First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

WESTPHALIA extends to the Rhine on the west, the river Weser on the east, Friesland and the district of Utrecht on the north, the Hessian mountains on the south, in which mountains the Amisia (Ems) has its source. This river flows by the noble cities of Paderborn and Munster, dividing the country through the middle. It then passes through Friesland and into the sea. The river Saale also drains Westphalia. Between that river and the Rhine, Drusus Germanicus secured a victory over the enemy. Charlemagne fought many wars with the Westphalians, defeating them in battle, and compelling them to give up idolatry and to accept the Christian faith. But as they often denied Christianity and ignored the obligations of their oaths, he appointed secret judges