First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Thereafter he fell into the power of Duke Henry, and died soon thereafter; nor did Henry live long after that; for when he forbade his subjects to make a pilgrimage to Rome in order that his country might not be relieved of its money, he died in the same year. His duchy was inherited by the son he begot by the sister of King Albert,- a youth of magnanimous disposition, zealous for honor and renown, and a scorner of money. By public proclamation he drove all the Jews out of his realm. He espoused a wife from Saxony, the daughter of Emperor Frederick’s sister. He caused dissension and war in Germany.


In the Rhineland (which flourished in our own time) constant dissension and discord prevailed between Dietrich, bishop of Mainz, and Louis, the palsgrave of the Rhine; and they often took to arms, the entire region thereabout being devastated by robbery and fire. The margraves of Baden and Brandenburg gave assistance to those of Mainz, while the bishop of Trier and several other cities aided the palsgrave. Now when Palsgrave Louis (who had espoused the widow of King Louis of Sicily) died, his brother, Duke Frederick, with the consent of the country and the nobles, assumed the regency for his minor son, styling himself an elector, and engaging to remain single, so that the rights of his ward might not be prejudiced. When thereunto requested, Pope Nicholas V confirmed the guardianship; but Emperor Frederick, though often solicited on high authority, remained opposed thereto. Duke Albert, brother of Emperor Frederick, with varying fortune, carried on a war with many cities in Swabia. In the margraviate of Baden, margrave Jacob, a prince among the Germans and highly renowned for justice and intelligence, realizing that for the satisfaction of his human happiness he lacked nothing but a knowledge of letters, held his sons to the study of literature; and after he had espoused one of his sons, named Charles, a man of extraordinary bravery, to Emperor Frederick’s sister, he died full of years, and not reluctantly.


When the Tyrolese, who live in the valleys of the Inn and the Etsch, requested Emperor Frederick to restore to them Duke Sigismund, who was under his care and guardianship, and the emperor declined to do so, they took up arms and drove out the officials whom the emperor had appointed. Now when those of Trient, at the command of the bishop to whom they were subject, remained faithful and loyal to the emperor, the Tyrolese went to Trient, and with an army captured the city, and also forced the castle to capitulate. Thereafter they arrived at an understanding with the emperor and secured their lord with less good fortune than they had surmised.


The Swiss, a liberty loving mountain people, with a large army, overran those of Zurich who had violated a treaty they had made with the Swiss; and they devastated their lands and fields. When those of Zurich chanced a battle with the Swiss, they were nearly all slain; and the Swiss raged against the vanquished with great cruelty, gathering up the bodies of the dead in the field, making tables and benches of them, opening their bodies, drinking their blood, and tearing their hearts out with their teeth.


Then Louis, the Dauphin of Vienne, in Alsace (the region which was erstwhile French, but now belongs to Germany, conducted a French expedition into the country of Basle, greatly frightening the people, their Swiss allies sent 4,000 able-bodied young fighting men to their assistance. When the Dauphin learned that these men were hastening to the city, he inter posed himself between the city and the Swiss, whose numbers increased to 30,000 men, prepared for battle. Both sides fought with great energy. Finally the Swiss, whether vanquished or victorious, rested from fatigue; but few of them fled, and the rest were slain. Seldom did a Swiss die unavenged; for most of the French, who had been slain, were found pierced through with Swiss lances, the. Swiss having charged into the very midst of the enemy spears to avenge themselves for wounds received.


Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy, prospered his country and secured peace by force of arms. After reigning 40 years he left his duchy, forsaking worldly renown and honor, and went into the wilderness with six knights. Finally he was elevated to the papacy in the manner already set forth in this book. Very few people acknowledged him as a vicar of Christ, the exceptions being his own subjects, the Swiss, those of Basle, those of Strassburg, and the adherents of Duke Albert of Bavaria.