First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

SPAIN, an extensive country whose soil is comparable to the best, and which is mighty in arms, is in our own time divided among five kings. The first and greatest is called the King of Castile; the second, of Aragon; the third, of Portugal; the fourth, of Navarre; the fifth, of Granada. The last was established in Castile, the far reaching kingdom. These kings were of Gothic blood and never changed their lineage. Although Alvaro de Luna of Aragon, a man of noble ancestry, was born out of wedlock, Johanna at one time proclaimed him head over the consolidated kingdom, with the intention that he should be regarded as the embodiment of royal power. In ruling the kingdom he harassed with war John of Navarre and Henry, master of the knightly Order of Santiago. After he was deprived of his estates and driven from the court by the queen, he lived in retirement for some time. Ere long a feud arose between John of Navarre and Henry, in which many persons were slain on both sides. But Alvaro secured the victory, and in the course of the same battle Henry was wounded in the hand, and died a few days later. His authority and rule passed to Alvaro, and long thereafter he was called rather and constable of the kingdom. He finally succumbed to the envy of the mighty; for when he threw out of the window a noble, who at the king’s command brought him a message, he was soon arrested and beheaded in the market place. He was a man of wholesome spirit, renowned at home and in the field, and whose mind was constantly charged with great matters. Henceforth John ruled the kingdom himself for a number of years. After his death his son Henry received the kingdom. He was a youth of great courage, and upright. He left his former wife and took another, the sister of the queen of Portugal. He conducted an expedition into the kingdom of Granada, devastating and destroying large part of the enemy country. In the kingdom of Navarre the father took up arms against the son, and the son against the father; finally the son was driven from the kingdom, and he fled to his uncle Alphonso, the king of Aragon and Sicily. In A.D. 1491, the entire kingdom of Betice, now called Granada, was overrun and taken possession of by the Christians after the defeat of the heathen inhabitants, the imprisonment of their kings and the capture of the city of Granada.