the territory which the Gepidae once possessed, and which is now occupied by the Dacians. The power and dominion of the Hungarians is more extensive than Hungary itself, for under their rule are the Dalmatians, or Wends, the Bosnians, the Triballi, or Moesians, or Rascians, and the Getae, who in part are called Wallachians, Transylvanians and Siebenburghers; although, in our own time, some of these have been driven out by the Turks. The Romans under Emperor Octavian conquered these provinces as far as the Danube, and fought Bachonus, the Pannonian king, and the Armantiners between the Save and the Drave. But Trajan, the emperor, subjugated Dacia on the farther side of the Danube, which is a part of Hungary, and made a province of this barbarian territory. After Galienus lost the province it was recovered by Aurelian. Thereafter the land was warred upon and taken by the Huni, a Scythian people. At times it was overrun by the Goths from the islands in the Baltic or Prussian Sea; thereafter by the Saxons from Germany, who came through Pannonia. Finally the Hungarians gained the ascendency over the Scythians, and have maintained a kingdom to this day, extending their rule to both sides of the Danube. Not far from the source of the river Thanai lies another Hungary, the mother of the present province, and like it in language and custom; although this Hungary, being a more devout Christian land, is more civil and disciplined than the other, where the people live in idolatry and observe rude barbarian customs. In Hungary, through which the Danube flows,