First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

In ENGLAND, King Henry, a man addicted to retirement and idleness, ruled the kingdom on foreign advice rather than by the exercise of his own judgment. The duke of Suffolk was mighty and powerful with the king during this time, for he governed the common people as well as the nobility according to his own will. But when English influence in France declined, and French power became re-established, the duke of York, with no small number of men, as well as nobles, came to London with the intention of effecting a change in the king's council, and improving the status of the king and queen. But Suffolk did not tarry to await the consequences. He took to sea and fled from thence. But who can escape his fore-ordained death; for a number were ordered to hastily pursue him, and he was arrested and slain. The duke of Somerset who returned to England after the loss of Normandy was also mighty and powerful with the king; but he was imprisoned and many of the nobility were slain. A number of the clergy were not spared either, among them our friend Adam Molynes, secretary to the king, who was beheaded. Not long thereafter, when the duke of York returned home, the duke of Somerset, who had now been liberated with the consent of the king, began to govern the kingdom; this brought him to great grief, for he was slain by the duke of York.


Scotland is in the same island as England, and the last region to the north. It has small rivers and is separated from England by mountains. We were there during the winter, when the sun shone upon the earth for a little over three hours. At that time reigned James, a ponderous and obese man, who at one time was imprisoned in England, and was in custody for eleven years before he was liberated. He finally married, an English woman, then returned home and killed many by violence. At last he himself was slain by his household. We at one time heard of a tree in Scotland, that bore fruit shaped like ducks; and when it matured, a portion of the fruit fell into the water and a portion to the earth. That which fell to the ground rotted, while that which fell into the water became alive, and swam under the water, and then flew into the air. But when we eagerly inquired into the matter, learned that this tree was not in Scotland, but was found in the Olcades Islands. However, we did see this marvel in Scotland: The poor naked people, who begged alms of the churches, received white stones, for which they were very thankful; for these stones were of sulphurous or fatty substance, and they used them as wood, of which there was a great scarcity in Scotland.


At this time we should write something about Ireland, which is separated from England by a small sea, but not having found anything memorable during those times, we hasten on to Spain.