First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

In the kingdom of France (which in our time was freed from the English, pursuant to divine premonition, as is believed, by Joan of Lorraine, who in male attire, and as first of the foremost fought at the head of the French lancers), serious dissension and hostility arose between King Charles and his son, the Dauphin of Vienne, when Philip the duke of Burgundy, after his father’s violent death, turned from the English to the French. Charles the Angevin duke, uncle of the Dauphin, at this time had great power and influence with the king. However, John, the duke of Auvergne, chose not to submit to the power of Charles; nor did the Bourbon prince and his brother regard the Angevin rule without suspicion. Accordingly they advised the Dauphin to forsake his father; and by this means, through the king’s inclination to his son, they hoped to influence the king to discard Charles and to rule his kingdom with better counsel. Under this influence the Dauphin, ignoring his father, went over to the Nivernians. And when the king learned of this, he speedily collected an army and appeared before Alençon; and with a small force he captured many fortifications, and the duke surrendered. He then proceeded against his son; but since the Nivernian cities did not dare protect the Dauphin against the power of his father, they requested the Dauphin to leave. And so he went to Bourbonais, and ere long, by reason of the hostility of the Bourbon princes, he became reconciled to his father; which, however, did not work to the advantage of his brother; for in a short time he was captured and drowned. Ere long René, who was driven out of the kingdom of Sicily, espoused his daughter to King Henry of England. And to this the French king was not opposed, for through this marriage he secured for himself and his kingdom a long and wholesome postponement of the war with the English. And flow that these matters had been adjusted, and the king was now secure at home, and his kingdom free from the plunder and incendiarism of by which it had been distressed for a long time, he sent the Dauphin (as heretofore stated) with a great army against those of Switzerland and Basle, while he himself with the rest of the army proceeded into Lorraine, harassing Metz and Toul. When the inhabitants of Spinal surrendered, he took that city away from the bishopric of Metz. Thereafter when Francis of Aragon by stealth took the city of Tosorsi(?) which is situated in Normandy and belonged to a duke of Brittany, he was regarded as a violator of the peace by the mighty kings of France and England; and many embassies were sent back and forth in the matter. Flothetus was sent there by the king of France with a fair sized military force; and he caused several wagons loaded with hay, in which soldiers were concealed, to be driven upon the bridge of the castle and to halt there at the gate, while he with his concealed troops awaited the signal.